Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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  • Diaz Stenlund, Stella
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Nilsson, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Arbetet bakom meningsfulls idrott och hälsa lektioner: En kvalitativ studie om lärares arbete för att skapa en känsla av sammanhang hos elver i ämnet idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Aim and research questions

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers in the subject of physical education and health work to create a learning environment where students feel well and have a sense of coherence.

    -       How do teachers in physical education and health promote a sense of coherence among students?

    -       How do teachers incorporate the concepts of manageability, meaningfulness, and comprehensibility in their teaching?

     

    Method

    The analysis is based on five semi-structured interviews, employed thematic analysis to identify patterns and relationships related to the purpose and research questions. The theoretical basis of the study is SOC (sense of coherence) with the components of manageability, meaningfulness, and comprehensibility. 

     

    Results

    Teachers promote meaningfulness by broadening the focus from solely the physical to social and personal aspects. They offer activities with practical relevance outside of school. Manageability is enhanced through the provision of tools and creating a sense of security, enabling students to confidently engage in various activities. Teachers foster comprehensibility through clarity, explaining to students the reasons behind the various activities.

     

    Conclusions

    The study indicates that teachers' salutogenic approach in physical education emphasizes viewing activities as more than just physical. They promote health through security, educational strategies, and create meaningfulness even for those who may not like certain activities. Salutogenic methods can counteract the modern sedentary lifestyle, fostering a desire for movement by integrating activities into a meaningful context.

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  • Fälting, Vilma
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Thorin, Lova
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Skolidrott - deltagande och ombyte: En kvantitativ studie om elever i årskurs 9 utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2024Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion 

    Idrottsundervisningen i skolan är en viktig komponent i elevernas utbildning och välbefinnande. För en del elever är idrottsundervisningen den enda tillgången till regelbunden fysisk aktivitet, ämnet har således en avgörande betydelse för många elevers välmående och hälsa. För elever i årskurs nio i Sverige utgör skolidrotten en obligatorisk del av läroplanen och det förväntas att elever deltar i olika fysiska aktiviteter. Trots det, väljer en del elever att inte byta om och delta på idrottslektionerna. Detta fenomen väcker frågor om vilka faktorer som påverkar elevers beslut att delta eller inte i skolidrotten, samt vilka faktorer som påverkar deras val att byta om eller inte. 

    Syfte

    Studien syftade till att dels undersöka hur stor andel av alla elever i årskurs 9 som deltar i undervisningen, och dels vilka faktorer som påverkar att de väljer att inte delta eller byta om inför idrottsundervisningen. 

    Teori och metod 

    Det teoretiska ramverket som valts är Bourdieus sociokulturella teori och centrala begrepp är: habitus, kapital, livsstil och smak. Studien har utgått från en kvantitativ metodansats där 59 elever från en högstadieskola i en mindre stad söder om Stockholm besvarade studiens frågeformulär. Datan bearbetades med en bivariatanalys i Excel genom pivottabeller. 

    Resultat och diskussion Resultatet visade att 93% av de 59 elever i årskurs 9 som besvarade enkäten väljer att alltid eller oftast delta på idrottslektionerna. De främsta faktorerna att eleverna väljer att inte deltar på idrottslektionerna är, (1) avsaknad av träningserfarenhet på fritiden, (2) svagt idrottshabitus och (3) negativ upplevelse och inställning till idrottsämnet. Faktorerna till att elever väljer att inte byta om är hos tjejer “annat” och killar “ har inte idrottskläder”. Avslutningsvis tyder resultatet på att det krävs mer forskning för att ta reda på bakomliggande orsaker till varför tjejer och killar väljer att inte byta om.

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  • Axling, Patricia
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Hildeby, Lina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Vad hände med hälsan?: En kvalitativ diskursanalys om gymnasielärares hälsoundervisning i Idrott och hälsa 12024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and questions The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers in physical education and health 1 talkabout health and what space health education is given in upper secondary school. Threequestions have been formulated. 1. Which health discourses are made visible in Sport andhealth? 2. Which health discourses are made invisible in Sport and health? 3. Which subject positions are created through the health discourses?

    Method The study consists of a qualitative research method. The primary empirical material has beencollected through semi-structured interviews. The secondary empirical material, overall plansand lesson materials, have subsequently been obtained via email from the researchparticipants. The empirical material has been processed using a Foucault-inspired discourseanalysis. Relevant questions have been asked of the material and used as an analysis method.

    Analysis In our study, six health discourses have been made visible, three discourses made invisiblehave emerged and two subject positions for the study's research participants and one for theirstudents have been designed. The study's analysis shows that there is a salutogenic approachand a holistic view of health among the study's research participants in the subject Sport andhealth 1. In addition, the analysis shows that health has an obvious place in the researchparticipants' teaching, but that the relationship between health and sport is not equal. Teaching related to sports and physical activity takes precedence over health in the teaching space. The subject positions have been named the holistic teacher, the physiological movement teacher and the passive learner.

    Conclusion The holistic discourse produces a dominant speech about health that is reflected in theresearch participants' health education. The Mantra discourse, Salutogenic discourse andEveryone Should Join discourse make up the study's three invisible discourses where nodiscourse is superior. Two subject positions for the research participants and one subjectposition for their students have been created through the health discourses. The conclusions we make are that the teachers' talk about health and their health teaching are rooted in expectations from society, students and to some extent the research participants themselves.

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  • Shnawa, Hisham
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Junior Tandia, Amadou
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Bollspel i idrottsundervisningen: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur lärares föreningsbakgrund inom bollspel påverkar lektionsupplägget2024Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar    

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur lärare i årskurs 4-6 med föreningsbakgrund i bollsport upplever deras lektionsupplägg. Detta kopplat till det centrala innehållet i idrott och hälsa. Studien undersöker om det finns ett samband med lärarnas bakgrund i bollsport till hur de vidare väljer att undervisa elever i idrott och hälsa samt huruvida lärarna anser att elevernas olika föreningsbakgrunder har en inverkan på deras undervisning. För att besvara studiens syfte har tre frågeställningar formulerats Uppfattar idrottslärare i år 4 – 6 att deras föreningsbakgrund har någon inverkan på valet av lektionsupplägg? Hur ser idrottslärare i år 4 - 6 med föreningsbakgrund i bollsport på undervisning i idrott och hälsa?  Hur ser idrottslärare i år 4-6 på elevernas föreningsbakgrunder och dess inverkan på undervisningen?  

    Metod  

    Metoden som användes i denna studie var kvalitativ med semistrukturerade intervjuer av fyra idrottslärare vid olika skolor. Det genomfördes ett handplockat urval av fyra idrottslärare i årskurs 4-6 med föreningsbakgrund inom bollsporter. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är läroplansteorin samt begreppet habitus.   

    Resultat och analys

    Lärare med föreningsbakgrund sen tidigare påverkar sin planering av lektionsupplägg. I studien gjordes en resultatanalys där det framgick att lärare med föreningsbakgrund inom bollsport såg positivt på användning av bollsport. Detta då lärarna själva beskrev det som ett bekvämt moment att lära ut baserat på erfarenheten de hade samt ansåg att det enkelt går att koppla bollspel till olika delar av det centrala innehållet.    

    Slutsats 

    Slutsatsen denna studie kommer fram till är att lärarna i studiens erfarenhet av föreningsidrott i bollspel har stor inverkan på hur de undervisar i ämnet idrott och hälsa. Lärarna beskriver bollsport som negativt inom undervisning i idrott och hälsa på grund av att det leder till tävling och exkludering av olika elever. Dock anser samtliga lärare att ett inkluderande bollspel med ett tydligt syfte kopplat till det centrala innehållet som positivt i undervisningen.  Elevinflytandet kan ge mer utrymme för bollspel i undervisningen men elever med deras föreningsbakgrunder har inte en inverkan på innehållet i undervisningen menar lärarna. 

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  • Morad, Hampik
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Vilka träningsmetoder används för anfallsspelet i herrallsvenskan?: En kvalitativ undersökning2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of this study is to investigate the training methods employed by elite football coaches in Allsvenskan (Swedish premier league), to convey their principles in the phases of offensive play to their players.

     

    Research questions

    •  How do elite football coaches in Allsvenskan train the build-up phase?

    •  How do elite football coaches in Allsvenskan train the finishing and goalscoring phase?

    •  How do elite football coaches in Allsvenskan train the counter-attacking phase?

     

    Method

    This study adopted a qualitative approach utilizing semi-structured interviews to explore the training methodologies employed by coaches to develop offensive play. The participants included four male football coaches from Allsvenskan. Prior to the interviews, ethical guidelines were presented, and consent was obtained from the interviewees. Data collection involved transcription and subsequent analysis through qualitative content analysis.

     

    Results

    The study's results reveal that the coaches employ similar training methodologies in conveying offensive play principles to their players. In the build-up phase, training with numerical superiorities and game-like exercises are utilized. For "finishing and goalscoring," methods vary between functional and isolated drills. Regarding "counter-attacking," coaches emphasize transitional exercises and the use of constraining/facilitating factors.

     

    Conclusion

    Based on the results, a conceptual framework is presented and discussed, shedding light on the coaches' methodologies within their training environment, aiming to effectively transfer offensive play principles to their players. Finally, practical recommendations for coaches and suggestions for further academic research are proposed.

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  • Hoy, Sara
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Larsson, Håkan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society. Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Studies, The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences (NIH), Oslo, Norway.
    Kjellenberg, Karin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Nyberg, Gisela
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Helgadóttir, Björg
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gendered relations? Associations between Swedish parents, siblings, and adolescents' time spent sedentary and physically active2024In: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, E-ISSN 2624-9367, Vol. 6, article id 1236848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    The family is assumed to be fundamental in youth socialization processes and development, connected to social and cultural practices such as healthy lifestyles and physical activity. However, gender patterns in physical activity among adolescents and the structural drivers of gender inequality (e.g., parentage and siblingship) are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore further how gender structures relate to adolescents' time spent being sedentary and physically active, using contemporary gender theory.

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study involved 1,139 adolescents aged 13-14 and their parents, including 815 mothers and 572 fathers. Physical activity and time spent sedentary were assessed through accelerometry among adolescents and through a self-report questionnaire for parents validated against accelerometry.

