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Effects of post activation potentiation on electromechanical delay
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Laboratoriet för biomekanik och motorisk kontroll (BMC).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8580-6518
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Laboratoriet för biomekanik och motorisk kontroll (BMC). Karolinska Institutet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1210-6449
University of Beira Interior (UBI), Covilhã, Portugal.
University of Beira Interior (UBI), Covilhã, Portugal.
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Clinical Biomechanics, ISSN 0268-0033, E-ISSN 1879-1271, Vol. 70, s. 115-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Electromechanical delay (EMD) presumably depends upon both contractile and tensile factors. It has recently been used as an indirect measure of muscle tendon stiffness to study adaptations to stretching and training. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether contractile properties induced by a 6 s maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) could affect EMD without altering passive muscle tendon stiffness or stiffness index. Plantar flexor twitches were evoked via electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve in eight highly trained male sprinters before and after a 6 s MVIC in passive isometric or passively shortening or lengthening muscles. For each twitch, EMD, twitch contractile properties and SOLM-Wave were measured. Passive muscle tendon stiffness was measured from the slope of the relation between torque and ankle angle during controlled passive dorsal flexion and stiffness index by curve-fitting the torque angle data using a second-order polynomial function. EMD did not differ between isometric, lengthening or shortening movements. EMD was reduced by up to 11.56 ± 5.64% immediately after the MVIC and stayed depressed for up to 60 s after conditioning. Peak twitch torque and rate of torque development were potentiated by up to 119.41 ± 37.15% and 116.06 ± 37.39%, respectively. Rising time was reduced by up to 14.46 ± 7.22%. No significant changes occurred in passive muscle tendon stiffness or stiffness index. Using a conditioning MVIC, it was shown that there was an acute enhancement of contractile muscle properties as well as a significant reduction in EMD with no corresponding changes in stiffness. Therefore, caution should be taken when using and interpreting EMD as a proxy for muscle tendon stiffness.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 70, s. 115-122
Nyckelord [en]
Muscle, Twitch, Potentiation, Electromechanical delay, Stiffness
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysiologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin/Teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5820DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.08.001PubMedID: 31476603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-5820DiVA, id: diva2:1346125
Anmärkning

At the time of Paulo Gago's dissertation this article was a manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-27 Skapad: 2019-08-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Gago, PauloArndt, AntonEkblom, Maria

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Gago, PauloArndt, AntonEkblom, Maria
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Clinical Biomechanics
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