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  • 1.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    The prevalence and stories of Mental Health Problems in elite sport2019In: Proceedings of The 15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Eloranta, Sandra
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Franck, Johan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    The prevalence of Mental Health Problems in elite athletes2020In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, no 4, p. 329-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The first aim was to examine mental health problems (MHP) in elite athletes addressing prevalence, sex-differences, onset, recurrent episodes, help-seeking, symptoms of specific disorders and previous psychiatric diagnoses. The second aim was to investigate if sport-specific instruments could indicate clinical levels of psychiatric symptoms.

    Design

    Cross-sectional survey.

    Methods

    Elite athletes (representing different Swedish national teams and applying for a university scholarship (n = 333) answered a web-based survey. Females represented 58.9%. Mean age was 24.6(±3.1) years and 77.2% were individual-and 22.8% team-sport athletes.

    Results

    Lifetime prevalence of MHP was 51.7% (females 58.2%, males 42.3%). Point prevalence was 11.7% (females 13.8%, males 8.8%). Onset of first MHP episode peaked at age 19 with 50% of onsets between ages 17–21. Recurrent episodes were common, and females sought help more than males (females 37.8%, males 16.8%). Overall 19.5% reached the clinical cut-offs for symptoms of anxiety and/or depression (females 26.0%, males 10.2%). Previous psychiatric diagnoses existed among 8.1% (females 10.7%, males 4.4%). A depressive disorder, an eating disorder or a trauma and stress related disorder (self-reported as burnout) were most common. Finally, most sport-specific instruments (80%) demonstrated a fair diagnostic accuracy compared to clinically validated instruments.

    Conclusions

    Lifetime prevalence of MHP was reported by more than half of the athletes. Symptoms manifested in young age and recurrent episodes were common. Sport-specific instruments indicating when symptoms reach clinical levels are potentially useful for data summary purposes on a group level, but without sufficiently high sensitivity and specificity to be recommend for applied work with athletes.

  • 3.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Idrottens psykologi2018In: Specialidrott: Tränings- och tävlingslära, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2018, p. 109-141Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 4.
    Håkansson, Anders C
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group. University of Ottawa, Canada, Swedish Sport Federation.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Problem gambling and gaming in elite athletes.2018In: Addictive Behaviors Reports, ISSN 2352-8532, E-ISSN 2076-3387, Vol. 8, p. 79-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: High-level sports have been described as a risk situation for mental health problems and substance misuse. This, however, has been sparsely studied for problem gambling, and it is unknown whether problem gaming, corresponding to the tentative diagnosis of internet gaming disorder, may be overrepresented in athletes. This study aimed to study the prevalence and correlates of problem gambling and problem gaming in national team-level athletes.

    Methods: A web-survey addressing national team-level athletes in university studies (survey participation 60%) was answered by 352 individuals (60% women, mean age 23.7), assessing mental health problems, including lifetime history of problem gambling (NODS-CLiP) and problem gaming (GASA).

    Results: Lifetime prevalence of problem gambling was 7% (14% in males, 1% in females, p < 0.001), with no difference between team sports and other sports. Lifetime prevalence of problem gaming was 2% (4% in males and 1% in females, p = 0.06). Problem gambling and problem gaming were significantly associated (p = 0.01).

    Conclusions: Moderately elevated rates of problem gambling were demonstrated, however with large gender differences, and interestingly, with comparable prevalence in team sports and in other sports. Problem gaming did not seem more common than in the general population, but an association between problem gambling and problem gaming was demonstrated.

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  • 5.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Balans, återhämtning och utveckling i rollen som tränare2018In: Idrottens ledarskap, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2018, p. 111-125Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Tränare behöver precis som idrottare hitta vägar för att utvecklas, må bra och prestera över tid. [...] Detta kapitel handlar om hur viktigt det är att ha en balanserad totalbelastning vilket innebär att de grundläggande förutsättningarna finns på plats: äta bra, sova och ha möjlighet till psykosocial återhämtning.

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  • 6.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Vikten av återhämtning2018In: Idrottens träning, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2018, p. 137-151Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är en utmaning att hitta en balans mellan hög träningsbelastning och återhämtning. Är idrottare lika bra på högkvalitativ vila och återhämtning som de är på att träna? För många kan det finnas vinster att göra både gällande prestation och hälsa om den fysiska och psykologiska återhämtningen uppgraderas. Detta kapitel vänder sig till dig som är tränare för idrottare som tränar för att prestera och tävla, och där balansen mellan belastning och återhämtning blir mycket viktig både ur prestations- och hälsosynpunkt

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  • 7.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Elitens osynliga ohälsa2016In: Idrottsforskning, ISSN 2002-3944, article id 11 januariArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 30 procent av svenska elitidrottare har upplevt psykisk ohälsa under karriären, visar ny forskning. Elitidrottare lider sannolikt av psykisk ohälsa i samma eller något högre grad än normalbefolkningen. De som drabbas lider ofta i det tysta och avstår dessutom från söka hjälp för sina problem.

  • 8.
    Mattsson, C. Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Djurback, Ingrid
    Lindblom, Emma
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Carlsson, Håkan
    Wickström, Erik
    Ericsson, Fredrik
    Rosén, Mikael
    Johansson, Annelie
    Willén, Joachim
    Träna för en svensk klassiker och andra långlopp2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Förbered dig rätt inför långlopp. Att under ett år genomföra Vätternrundan, Vansbrosimningen, Lidingöloppet och Engelbrektsloppet/Vasaloppet, är ett av de mest populära sätten att skörda frukten av sin träning och nå sitt mål. För att lyckas krävs goda förberedelser, och ju bättre förberedd du är desto mer positiv blir upplevelsen. Innehållet i denna bok är en fördjupning av samlad kunskap och erfarenhet inom simning, cykel, löpning, längdskidåkning och triathlon samt hur man på bästa sätt kombinerar de olika idrotterna – deras olika moment – i träning och tävling. Här hittar du också kapitel om träningslära, idrottsnutrition, mental träning, förebyggande av idrottsskador och träningsplanering för att öka förståelsen av vad som påverkar en idrottsprestation.

    Extramaterial på webbplatsen: För att kunna erbjuda mer än vad som ryms i en bok, har vi också skapat en webbplats. Med hjälp av koden som följer med i boken kan du registrera dig för att ta del av fördjupande texter, träningsprogram och kostupplägg, övningar och intressanta länkar.

    (Text från förlaget)

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  • 9.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Elitens osynliga ohälsa2015In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 32-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 30 procent av svenska elitidrottare har upplevt psykisk ohälsa under karriären, visar ny forskning. Elitidrottare lider sannolikt av psykisk ohälsa i samma eller något högre grad än normalbefolkningen. De som drabbas lider ofta i det tysta och avstår dessutom från söka hjälp för sina problem.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
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