    Results

    The results showed significant relationships between mothers' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and girls' MVPA on weekdays and weekends, and fathers' MVPA was significantly related to girls' MVPA on weekdays. Our results imply that the relationship between Swedish parents' and adolescent girls' physical activity in higher intensities are to some extent gendered practices. However, time spent sedentary does not seem to show any patterns of being performed according to binary ideas of gender. Further, our exploratory analyses suggest that these results somewhat intersect with parents' educational level and relate to intra-categorical aspects of doing gender. The results also indicate slight gendered patterns in the “doing” of brotherhood for time spent sedentary, however, for boys only on weekends.

    Discussion 

    The study contributes to the understanding of gender norms as constraints and enablers for adolescents' participation in physical activity. The results can spur public health and physical activity research to apply a contemporary gender theory approach, and to expand the research agenda connected to what relates to gender inequalities in physical activity practices.

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  • Hägglund, Karin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics. The School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    Wagstaff, Christopher R.D.
    School of Sport, Health and Exercise Science, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
    Bentzen, Marte
    Department of Sport and Social Sciences, The Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    What Is Known About Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Among Sport Coaches?: A Scoping Review2024In: International Sport Coaching Journal, ISSN 2328-918X, E-ISSN 2328-9198, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness and self-compassion are two constructs positively related to well-being and mental health outside sport. Within sport, these constructs are emerging in research, yet the extant work has primarily been conducted with athlete samples. The aim of this scoping review was to provide a broad synthesis of the literature on mindfulness and self-compassion among coaches. Fourteen articles were included, 11 of them published 2019–2022. Of the 14 publications, the concepts studied were mindfulness (n = 10), self-compassion (n = 2), and a combination of both (n = 2). The samples were predominantly male coaches (68.7%), and most of the studies targeted coaches at the elite or competitive level. The most common area studied was developing and testing interventions and programs, followed by depicting relationships of mindfulness or self-compassion with desirable outcomes. This review significantly extends the current knowledge by illuminating critical issues in this rapidly moving area of research; the need for conceptual and contextual clarity of mindfulness and self-compassion; methodological considerations, such as measures that may allow reliable comparison across studies; and the need to further explore the potential benefits of mindfulness and self-compassion for coaches for sustainability and performance.

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  • Patterson, Emma
    et al.
    Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; Division for Risk and Benefit Assessment, Swedish Food Agency, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Nyberg, Gisela
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Norman, Åsa
    Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Schäfer Elinder, Liselotte
    Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Universal healthy school start intervention reduced the body mass index of young children with obesity.2024In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To evaluate the effect of a universal, school-based family support programme on body mass index (BMI) of children aged 5-7 years, using pooled data from three trials.

    METHODS: The programme has three to four components and is delivered during the first school year. It aims to promote healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours, and secondarily prevent unhealthy weight gain. Three cluster-randomised controlled trials were conducted between 2010 and 2018 in low and mixed socioeconomic status areas in Sweden. Weight and height were measured. Multiple mixed linear regression analysis was performed on the pooled data.

    RESULTS: In total, 961 children were included (50% girls, mean age 6.3 years). The post-intervention effect on BMI z-score in all children was small, but in those with obesity at baseline, we observed a significant, clinically relevant, decrease in BMI z-score (-0.21). This was most pronounced in children with a non-Nordic born parent (-0.24). Five to six months after the intervention, decreases were no longer statistically significant.

    CONCLUSION: The intervention resulted in changes in BMI comparable to obesity treatment programmes focusing on behaviour change. However, the effect attenuated with time suggesting the programme should be sustained and evaluated for a longer time.

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  • Identeg, Fredrik
    et al.
    Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nigicser, Isabel
    Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Edlund, Klara
    Division of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. ; Musculoskeletal and Sports Injury Epidemiology Center, Department of Health Promotion, Sciences, Sophiahemmet University, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Forsberg, Niklas
    Independent Researcher, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sansone, Mikael
    Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Tranaeus, Ulrika
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics. Unit of Intervention and Implementation for Worker Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hedelin, Henrik
    Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Mental health problems, sleep quality and overuse injuries in advanced Swedish rock-climbers - the CLIMB study.2024In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 2052-1847 , Vol. 16, no 1, article id 46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of mental health problems (depression, anxiety, and stress), sleep quality, and disability due to overuse injuries in advanced and elite rock-climbers. The rock-climbers were compared to a group of non-climbing controls.

    METHODS: A self-selected sample of advanced and elite Swedish rock-climbing athletes was recruited through the Swedish Rock-climbing Federation, local rock-climbing gyms and through social media. A control group, matched in size was recruited. Participants in the control group answered an online survey of validated questionnaires, examining symptoms of stress, anxiety, depression, sleep quality. The climbing participants answered the same survey as the non-climbing controls but with additional questions regarding musculoskeletal problems and disabilities related to these. Outcome measures used were the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and The Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Overuse Injury Questionnaire.

    RESULTS: A total of 183 participants were included in the rock-climbing group, and 180 participants in the control group. In the rock-climbing group the mean age (SD) was 28.2 (8.3) years among women and 30.5 (9.6) years in men. The mean BMI of women was 21.2 (2.2) and 22.8 (2.1) in men. A total of 30.6% of the rock-climbing group (26.7% of men, 35.9% of women) reported at least moderate levels of symptoms of depression and 23.1% (17.2% men, 30.8% women) at least moderate levels of symptoms of anxiety. A total of 48.4% of rock-climbers (39.1% men, and 61.6% women) reported at least moderate levels of symptoms of stress. Among the rock-climbers, 45.0% reported having poor sleep quality. There were no statistical significant differences (p = 0.052-0.96) in mental health problems or sleeping problems between the rock-climbers and the controls. Among rock-climbers, reports of one-week prevalence of injury related problems was: Finger and hand (49.5%), Shoulder (35.2%), Knee (29.1%), Lumbar back (26.4%), Arm (25.3%), Thoracic back and neck (17.0%), and Foot and lower leg (12.1%).

    CONCLUSION: The overall results indicate high levels of symptoms of mental health problems and poor sleep quality in both rock-climbers and controls. Although no significant differences between the climbing group and the control group was displayed, symptoms that warrant clinical attention is high. Overuse injuries were commonly reported among the rock-climbers in all examined injury locations. Previous studies reporting mental health problems to be more prevalent among athletes were contradicted in this study. The results display the need for a broader perspective regarding climbers general health and the need to provide structured care and adequate support in order to come to terms with these concerns.

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  • Baldanzi, Gabriel
    et al.
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sayols-Baixeras, Sergi
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; CIBER Cardiovascular Diseases (CIBERCV), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain..
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Dekkers, Koen F
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hammar, Ulf
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nguyen, Diem
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ahmad, Shafqat
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Preventive Medicine Division, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.
    Ericson, Ulrika
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden..
    Arvidsson, Daniel
    Center for Health and Performance, Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Börjesson, Mats
    Center for Lifestyle Intervention, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Medicine, Geriatric and Acute Medicine Östra, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johanson, Peter J
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Smith, J Gustav
    The Wallenberg Laboratory/Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg University and the Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University and Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; Wallenberg Center for Molecular Medicine and Lund University Diabetes Center, Lund University, Lund, Sweden..
    Bergström, Göran
    Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Clinical Physiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Lind, Lars
    Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Engström, Gunnar
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden..
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Division of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden..
    Kennedy, Beatrice
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Orho-Melander, Marju
    Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden..
    Fall, Tove
    Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Accelerometer-based physical activity is associated with the gut microbiota in 8416 individuals in SCAPIS.2024In: EBioMedicine, E-ISSN 2352-3964, Vol. 100, article id 104989Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Previous population-based studies investigating the relationship between physical activity and the gut microbiota have relied on self-reported activity, prone to reporting bias. Here, we investigated the associations of accelerometer-based sedentary (SED), moderate-intensity (MPA), and vigorous-intensity (VPA) physical activity with the gut microbiota using cross-sectional data from the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study.

    METHODS: In 8416 participants aged 50-65, time in SED, MPA, and VPA were estimated with hip-worn accelerometer. Gut microbiota was profiled using shotgun metagenomics of faecal samples. We applied multivariable regression models, adjusting for sociodemographic, lifestyle, and technical covariates, and accounted for multiple testing.

    FINDINGS: Overall, associations between time in SED and microbiota species abundance were in opposite direction to those for MPA or VPA. For example, MPA was associated with lower, while SED with higher abundance of Escherichia coli. MPA and VPA were associated with higher abundance of the butyrate-producers Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Roseburia spp. We observed discrepancies between specific VPA and MPA associations, such as a positive association between MPA and Prevotella copri, while no association was detected for VPA. Additionally, SED, MPA and VPA were associated with the functional potential of the microbiome. For instance, MPA was associated with higher capacity for acetate synthesis and SED with lower carbohydrate degradation capacity.

    INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggest that sedentary and physical activity are associated with a similar set of gut microbiota species but in opposite directions. Furthermore, the intensity of physical activity may have specific effects on certain gut microbiota species.

    FUNDING: European Research Council, Swedish Heart-Lung Foundation, Swedish Research Council, Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation.

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  • Oscarson, Kristin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Brorsson, Sofia
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Fotbollstränares personlighet: En jämförelse mellan kön, utbildningsnivå och tränaruppdrag utifrån femfaktorteorin2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of the study was to examine personality traits of football coaches in Stockholm. The selected personality theory was Big Five Inventory (BFI). The study also compares the gender differences between men and women, if it exists any relationship between education level and personality or if it exists any relationship between coaching assignments and personality. The Big Five Factor model is a personality theory that describes a personality with five traits; extraversion, openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness and neuroticism. 

     

    Method

    A deductive quantitative survey was used as method. The survey consisted of background questions about the participants as a coach and a Swedish translation of the Big Five Inventory. The survey was sent out at two times and was directed to teams that played in the highest division of their age in season 2022/2023. 50 persons participated in the test. The survey was organized in Sunet Survey and the data was analyzed in Jamovi with Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Post Hoc. 

     

    Results

    Football coaches in Stockholm had high scores in conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion, but low scores in neuroticism. The statistical analyses resulted in higher values of neuroticism for women, in comparison with men (p=0,01), and that neuroticism correlates with education level (p=0,012). Soccer coaches with different coaching assignments did also show a result where no significant correlations were found related to the coaches personalities. Coaching assignments categorized by age and level resulted in a significant correlation with conscientiousness (p=0,05). Teams with an elite preparatory environment scored higher in mean value on conscientiousness.

     

    Conclusion

    The result shows that there exist differences between men and women based on BFI, where female coaches scored higher in neuroticism. Both men and women had high scores in extraversion, which also indicates some similarities between gender. The study also concludes that neuroticism correlates with educational level and that conscientiousness probably is an important trait for a successful soccer coach. 

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  • Mattsson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Herminge, Astrid
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Idrottsundervisning på språkintroduktionsprogrammet: En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares upplevelser av att undervisa nyanlända elever2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study deals with teachers' experiences and perceptions of physical education for newly arrived students at the language introduction programme. The study's questions deal with what the teachers see as central to the teaching of physical education and health at language introduction, as well as what challenges and opportunities they highlight in relation to the teaching. To answer the questions, data has been collected through semi-structured interviews with six different teachers who teach physical education and health at the language introduction programme. The material was processed with inspiration from the six phases in Braun & Clarke's (2006) guide for thematic analysis. In the analysis, Larsson's (2012) sociocultural perspective on movement has been used as a theoretical framework to understand the new context for movement that teaching constitutes, as well as how previous contexts for movement have shaped the students. As an even more relationship-oriented complement to Larsson's (2012) perspective, Aspelin & Persson's (2011) relational pedagogy has guided the understanding of the teachers' approach to students, and the social processes that arise in teaching. The results of the study show that relationships between teacher and student are central to the teaching of sports and health in the language introduction programme. Another central aspect, which is described as characterizing for the specific teaching context, is the heterogeneity of the student groups. The heterogeneity is made visible through different conditions, needs and goals as well as a great variation in the students' school background: everything from a stable school background to no experience at all. Against the background of this heterogeneity, the teachers also highlight how a central challenge places itself within a subject-specific category: the newly arrived students' varying experiences of movement. The result shows an effort by the teachers to create a teaching environment in which the students are not afraid to fail, and which is characterized by a distinction between performance and individual. The results also show that the students' multilingualism is seen as an important asset by the teachers, regarding how the students help each other in order to understand what the teachers convey.

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  • Murray, Conor
    et al.
    Ulster University-Belfast Campus, Belfast, UK.
    Coyle, Brendan
    Ulster University-Belfast Campus, Belfast, UK.
    Morgan, Haydyn
    University of Bath, Bath, UK..
    Marder, Ian
    Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland..
    Woods, David
    Ulster University-Belfast Campus, Belfast, UK..
    Haughey, Tandy
    Ulster University-Belfast Campus, Belfast, UK..
    Maycock, Matthew
    University of Dundee, Dundee, UK ; Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia..
    Genovesi, Federico
    Ulster University-Belfast Campus, Belfast, UK..
    Meek, Rosie
    Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, UK..
    Parker, Andrew
    University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, UK.
    Smith, Andy
    Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK.
    Kay, Chris
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
    Brink, Gerko
    Nederlandse Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie, Den Haag, The Netherlands..
    Rovers, Hubert
    European Football for Development Network, Breda, The Netherlands..
    Haudenhuyse, Rein
    HOGENT University of Applied Sciences, Gent, Belgium..
    Roe, Daniel
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Contreras-Osorio, Falonn
    Donohue, Brad
    Bohall, Greg
    Martinez, Nagore
    Martos-Garcia, Daniel
    Whitley, Meredith
    Norman, Mark
    Demalija, Rifat
    Sherry, Emma
    Chitsawang, Nathee
    Adebayo Aderonmu, Kehinde
    Breslin, Gavin
    Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK..
    International consensus statement on the design, delivery and evaluation of sport-based interventions aimed at promoting social, psychological and physical well-being in prison2024In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 14, no 1, article id e075792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To develop an international consensus statement to advise on designing, delivering and evaluating sport-based interventions (SBIs) aimed at promoting social, psychological and physical well-being in prison.

    Design: Modified Delphi using two rounds of survey questionnaires and two consensus workshops.

    Participants: A multidisciplinary panel of more than 40 experts from 15 international jurisdictions was formed, including representation from the following groups and stakeholders: professionals working in the justice system; officials from sport federations and organisations; academics with research experience of prisons, secure forensic mental health settings and SBIs; and policy-makers in criminal justice and sport.

    Results: A core research team and advisory board developed the initial rationale, statement and survey. This survey produced qualitative data which was analysed thematically. The findings were presented at an in-person workshop. Panellists discussed the findings, and, using a modified nominal group technique, reached a consensus on objectives to be included in a revised statement. The core research team and advisory board revised the statement and recirculated it with a second survey. Findings from the second survey were discussed at a second, virtual, workshop. The core research team and advisory board further revised the consensus statement and recirculated it asking panellists for further comments. This iterative process resulted in seven final statement items; all participants have confirmed that they agreed with the content, objectives and recommendations of the final statement.

    Conclusions: The statement can be used to assist those that design, deliver and evaluate SBIs by providing guidance on: (1) minimum levels of competence for those designing and delivering SBIs; (2) the design and delivery of inclusive programmes prioritising disadvantaged groups; and (3) evaluation measures which are carefully calibrated both to capture proposed programme outcomes and to advance an understanding of the systems, processes and experiences of sport engagement in prison.

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  • Karis, Elsa
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Andersson, Sanna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    "Lärare läser betygskriterier och kursplaner som djävulen läser bibeln eller… typ.”: en kvalitativ intervjustudie med sju gymnasielärare om momentet ergonomi i ämnet idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers work with ergonomics at the upper secondary school in the subject of sports and health. The study intends to answer the following questions:

    - How are the ergonomic elements in the curriculum documents interpreted by upper secondary school teachers?

    - How do upper secondary school teachers work with ergonomics in the subject of sports and health?

    - What opportunities and limitations do upper secondary school teachers experience when teaching ergonomics?

    Based on the curriculum theory and framework theory, this research investigates how seven qualified teachers structure their teaching concerning the ergonomics component in Course 1 of physical and health education at the upper secondary school level. The study employs a qualitative approach, utilizing interviews as the method of investigation. The interviews were conducted digitally using video conferencing programs. After the collection of the material, thematic analysis was applied to the analysis process.  

    The study's findings reveal that participants have diverse interpretations of the curriculum documents, resulting in varied approaches to their ergonomics instruction. Participants engage in both practical and theoretical aspects of ergonomics teaching, adapting their instruction to accommodate students' upper secondary school programs. Further emerges several opportunities and challenges influencing the teaching of ergonomics in physical and health education. The results indicate that while all participants acknowledge the significance of the component, it is not prioritized. It also appears that the element of ergonomics in teacher training was deficient.   

    The study's conclusions are that the curriculum documents are perceived to include a space for interpretation that shows the possibility of designing the teaching in a varied way. A challenge that is highlighted is to motivate the students in the section and we believe that further research in the area could benefit future teaching in the section on ergonomics. We also believe that a development of the ergonomics aspect of teacher training could have contributed to ergonomics being a higher priority in teaching.

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  • Degirmenci, Adnan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Holmgren Celander, Sebastian
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Digitala medier och lärande: En kvalitativ studie om lärares upplevelser av digitala medier i skolan kopplat till elevers lärande2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and research questions: The purpose of the study is to investigate how digitization has affected the learning of students from a teacher’s perspective and their experiences. The study examines pros and cons as well opportunities and challenges with digital media.

    - How does digital media affect student learning according to teachers?

    - How do teachers perceive/describe their opportunity for continuing education with digital media?

    Method: The method includes qualitative interviews with teachers, which provide insights into the use of digital media in teaching and its impact on student learning. 

    Results: The results demonstrate the effectiveness of digital tools in education and highlight their role in improving engagement and learning effectiveness. The study emphasizes the importance of strategic implementation of digital media in the education sector and suggests continuous development of digital competence among teachers. 

    Conclusion: The conclusion underlines the transformative potential of digital media in modern teaching methods, where both benefits and challenges are balanced

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  • Henricsson, Hampus
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Minton, Ludde
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Så här sjöar och sånt där, eller räknas det som friluftsliv?: En kvalitativ undersökning utifrån elevers perspektiv på friluftsliv2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and research questions

    The purpose is to examine how students in 9th grade perceive friluftsliv as a phenomenon andas a subject in school. Furthermore, the study aims to explore the factors influencing theseperceptions and students' relationship with friluftsliv.

    •  What is friluftsliv from the perspective of students?
    •  How do students perceive the accessibility of various forms of friluftsliv?
    •  How do students experience school education about friluftsliv?

    Method

    The method involves a qualitative research design with a phenomenological approach, where 12 students from three different schools were interviewed. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and processed using a thematic analysis. The analysis of the collected data wasbased on the study's research questions and related to previous research, as well as Bourdieu'sconcept of habitus and Engström's practices, which were used as a theoretical framework.

    Results

    The results indicate that students have different perspectives on friluftsliv, with varying experiences and preferences. Students perceive the accessibility to friluftsliv as good, but the results paint a more complex picture where several obstacles are mentioned. In school,students perceive that they learn about orienteering and other traditional activities of friluftsliv.

    Conclusion

    Students experience difficulties in defining the phenomenon of friluftsliv, and the concept isoften reduced to physical activity and sports. In school, students perceive that they primarily encounter activity-based activities dominated by orienteering. The conclusion drawn is that these varying perceptions and relationships with friluftsliv can be explained bysocioeconomic, cultural, social, and knowledge-related factors, as well as in adequate schooleducation.  

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  • Moskowicz, Jonatan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Österlund, Karolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Hur mår egentligen idrottsläraryrket?: En kvalitativ studie om hur yrkets status framställs i dagstidningar åren 2013-20232024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and research questions

    The study aimed to investigate how the profession of physical education teaching is portrayed in newspapers and its subsequent influence on the status of the profession. The research questions were: 1) How are the functions of the physical education teaching profession portrayed in Swedish newspapers?, 2) What positive and negative connotations are associated with the physical education teaching profession?, 3)What changes in the profession of physical education teacher and its status emerge in the material over time?

    Theory and method

    The paper employed a qualitative, discourse-analytical method, selecting 65 articles from various Swedish newspapers as empirical material. The methodology was based on Peter Svensson's (2019) five-step model, aiming to identify categories and themes constructed by the regular and common features of the found attributes in the empirical data.

    Results

    Four main discourses and five sub-discourses emerged, illuminating the functions of the physical education teaching profession and its impact on professional status. Linked to the profession's functions, a discourse on health promotion highlighted tasks such as fostering students' lifelong physical activity and aiding academic performance. Regarding professional status, discourses covered the profession's importance and rewards, a negative work environment, and the subject's marginalization compared to others. Negative attributes, especially regarding professional status, were prominent. Changes over time indicated declining student fitness affecting the profession, reduced teacher authority, and lower salaries. A shift from competition to a greater focus on health in teaching was also observed.

    Conclusion

    In summary, newspaper articles and teachers' communication through them influence how society perceives the physical education teaching profession. The results also suggest a connection between the content of newspaper articles, public interest, and the historical context and its events. The construction of professional status has involved both positive and negative representations which can influence the status of the profession.

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  • Ahlström, Johan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Spring, Johanna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    "Antingen är idrotten succé eller katastrof": En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares utmaningar med elever med NPF-anpassningar2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and Research Questions: The purpose of the essay is to examine how well teachers in primary schools perceive that the education they have received has provided them with the prerequisites to meet students with neurodevelopmental disorders (NPF) in primary education.The study also aims to investigate the specific practices they employ and the professional development they have undertaken in connection to neurodevelopmental disorders. The research addresses three main questions:

    - What experiences and challenges do physical education and health teachers face when working with adaptations for students with neurodevelopmental disorders?

    - How do teachers perceive the education they have received in this area?

    - How do teachers experience their access to support and professional development opportunities?"

    Method: Employing a qualitative approach, the authors conducted interviews with five physicaleducation teachers, each with diverse professional backgrounds but sharing a common graduation from the Gymnastics and Sports University. Thematic content analysis was applied to process the gathered data.

    Results: The teachers' efforts in NPF adaptations are influenced by challenges such as ademanding environment and time constraints. Issues with facilities, scheduling, and maintenanceimpact students' engagement. Despite limited time, teachers stress the importance of allocating time for adaptations and express a desire for more planning time. Regarding teacher education, aunanimous perception emerges of in adequate knowledge about NPF diagnoses from the Gymnastics and Sports University, which predominantly focuses on physical disabilities. The availability of professional development and additional education varies based on the interest andsupport from school leadership. Networking and knowledge exchange with other schools and colleagues are seen as valuable in addressing challenges. In summary, teachers' experiences highlight the need for resources, time, and education to establish an inclusive learningenvironment for students with NPF diagnoses.

    Conclusion: Teachers encounter deficiencies in education related to Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NPF) and face challenges in accessing relevant professional development. Time constraints and financial barriers impact their knowledge acquisition. Insufficient support,particularly concerning time and adapted environments, hinders their ability to assist students with NPF. Enhancing relationship education, increasing accessibility to professional development, andactive support from schools can promote an inclusive learning environment for students with NPF diagnoses.

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    Antingen är idrotten succé eller katastrof - Ahlström och Spring
  • Nikseresht, Babak
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Kupari, Joakim
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Fotbollens potentiella fördelar i Idrott och Hälsa: En kvalitativ undersökning av användningen av fotboll i idrottsundervisningen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate and contribute to an increased understanding of how physicaleducation teachers view the use of football in teaching and its impact on the personaldevelopment of young people, as well as discuss how this understanding can be relevant to the teaching profession. Based on the purpose of the study, the following research questionsare answered: How do teachers view the use of football in the subject of physical education? And in what ways do teachers believe that football as a chosen activity in physical educationcan affect young people's personal development?

    The choice of method for this study is based on a qualitative approach. The respondents inthis study are five physical education teachers who work with children and young people ingrades 4–9, these were chosen based on a convenience sample with already established contacts. Data was collected through audio-recorded semi-structured interviews. This wasdone to gain a deeper understanding of the teachers' own experiences and perceptions.

    The results of the study indicate that the teachers see football, as a chosen activity in thesubject of sports and health, as more than just a physical activity. Football is presented as atool with good potential when it comes to working with students' personal development andtheir learning. The result also highlights opportunities and challenges that come with workingwith football in the subject based on the teachers' statements.

    The study's conclusion highlights the importance of teachers being aware of their backgroundand experiences to understand their preconceived notions about football's impact ondevelopment and learning. The results also revealed challenges for physical educationteachers to include all students with soccer as their chosen activity. A possible solution topromote more inclusive education is to actively integrate football with other sports andphysical activities. Creating the conditions for inclusive teaching can create an environmentwhere students with different skills and abilities can thrive and develop.

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  • Gustafsson, Anton
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Eriksson, Patrik
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    ”Så länge jag hade godkända betyg kunde jag träna och tävla”: En kvalitativ studie om möjligheten att kombinera elitidrott med studier och samtidigt ha ett socialt liv2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and questions

    The purpose of the essay is to examine the possibility of combining elite sports with studies and maintaining a social life for those specializing in football and tennis at Swedish upper secondary sport schools.

    ·      How did students at sport upper secondary schools perceive their ability to wholeheartedly pursue excellence in their sport?

    ·      How did students at sport upper secondary schools perceive their opportunities to achieve optimal grades?

    ·      How did students at sport upper secondary schools experience the possibility of maintaining a social life in combination with their commitment to elite sports and studies?

    Theory and method

    The study is based on a holistic theory and an athletic career development model that considers several aspects to safeguard the well-being of individuals. These aspects include athletic, academic, and psychosocial dimensions. The approach is qualitative, and the data collection method involves semi-structured interviews. The data has been thematically analyzed. There are six (6) participants in total, all of whom have attended Swedish sport upper secondary schools specializing in either football or tennis.

    Results

    Participants perceived their time in upper secondary school as peaceful. However, none of the respondents felt they had the opportunity to become professional athletes shortly after graduation, achieve optimal grades, and maintain a well-functioning social life, simultaneously. When participants were students and felt unable to successfully combine these three aspects, they prioritized sports, leading to a downgrading of grades and social life.

    Conclusion

    The study concluded that, at sport upper secondary schools it is not possible to become a professional athlete in soccer/tennis, achieve optimal grades and maintain a successful social life simultaneously.

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  • Svensson, Gustav
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Ramos Lundin, Edvin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Varför fortsätter jag?: En kvalitativ studie med salutogen ansats om varför lärare stannar i professionen.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is aiming to inquire how teachers describe their work situation and what motivates them to stay in the profession. The study also aims to inquire how the teachers themselves describe possible issues in their everyday work and how they handle those problems This was to be done by answering the following research questions:

    - What creates meaningfulness for teachers?

    - What creates manageability for teachers?

    - How does teachers describe comprehensibility regarding the teacher profession?

    The study has a qualitative methodological approach, and the data was collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with six different teachers. The data was then analysed by using a thematic text analysis. The theoretical framework for this study was the Salutogenic theory by Aaron Antonovsky. 

    Our most important findings in the study were that our respondents express that the student meeting is central for their internal-motivation. This motivation leads them to want to develop an understanding for their students and their own work situation. This understanding in turn leads the respondents to develop functional strategies for dealing with different scenarios and stress in the school environment.

    The conclusions of this study were that it seems as if it is the teacher’s motivation, both internal and external motivation, that dictates how much energy the teacher find it worth putting into understanding their own work situation and their students. This understanding leads to the teachers with time develop tools to handle their everyday life as a teacher and they therefore choose to stay in the profession.

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  • Rosshagen, Simon
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Söderquist, Karl-Viktor
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    “Det finns ju hallar och det finns ju hallar…”: Idrottslärares upplevelser om att bedriva en likvärdig undervisning utifrån skilda materiella förutsättningar.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and questions: The purpose of the study is to analyze physical education teachers' experiences of teaching with varying material conditions. Additionally, the study aims to explore how various material conditions are managed to ensure equivalent education.

    - What different material conditions do teachers in physical education perceive in their teaching?

    - How do the different conditions linked to facilities and equipment affect and manage the teaching in physical education?

    - What challenges and success factors do the physical education teachers feel exist, to maintain an equivalent education? 

    Method: To gain insight into physical education teachers' experiences of how the material conditions affect teaching, an in-depth interview study has been carried out. The use of a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews allows for follow-up questions, providing a comprehensive understanding of the respondents' experiences. The selection consists of five physical education teachers from different primary schools in the Stockholm area. The material from previous research and the results of the study are analyzed using curriculum theory. 

    Results: The results show that there are large differences in material conditions, which places demands on the physical education teacher to adapt the teaching. The management largely involves relating to the curriculum and realizing the content based on the assets that are available. The differences in access to material conditions necessitate adjustments by physical education teachers, involving considerations such as determining which elements can be effectively taught. The varied conditions are perceived as a problem that should be dealt with by equalizing resource assets where Sweden's schools should be allocated funds to ensure consistent conditions to conduct the equivalent education. In the current situation, the different material conditions require collegial cooperation. Collegiality involves collaborating with colleagues within one's own workplace as well as with stuff from other schools to collectively work towards achieving equal education for all pupils in the country.

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  • Kilander, Anton
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Lindström, Robin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Varför får inte mitt barn spela?: Hur relationen mellan tränare och föräldrar påverkar ungdomarna2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study is to investigate what the relationship between parents and coaches looks like, as well as how it affects the athletes in their sports and schooling. A number of studies indicate that the relationship is somewhat poor and conflict rich. Which is a big problem, as many of those in these environments are children. But how true is this, how does it affect the environment that young athletes stay in. As future physical education teachers and NIU coaches, what lessons can we learn from the study. The study shall answer the following questions. How big is the extent of conflicts in children's and youth sports (within individuals and teams) in Stockholm? Are there differences in the occurrence of conflicts in different sports (individual and team)? Are there differences in the athletes' perceived stress and the occurrence of stress?

     

    Method

    The study is based on a quantitative methodology, more specifically a quantitative survey study. The study is based on existing research, which contains children's stress at school and conflicts within various club sports, to see if it is a consistent problem, or something that can be associated with a single sport. 73 choose to participate in the study and the distribution was 33 athletes, 24 parents and 16 coaches. We just the theoretical framework positive youth development for the Analys and for a foundation for the discussion.

    Results

    The result shows that the majority of both parents and coaches feel that there is a lack of communication between the parties. Furthermore, the coaches describe how they end up in conflicts with parents to a greater extent than the other way around. The athletes' results showed that the majority experience their sport as stressful in between, which is something that also affects them at school.

     

    Conclusion

    All together, we can see that conflicts arise frequently in sports, and that the relationship between parents and coaches is sometimes poor. Out of all the athletes, the majority believe that their participation in sports affects their schooling and in turn creates stress.

     

    Keywords: Coaches, Parents, Youth sports, Childrens development, conflicts

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  • Bäckman, Maja
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Enderin, Caroline
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Att arbeta med yoga och mindfulness i undervisningen: en kvalitativ intervjustudie med sex lärare i idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how PE teachers teach yoga and mindfulness. As well as the opportunities and obstacles related to teaching yoga and mindfulness.The following questions have been studied:

    What do the teachers highlight as important when designing their lessons in yoga and mindfulness? What advantages and disadvantages do the teachers see with teaching yoga and mindfulness? What should be kept in mind when teaching yoga and mindfulness?

    The study used a qualitative method with semi-structured interviews. Six physical education teachers from five different schools in Sweden where interviewed. For analysis of the material, a thematic analysis was used where different themes from the interviews were compiled in the result based on the study's questions. The study was based partly on a Salutogenic perspective and partly on a Phenomenographic perspective.

    The teachers had a positive view of yoga and mindfulness in education. It was considered beneficial for the students’ stress levels, physical and mental training, sleep and ability to concentrate. Some challenges could be that the education plan does not provide sufficient time for yoga and mindfulness and lacks clarity for this topic. Additionally, it can be difficult for students to relax and to get in touch with one's feelings. The connection to religion should also be considered. It could be practiced in different ways, longer or shorter exercises, with the teacher or external instructors and in school or in nature. Security, individuality and less demands are also points that the teachers believe improve the lessons.

    The study shows that yoga and mindfulness can be beneficial methods to use. The implementation of yoga and mindfulness in the lesson content can contribute to several advantages for the students, even though there are a few challenges that need to be worked on. The teaching can be designed according to what suits the student group and the teacher should strive to create a safe climate where individuality should be encouraged and where there should be no pressure and demands.

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  • Potter, Hannah
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Hillgren, Nicholas
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Tävlingsinslag inom skolidrotten: En intervjustudie om idrottslärares syn på tävlingsinslag i undervisningen2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers in physical education for pupils in 4th to 9th grade in Swedish elementary school view of using competition elements in their teaching. The questioning is: “How do teachers in physical education justify the use ofcompetition elements in physical education as a pedagogical tool?” and “How do physical education teachers view creating learning with the help of competitive elements?”.

    Method

    This study is a qualitative study based on semistructured interview questions to fulfill thestudys aim as closely as possible. The theoretical starting points on which the study is basedare the four A’s linked to competition and the ethical perspective on learning.

    Results

    The results of the study showed that the participating physical education teachers had different points of view when it came to competitive elements in their teaching and believed that the most important responsibility lies with the pedagogue, that if competitive elementsare to occur in the teaching, this must be done in a way that is adapted to the student groupyou teach as a physical education teacher.

    Conclusion

    The physical education teachers reasoned that competitive elements can be used as apedagogical tool where full responsibility lies with the teaching pedagogue. If the pedagogue knows its student groups, the teaching can be adapted to the group’s needs.

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  • Abily, Khalil Michael
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Selenius, Gordon
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    "Om man inte vill att eleverna ska hålla på med sånt skit måste man förmedla riskerna med preparaten": En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare i idrott och hälsa bedriver och planerar lektioner som berör droger och dopningspreparat2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    This study aims to examine how physical education teachers plan and implement lessons about drugs and doping substances in high school.

    Research Questions

    1. What approaches do physical education teachers use to highlight the effects of drugs and doping substances?
    2. What conditions, challenges, and opportunities do physical education teachers see in teaching about drugs and doping substances?
    3. How do physical education teachers perceive their subject-didactic competence regarding drugs and doping?

    Theory and Method

    The study is based on didactic theory in general and the didactic triangle in particular, as well as a sociocultural perspective. A qualitative approach is used, employing thematic analysis of interviews with six physical education teachers.

    Results

    Findings reveal diverse pedagogical approaches, including teacher-centered and student-centered methods, and the use of various materials like films, images, and podcasts. Teachers expressed a general lack of subject-didactic competence and felt unprepared in teaching about drugs and doping, highlighting the need for more focused teacher education on these topics.

    Conclusions

    The study concludes that physical education teachers face significant challenges in effectively teaching about drugs and doping. There is a need for improved teacher training and resources to enhance subject-didactic competence. Further research is recommended to explore student perspectives and the impact of various teaching methods on student learning and attitudes.

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  • Najafi, Dana
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Ludvig, Ruocco
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Diabetes typ lätt?: En kvalitativ studie om lärares upplevelse av hanteringen av elever med diabetes typ 1 i undervisningen av ämnet idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and Research Questions 

    The purpose of this study is to examine teachers' experiences of working with pupils with type 1 diabetes (referred to hereafter as T1D) in physical education classes. To answer the purpose of the study three questions were used:

    How do teachers experience work with students with T1D?How do teachers speak about their perceived conditions for working with students with T1D?How do teachers speak about their didactic choices for managing students with T1D? Method 

    This study uses a qualitative interview method with a semi structured form to answer the research questions of the study. To analyse the empirical data, a thematic analysis form was adapted. The empirical data were then further compared with selected theoretical concepts from Ramfaktorteorin and Self-efficacy. The selected concepts were: “innre ramar”, “yttre ramar”, “mastery of experience, vicarious” “experiences”, “verbal persuasion”, “physiological and affective states”.

    Result

    The teachers in physical education and health who participated in the study indicated several external frameworks (‘yttre ramar’) that directly influenced the internal frameworks (‘inre ramar’) in working with students with T1D, that had significance in their perceived ability to create a safe environment and mediate self-efficacy. The results of the study identify that the teachers participating consider university education regarding T1D as insufficient, and as a result, this hinders the conditions of working in schools. The teachers also describe the importance of building relationships with students and creating a safe environment to enable didactic ways to handle students with T1D.

    Conclusion

    This study leads to the conclusion that the experience of working with students with type 1 diabetes is multifaceted. It is possible to identify two main conclusions from the statements of the teachers participating, which are:

    1.     The education regarding T1D at the university should be reconsidered and, in the future, be more reality-based to provide physical education and health teachers better conditions for handling students with T1D.

    2.     To create self-efficacy in students with T1D, a better university education and more specific continuing education regarding the diagnosis is crucial. Schools should not depend on teachers' own experiences but rather offer an equal continuing education regarding the diagnosis.

     

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  • Jansson Forsman, Elise
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Jahjah, Lucas
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Att skapa livslång hälsa: En kvalitativ studie om hur gymnasielärare arbetar med hälsa i ämnet idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and Research Questions

    The aim of this study is to investigate how teachers in Physical Education (P.E.) convey and consolidate practical knowledge in students with the aim of creating lifelong health. The study´s research questions: How do secondary school teachers work practically with Health in P.E. And how are the practical lessons about health assessed in P.E.?

    Theory and Method

    The study has a qualitative approach, with semi-structured interviews as data collection method where the interview guide was created based on the theory learning by doing and the concept of healthying. The selection was made through a convenience selection where five certified teachers in P.E. participated with between 18-42 years of teaching experience. Four of the interviews were conducted at the participants’ workplace and one interview was conducted over Zoom. The transcribed data have been analyzed through a thematic analysis following six steps.

    Results

     The result of this study showcases that health education tend to focus on physical health through cardio and strength. The psychological health is mainly educated theoretically through written and verbal reflections about the correlation between physical activities and psychological, but it can also be taught practically through yoga, mental training, and mindfulness. Social health is taught through collaborative exercises to get the student group closer together but can also be taught trough games and dance. The teachers have the aim to educate practically about health, however big parts about health education are taught theoretically to handle lack of time, unclear and pathogen syllabus and assessment difficulties. The grading in health is made through formative assessment where the students are given multiple occasions to improve and show their abilities over a long period of time, and the examination format varies. When assessing, the focus is to assess students’ understanding and comprehensibility of health and not to conducting tests to assess their health status.

    Conclusion

    All the teachers view the subject P.E. as practical where they strongly believe that lifelong health creates through experienced-based teaching. Their view on health is reflected on the design of their lessons, given the ambiguities of the curriculum. To achieve lifelong health requires an understanding that is created over time and therefore the teachers believe that formative assessment contributes to this

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  • Atmaca, Rezan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Lindemark, Johannes
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Tävla i bollspel?: En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares attityd till tävling i bollspel i sin undervisning på högstadiet2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate attitudes to competition in ball gamesamong physical education teachers at junior high school. The study's questions are:

    1. What attitude(s) do physical education teachers at junior high school have in theapplication of competitive elements in their own teaching of ball games?

    2. What do physical education teachers at junior high school think that competition inball games could possibly be included in the curriculum in sports and health?

    Method

    This study has been carried out with a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews.The sample consisted of six professional physical education teachers at junior high school inthe Stockholm area, of which three were women and three were men. Their answers weretranscribed and analyzed through a phenomenological analysis also called IPA (interpretivephenomenological analysis), which is adequate for interpreting qualitative results.

    Results

    The results show that some teachers believe that competition motivates and engages students,while others see negative effects such as arguments and a focus on winning instead. Teachingtime in ball games among teachers varies, and opinions on integrating competitive elementsinto the curriculum are divided, with some teachers believing in positive impacts and otherspreferring flexibility in teaching.

    Conclusion

    The study shows that physical education teachers at junior high school have varying attitudestowards competitive moments in ball games. Some teachers believe that competition is anatural part of teaching and is a positive lesson for students, while others prefer to avoid it toavoid negative effects. Despite the awareness of risks, the teachers see competition as apositive tool for motivation and interaction. Implementing competition in the curriculumwould lead to different approaches among teachers. Overall, the study shows a complexity inthe teachers' view of competitive elements in ball game teaching.Keywords: Competition, ball game teaching, physical education teachers, junior high school,attitude

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  • Lindersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Smedberg, Willy
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    "Det är stort, det handlar om hela skolan, det handlar om alla elever": En kvalitativ undersökning om idrott- och hälsalärares upplevelse av undervisning i sexualitet, samtycke och relationer2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to examine how teachers in physical education work with sexuality, consent and relationships in their teaching, also how they experienced working with it. The research questions that this study aim to answer is: 1) How do the teachers describe their experiences working with sexuality, consent and relationships if it appears in their teaching? 2) How do the teachers describe that they work with sexuality, consent and relationships, if it appears in their teaching? 3) How do the teachers describe that they work with consent, if it appears in their teaching?

    Theory and method

    The study has been carried out using a qualitative method where the data was collected through semi-structured interviews. The selection consisted of five licensed teachers in physical education. The interview data has been analyzed using thematic analysis. The theory that has been used is curriculum theory and its three arenas: the formulation arena, the transformation arena and the realization arena.

    Results

    The result can be summarized in three parts. The teachers' experiences of teaching sexuality, consent and relationships are being described as based on security and they wish for further education to increase the security. The teachers' work around sexuality, consent and relationships has mainly been about catching questions when they appear. In different ways did the teachers reason about body contact in the teaching of physical education, however, all teachers agreed that body contact comes with challenges such as bringing up the students, consent, or the feelings of discomfort among the students.

    Conclusions

    After the completion of the study, it is visible that there is room for development regarding how sexuality, consent and relationships can be actively integrated into the teaching of physical education and not only through catching questions when they appear. The various curriculum arenas affect the teachers and their teaching in several ways, but in order for sexuality, consent and relationships to be addressed in lesson plans, it needs to be prioritized more in all three arenas.

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  • Könberg, Gustaf
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Trojmar, Viktor
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Gymnasieelevers motivation & betyg: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet, och könsskillnaderna mellan motivationstyp och betygsambitioner i idrott & hälsa.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim & hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between motivation type and grade ambitions in high school students in the subject of physical education. As well as analyzing any differences between genders regarding both motivation type and level of grade ambition.

    - Hypothesis 1: There is a positive correlation between autonomous motivation and high grade ambitions

    - Hypothesis 2: There is a difference between genders where boys respond with a higher degree of autonomous motivation and girls with a higher degree of controlled andamotivation.

    Theory & method: The study was based on the motivation theory Self-determination theory.A quantitative approach was chosen where the data collection consisted of a web survey thatwas divided into two parts. One part dealt with background questions and grades, and theother part measured motivation. The study's participants consisted of 191 high schoolstudents in Stockholm County who were taking the course “idrott och hälsa 1” at the time of participation (58 boys, 121 girls and twelve others). Analysis of the data was done throughthe correlation tests Pearsons´r, Spearmans´rho and multiple linear regression. Thedifferences between genders were analyzed by independent t-test and Mann-Whitney U test.

    Results: The results showed that there was a positive significant correlation between autonomous motivation and grade ambitions. It also showed that there was a negative significant correlation between amotivation and grade ambitions. There were also significantdifferences between genders, where boys answered with a higher degree of autonomous motivation and girls with a higher degree of controlled and a motivation, and that boys showed higher grade ambitions.

    Conclusions: The conclusions are that it is important to have a high degree of autonomousmotivation to have high grade ambitions in physical education. A high degree of amotivationhas instead been shown to have a negative relationship with grade ambitions in the subject. There are differences between genders regarding both motivation type and level of grade ambition, however, these differences do not seem to drive the relationship between autonomous motivation and grade ambition. Future research could explore methods and strategies to create autonomous motivation in students.

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  • Lomgren, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Welander, Tove
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Idrottslärare på filmduken: En kvalitativ karaktärsanalys och litteraturstudie ur ett genusperspektiv2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and research questions The aim of this study is to investigate how physical education teachers (PE teachers) are portrayed in Swedish films from a gender perspective as well as how these portrayals relate to international representations of PE teachers. The study will answer the following questions:

    - Which characteristics are attributed to male and female PE teachers in Swedish films?

    - What are the differences and similarities between Swedish and American depictions of PE teachers?

    Theory and method The study has a qualitative approach based on the phenomenological method. To answer the research questions, a theoretical character analysis strategy based on five different characterization techniques and a literature study was applied. The data collection was based on a purposive sampling from which eight Swedish films and three American studies regarding portrayals of PE teachers were selected. The theoretical approach of ‘making gender’ was used to interpret and understand the data.

    Results The results show that male PE teachers in Swedish films are portrayed with three distinct characteristics. They are portrayed as creators of security, educators and bullies. Furthermore, the female PE teacher is portrayed as a power-crazed abuser. In the comparison between Swedish and American depictions of PE teachers in films, more differences emerged than similarities. In contrast to the Swedish portrayals, American male PE teachers are portrayed as heterosexual, aggressive and low-intellectual musclemen, whilst the female PE teachers are portrayed as sex objects or butch homosexuals.

    Conclusion Based on the aim of the study, three conclusions are highlighted: 1) male and female PE teachers are portrayed differently in Swedish films, 2) Swedish and American films do not have the same cultural expression regarding PE teachers and 3) Swedish films both broaden and reinforces gender stereotypes through the PE teacher characters. In order to draw more comprehensive conclusions regarding the portrayal of PE teachers in Swedish films, further research is required.

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  • Rosén, Jonathan
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Freeman, Nathan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Friluftslivsundervisning på högstadiet: en enkätstudie om formativ bedömning och ramfaktorer2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and research questions: The aim of the study is to explore how teachers in physicaleducation in lower secondary school teach friluftsliv, which activities that are favoured, as well as how they describe their use of formative assessment in friluftsliv. Furthermore, thestudy aims to analyse frame factors that affect the teaching of friluftsliv and formative assessment in friluftsliv. Which leads to the following research questions; What activities do teachers in physical education in lower secondary school use in the teaching of friluftsliv? How is formative assessment realized in the teaching of friluftsliv? What correlations between frame factors and restricting or enabling of the teaching of- and the use of formative assessment in the teaching of friluftsliv can be identified?

    Theory and method: The study uses frame factor theory to analyse affecting factors for theteaching of- and the use of formative assessment in the teaching of friluftsliv. Dylan Wiliams(2011) definition of- and key strategies for formative assessment were adopted in this study.The study is a mixed-method study that uses a survey as a method of data collection. The studies respondents consisted of 99 lower secondary school teachers in physical education andwere elicited through a total selection.

    Results: The result of the study shows that the teaching of friluftsliv is attributed aconsiderable amount of time and a broad set of activities are favoured with a perceived focuson experiental teaching despite a clear activity-centered education. The use of formative assessment is mainly centered on clarifying learning intentions for students and the use offeedback in education. Frame factors that the study has shown affect the teaching of friluftsliv are support from management and colleagues, financial conditions and time. Formative assessment is affected the most by the formulation of the core content and grading criteria, therespondents’ own knowledge, class size and time for planning.

    Conclusions: The conclusion that the study can draw is that activities and time that are allocated towards the teaching of friluftsliv are dependant on the teacher. Frame factors that affect the teaching are also very dependant on the school and the teacher. The mainconclusion the study can draw is that the use of formative assessment in the teaching offriluftsliv tends to be spontaneous which is problematics since it does not ensure that the students consistently are given formative assessment throughout the education.

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  • Persson Asplund, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Psykologi.
    Dagöö, Jesper
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Fjellström, Ida
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Niemi, Linnea
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Hansson, Katja
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Zeraati, Forough
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Ziuzina, Masha
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Geraedts, Anna
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Ljotsson, Brjann
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholms Univ, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Psykologi.
    Internet-based stress management for distressed managers: results from a randomised controlled trial2018In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1351-0711, E-ISSN 1470-7926, Vol. 75, no 2, p. 105-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective The aim of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the efficacy of a guided internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among distressed managers compared with a attention control group (AC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. Method A total sample of 117 distressed managers, mainly employed in the healthcare, IT, communication and educational sector, were randomised to either iSMI (n=59) or an AC group (n=58). The iSMI consisted of eight modules including cognitive behavioural stress management and positive management techniques. Participants received a minimal and weekly guidance from a psychologist or master-level psychology student focusing on support, feedback and adherence to the intervention. Self-report data were assessed at pre, post and 6 months after the intervention. The primary outcome was perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14). The secondary outcomes included mental and work-related health outcomes. Results Participants in the iSMI intervention reported significantly less symptoms of perceived stress (d=0.74, 95% CI 0.30 to 1.19) and burnout (d=0.95, 95% CI 0.53 to 1.37) compared with controls, at postassessment. Significant medium-to-large effect sizes were also found for depression, insomnia and job satisfaction. Longterm effects (6 months) were seen on the mental health outcomes. Conclusion This is one of the first studies showing that iSMIs can be an effective, accessible and potentially time-effective approach of reducing stress and other mental-related and work-related health symptoms among distressed managers. Future studies are needed addressing distressed managers and the potential of indirect effects on employee stress and satisfaction at work.

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  • Eriksson, Evelina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Alexandra, Meyer
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    För att jag har mens!: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om elevers upplevelser kring mens och lärarbemötande i undervisning i idrott och hälsa.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Numerous women, in various age groups, experience with challenges linked to menstruation. Research suggests that menstruation can impact students' engagement in physical education. The school's core values state that teaching should be adapted to each student's conditions and needs. Aim and research questions: The study aims to explore students' experiences and how menstruation affects their participation in physical education in school. The study intends to answer the following research questions: Is menstruation a factor in students not participating in physical and health education, and what menstruation-related factors do they state as reasons for this? Do students perceive menstruation as a stigmatized topic in relation to physical and health education? How do students perceive the way teachers in physical and health education handle non-participation in PE-lessons due to menstruation? What, if anything, do students request for a more open and secure climate regarding the subject of physical and health education in relation to menstruation? Theory and methodology: The study encompasses 143 middle and high school students aged 15 or older who have experienced menstruation. Grounded in a phenomenological perspective, the study aims to understand students' experiences concerning menstruation and its impact. Employing a quantitative survey approach facilitated by the online tool Google Forms. A pilot study was conducted to refine the survey's design. For analysis, both the statistical program Jamovi and content analysis were utilized. Results: The findings reveal that 23% of students refrain from participating in physical education classes during menstruation. Predominantly, pain is cited as the primary factor, followed by apprehension about leakage. The results suggest that students acknowledge positive aspects in teachers' responses yet underscore a pronounced need for increased comprehension and knowledge regarding menstruation. Furthermore, the study shows that both students and teachers assimilate the stigma surrounding menstruation. Lastly, the study underscores that students predominantly seek adaptions, understanding, and responsiveness from physical education teachers to enhance participation during menstruation. Conclusions: Menstruation is a determining factor in students' non-participation in physical education, with pain and apprehension of leakage constituting the most prevalent menstruation-related challenges. The persisting stigmatization of menstruation remains noteworthy. Students advocate for more extensive adaptions, understanding, and responsiveness from teachers to enhance participation. Beyond shedding light on menstruation and participation in physical education classes, the study also opens up for future research to explore diverse perspectives and aspects associated with menstruation.

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  • Frisk Lindahl, August
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Idh, Björn
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Tävling i undervisningen: En nyckel till motivation eller potentiell exkludering?: en kvalitativ studie om tävlingsmoment i ämnet idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate how teachers in physical education perceive how their teaching affects students' perception of competition and how this perception may vary depending on prior experiences.  

    -       How do teachers in the subject of physical education use competition as a means for students' knowledge development? 

    -       In what way do teachers in the subject of physical education believe that competitive elements in teaching affect students' motivation to participate?  

    Theory and method

    The study drew upon Pierre Bourdieu's concept of habitus and Engström's practices and logics. A qualitative method has been used, and the results were based on semi-structured interviews with six teachers in physical education. The data, recorded interviews, were transcribed and analyzed based on four themes: the use of competition in teaching, level adaption, emotions and attitudes and sport background.  

    Results

    The results indicate that the use of competitive elements varies among teachers. Several try to avoid it, especially if it makes students feel insecure or contributes to unequal conditions. At the same time, the teachers can see the benefits of competitions, such as being a motivating tool. The teachers also discuss whether students who are active in competitive sports during their spare time tend to appreciate competitive elements in school more than those who aren't. 

    Conclusions

    The teachers who participated in this study argued that students' perception of competition varies. Students' motivation is primarily influenced by previous experiences in competitive sports. To ensure that students feel motivated to participate and be given the opportunity to develop their knowledge in the subject, teachers need to adapt instruction based on all students' needs. 

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  • Krstic, Filip
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Rydberg, Adam
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    ”Flertalet av mina elever tar till knogarna som första handling vid en konflikt”: En kvalitativ undersökning om lärares arbete med brottsförebyggande insatser2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate teachers´ work with crime prevention measures within the school context. By exploring and analyzing how teachers perceive and implement these measures, the study aims to provide a deeper understanding of the role and impact of teachers’ contributions to crime prevention efforts.

    Research questions:

    • How can teachers' perceptions of their role in crime prevention efforts be described?
    • What aspects of prevention (both social and situational) permeate teachers' daily work?
    • What challenges and opportunities do teachers perceive in the school's crime prevention efforts?

    Method: The study employs a qualitative approach, utilizing semi-structured interviews toprobe into teachers' perceptions and interpretations of crime prevention methodologies. Control theory, particularly the concept of weakened social bonds as a causative factor for criminal behavior, serves as the theoretical framework.

    Results: The findings highlight that teachers emphasize their role as positive role models in the school's crime prevention initiatives, and underscore the importance of collaboration withother staff. Additionally, the results suggest that teachers' daily activities involve both social and situational prevention, with situational prevention being more prominent in elementary schools.

    Conclusions: The study emphasizes the complexity and nuances in teachers' perceptions oftheir role in crime prevention within schools. It points out the necessity for supportive structures and collaborative strategies for effective crime prevention, reflecting the intricate dynamics of educational institutions as agents of societal change and safety.

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  • Elander, Filippa
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Jonsson, Hanna
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Menstruation… en unik upplevelse!?: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga elevers erfarenhet av menstruation kopplat till ämnet idrott och hälsa2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences of female high school students’menstruation in relation to the subject of physical education, as well as students' experiencesof teachers' responses to menstruation during lessons.

    The following research questions are:1. What are the students' views on menstruation?2. How do the students perceive the impact of menstruation on their participation in physicaleducation?3. How do the students perceive the way teachers address and adapt the teaching in relation tomenstruation?

    Theory and Method: A semi-structured qualitative interview method was applied, involvingseven menstruating women in high school. The study draws inspiration from hermeneutic andphenomenological analysis. Data processing is based on a thematic analysis from which threecategories emerge. The study utilizes curriculum theory.

    Results: The results show that the students have different views on menstruation, bothpositive and negative. These views are shaped by factors such as knowledge and normssurrounding menstruation, as well as their mental and social well-being during menstruation.Knowledge and experience of both students and teachers are found to be very importantduring menstruation, as communication and management by teachers are considered crucialfor student’s participation. The results also show that the students have a positive view onparticipation during menstruation, where the students experience reduced pain and improvedwell-being during and after physical education. Despite this, students do not participateextensively in the subject of physical education and health during menstruation.

    Conclusion: The study shows that the students have different views on menstruation and thatit affects them in various ways both positively and negatively, which is consistent withprevious research. The students experience that movement during menstruation is positive.However, it turns out that the students do not participate in physical education duringmenstruation. This seems to be due to the norm about menstruation that exists in the school,where prejudices and silencing occur, which the students feel that teachers avoid in theircommunication and interaction with the students.

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  • Ehrlich, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Mattsson, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Yoga och mindfulness i skolmiljö: En systematisk litteraturstudie av yogabaserade praktiker som en resurs för elever och lärares välmående.2024Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this literature study is to examine, through existing research, the relationship between yoga-based practices in school and the mental health and well-being of students and teachers in an increasingly stressed and high-performing world. Our questions are: What does research say about yoga-based practices in relation to mental health and well-being in schools in different countries? What methods have been used for research on yoga-based practices and mental health and well-being in schools in different countries? What methods have been used for the implementation of yoga-based practices in schools? In order to achieve the aim and answer our questions, we have chosen to do a systematic literature study. We have used the term Yoga Based Practices (YBP) which refers to various practices, techniques and methods to promote physical mental and spiritual well-being including improved flexibility, strength, mental clarity and stress management. We went through studies that investigated the effects and experiences of YBP on students and teachers in different parts of the world and synthesized the information with Aron Antonovsky's salutogenic perspective where the core concept of SOC (Sense Of Coherence) is used as a theoretical framework. The studies were searched through the Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of science and ERIC databases where we read 36 studies that investigated YBP in school environments, of which 7 were selected for deeper analysis where we did a content analysis and identified different themes. Researchers from different countries have used varying methods of data collection and obtained similar results that show a strong optimism for what YBP can mean for students and teachers in a school environment. At the same time, relevant criticism is raised against the fact that YBP risks being used for the wrong purpose and creating further polarization in the education system. The results show that mainly two methods are used for the implementation of yoga-based practices in schools: integration into the curriculum and external training over a longer period, both with very promising results for the well-being and well-being of students and teachers. We conclude that it indicates a strong relationship between regular practice of yoga-based practices in school and an increase in psychological well-being in both teachers and students. 

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  • Public defence: 2024-03-22 09:00 Aulan, Stockholm
    Andersson, Dan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Exploring Perceptions of Route Environments in Relation to Walking2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every walk takes place in a route environment, which can play an important role in deterring or facilitating walking. The focus of this thesis is on the perceptions of environmental variables, and how they relate to appraisals of route environments as hindering – stimulating for walking and unsafe – safe for reasons of traffic, in two metropolitan environments. Another focus is to expand the state of knowledge concerning the criterion-related validity of the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES).

    Methods: Commuting pedestrians in Greater Stockholm, Sweden, were recruited via advertisements. From the inner urban area there were 294 participants (77% women), aged 49.5 years, and from the suburban areas there were 233 participants (82% women), aged 50.0 years. 77 individuals walked in both areas. The participants evaluated their commuting route environments using the ACRES. Correlation, multiple regression, and mediation analyses were used to explore the relationships between the variables. Comparisons of environmental ratings between groups and settings were performed with t-tests. Studies 1 and 2 focused on the inner urban area and studies 3 and 4 on the suburban areas. Studies 1 and 3 focused exclusively on the relations between the four motorized traffic variables (vehicle speed, vehicle flow, noise, and exhaust fumes), and their relations to the outcome variables (hinders – stimulates walking and unsafe – safe traffic). Studies 2 and 4 utilised proxies from studies 1 and 3 and combined them with other environmental variables to further the understanding of route environmental variables in relation to walking.

    Results: In both areas, aesthetics and greenery were positively related to stimulating walking, whereas noise, a proxy for motorized traffic, was negatively related. Aesthetics was also positively related to unsafe – safe traffic in the inner urban area, whereas greenery had the corresponding role in suburbia. Another important finding was that greenery also influenced aesthetics positively in both areas. Thus, greenery had both a direct and an indirect positive effect. On the other hand, noise influenced aesthetics negatively in the inner urban area, whereas vehicle flow had the corresponding role in suburbia. A number of variables conjointly influenced the outcome unsafe – safe traffic negatively in both areas (speeds of motor vehicles, noise, conflicts, congestion: pedestrians, red lights, and course of the route). The route environment profiles differed distinctly between the two areas.

    Conclusions: Several route environmental variables appear to be particularly influential in relation to pedestrian commuting, e.g., aesthetics, greenery, and noise. An important finding is that both positive and negative interactions, between certain predictor variables, were disclosed. The contrasting route environment profiles in the different settings strengthen the criterion-related validity of the ACRES. The findings expands the state of knowledge concerning the relations between the environment and walking. If implemented, these findings can influence public health positively.

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  • Fjellström, Sanna
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre Mid Sweden University Sundsvall Sweden.
    Hölttä, Jessica
    Department of Health Sciences, Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre Mid Sweden University Sundsvall Sweden.
    Nordström, Anna
    Department of Health Sciences, Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre Mid Sweden University Sundsvall Sweden;School of Sports Science UiT The Arctic University of Norway Tromsø Norway;Department of Medical Sciences Uppsala University Uppsala Sweden.
    Flygare Wallén, Eva
    Karolinska Institutet (KI), Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS) Division of Occupational Therapy Research group Health in Everyday Life among people with neurological Disorders (HELD) Stockholm Sweden;Health and Social Care Administration Municipality of Östersund Östersund Sweden.
    Lund Ohlsson, Marie
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics. Department of Health Sciences, Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre Mid Sweden University Sundsvall Sweden.
    Hansen, Elisabeth
    Department of Health Sciences, Swedish Winter Sport Research Centre Mid Sweden University Sundsvall Sweden;The Faculty of Education and Arts Nord University Bodø Norway.
    Increasing physical activity through an adapted web‐based exercise program for people with intellectual disabilities: Support staff are crucial for feasibility2024In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 37, no 2, article id e13191Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    People with intellectual disabilities are less physically active and suffer from ill-health more than the general population. Support staff play an important role in the person's life. This study aimed to explore the support staff's experiences regarding the feasibility of adapted web-based exercise for people with intellectual disabilities.

    Method

    Participants with intellectual disabilities living in community-based settings were recruited for a web-based exercise study. Eight semi-structured interviews were carried out with their support staff before and after the intervention period.

    Results

    The main theme, ‘Support staff are crucial for feasibility’ encompasses the importance of communication, structure, and motivation in improving physical activity for people with intellectual disabilities.

    Conclusion

    The experiences of support staff, indicate that a web-based exercise program is feasible for the target group, and one way to overcome challenges for PA, where the role of the staff is crucial.

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  • Väisänen, Daniel
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Ekblom, Björn
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
    Wallin, Peter
    Department of Research, HPI Health Profile Institute, Danderyd, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Andersson, Gunnar
    Department of Research, HPI Health Profile Institute, Danderyd, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Reference values for estimated VO2max by two submaximal cycle tests: the Åstrand-test and the Ekblom-Bak test.2024In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: Submaximal tests estimating VO2max have inherent biases; hence, using VO2max estimations from the same test is essential for reducing this bias. This study aimed to establish sex- and age-specific reference values for estimated VO2max using the Åstrand-test (Å-test) and the Ekblom-Bak test (EB-test). We also assessed the effects of age, exercise level, and BMI on VO2max estimations.

    METHODS: We included men and women (20-69 years) from the Swedish working population participating in Health Profile Assessments between 2010 and 2020. Excluding those on heart rate-affecting medicines and smokers, n = 263,374 for the Å-test and n = 95,043 for the EB-test were included. VO2max reference values were based on percentiles 10, 25, 40, 60, 75, and 90 for both sexes across 5-year age groups.

    RESULTS: Estimated absolute and relative VO2max were for men 3.11 L/min and 36.9 mL/min/kg using the Å-test, and 3.58 L/min and 42.4 mL/min/kg using the EB-test. For women, estimated absolute and relative VO2max were 2.48 L/min and 36.6 mL/min/kg using the Å-test, and 2.41 L/min and 35.5 mL/min/kg using the EB-test. Higher age (negative), higher exercise level (positive), and higher BMI (negative) were associated with estimated VO2max using both tests. However, explained variance by exercise on estimated VO2max was low, 10% for the Å-test and 8% for the EB-test, and moderate for BMI, 23% and 29%.

    CONCLUSION: We present reference values for estimated VO2max from two submaximal cycle tests. Age, exercise, and BMI influenced estimated VO2max. These references can be valuable in clinical evaluations using the same submaximal tests.

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  • Waerner, Thérèse
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Thedin Jakobsson, Britta
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Morgan, Karin
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.;National Equestrian Centre Strömsholm and Flyinge, Strömsholm, Sweden..
    Redelius, Karin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Participation Rights in Youth Sport: Voices of Young Swedish Equestrians2024In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Convention on the Rights of the Child states that all children and young people have the right to have a voice in matters concerning them, in accordance with age and maturity. In the endeavour to make youth sport a safe place free from abuse and harassment, it is crucial to ensure that young athletes can exercise their participation rights. Drawing from an online study involving over 550 Swedish young equestrians aged 15–17, the aim was to investigate whether and in what ways young equestrians can make their voices heard. The results show that the possibility to have a voice is conditioned by sociocultural factors such as what type of stable the youths are active in. The results are analysed from ‘The ladder of participation’. In sum, social interaction and access to horses are important conditions for how young equestrians experience the possibility to have a voice.

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  • Engdahl, Christopher
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Indetermination in creative dance: On creative dance teaching in physical education teacher education2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how creative dance in Swedish physical education teacher education (PETE) can be taught and experienced. PETE holds a responsibility to extend preservice teachers’ movement repertoires and plays a crucial role to provide opportunities for the future physical education (PE) teachers to gain experience and knowledge of dance teaching. Creative dance is part of the teaching area of dance in PE and often a new experience for students when entering PETE programs. The research literature is scarce, in a Scandinavian context as well as internationally, about creative dance teaching in PETE. 

    This doctoral project, guided by Deleuzian scholarship, includes three studies, a literature review, an interview study and a pedagogical intervention study. These three studies resulted in one article in the form of an unpublished manuscript and three published articles. The first article, the manuscript, explores how theoretical approaches are used in studies of creative dance teaching in PE and PETE. The second article explores how PE teacher educators describe their teaching of creative aspects of dance in PETE. The third article explores what PETE students express and experience when participating in mirror assignments during creative dance lessons and what insights can be made regarding creative dance teaching. The fourth article explores how human and non-human materialities play a part in movement exploration in creative dance in PETE and pedagogical implications in creative dance teaching.  

    The thesis offers four key insights. The first insight is that PE teacher educators have specific ideas about creative aspects of dance and about teaching creative dance. The second insight is that inspiration from Deleuze’s philosophy can support and extend ideas about teaching mirror assignments in creative dance lessons in PETE. The third insight is that teaching mirror assignments in creative dance lessons in PETE can make students’ expressions and experiences involve indetermination. The fourth insight is that a post-anthropocentric and Deleuzian approach can be seen to extend notions of creative dance teaching in PETE. My thesis shows various ways how teaching can encourage PETE students to engage with a teaching area that can be unfamiliar to them. The pedagogical insights presented in this thesis can support PE teacher educators and PE teachers when considering teaching creative dance.

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    Dissertation Christopher Engdahl (kappa)
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  • Falk, Elin
    Gymnastiska Centralinstitutet, GCI.
    Reseminnen och reformtankar1907Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Intryck från Elin Falks resa i Schweiz, Tyskland och Danmark 1907, där hon studerade hur  gymnastik och kroppsövningar tillämpas. 

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  • Hedlund, Martin
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Adam
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bogdan, Christian
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Meixner, Gerrit
    Heilbronn University, Heilbronn, Germany.
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Matviienko, Andrii
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    BlocklyVR: Exploring Block-based Programming in Virtual Reality2023In: MUM'23: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia / [ed] Florian Michahelles, Pascal Knierim, Jonna Häkkilä, Association for Computing Machinery , 2023, p. 251-263Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As programming is typically a static activity in front of a screen, we perform an initial exploration around the capabilities of block-based programming in the immersive space using Virtual Reality (VR) to make an early charting on how programming could involve moving the programmer's body. We created a block-based programming interface in a VR space called BlocklyVR based on the existing Blockly programming environment. To investigate programmer performance and experience in BlocklyVR, we conducted a controlled lab experiment (N = 20) with eight programming tasks that covered mathematical operations, if-statements, and function creation. Our initial exploration contributes by classifying movement types made by BlocklyVR programmers and reflecting on how these movements are related to the programming tasks. Additionally, our data suggests that participant performance in BlocklyVR was not affected compared to the 2D Blockly, even if participants were physically moving in VR space. We also found that the virtual reality sickness was marginal. Lastly, we identified four types of interaction that can potentially be employed by VR designers and developers aiming to convert a static task, like programming at a desk, into a "mobile"immersive experience. © 2023 Owner/Author.

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  • Ekblom, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Wiklund, Camilla
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Wang, Rui
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Environmental and genetic contributions to device-based measures of physical activity in Swedish 9-year-olds.2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

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  • Lidström, Isak
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Bollspelen i Johannes Schefferus Lappland: Fragment av nordiskt tidigmodernt idrottsliv med utblickar mot Island och de brittiska öarna2023In: Idrott, historia & samhälle, ISSN 0280-2775, p. 70-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sports historians have argued that the type of ball games common in the British Isles, which were practiced by two teams and in which the ball was driven with sticks towards predetermined goals – i.e., hurling, shinty, bandy and hockey – were never played in early modern Sweden. By highlighting descriptions of ballgames in Johannes Schefferus’s The History of Lapland (1674), a source previously ignored by sports historians, this article challenges such a claim. One of the games described by Schefferus has some similarities with the violent stick-and-ball game known in Icelandic sagas as knattleikr. Even greater similarities (such as the start of the game with a face-off and the goals consisting of lines on the short edges) emerge when the game is compared with the Scottish game of shinty. Thus, pre-modern Scandinavia does not appear to have been as isolated in terms of sports and games as has been suggested by Swedish sports historians.

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  • Engdahl, Christopher
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Ceder, Simon
    Konstfack, University of Arts, Crafts and Design, Sweden.
    Exploring Movement in Creative Dance: Introducing ‘Dancemblage’ in Physical Education Teacher Education2023In: Journal for Research in Arts and Sports Education, E-ISSN 2535-2857, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 43-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Materialities play a crucial role in both the educational practice of physical education (PE), and in physical education teacher education (PETE). This article explores how, often unnoticed, materialities, human as well as non-human, play part in movement exploration in creative dance in PETE. The methodological point of departure is a pedagogical unit in creative dance enacted as part of an optional dance course in a Swedish PETE program where movement exploration was studied. In the unit, students and a teacher collaboratively explored movement and movement assignments, including the use of materialities. In order to understand how materialities ‘co-act’ in movement exploration during class, this article provides a post-anthropocentric and Deleuzian approach. The concept dancemblage is introduced both as a way to analyse materiality and as something to work with in pedagogical practice. Moreover, the article suggests that by recognising dancemblages in creative dance teaching, teachers can be given a tool to further learn about learners’ explorations and to become open to divergent understandings about what it means to participate in creative dance

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  • Eriksson, Adam
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Positional differences of physical peak intense periods in Swedish elite football: A pilot study of under 19 and first team players2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The present study aimed to investigate differences in physical external load during the most intense period (MIP) of match play for youth and senior player and to indentify possible differences between positions and halves, with multivariate parameters. Method: A quantitative retrospective study was applied, players from a senior team playing in the highest division in Sweden participated in the study as well as football players from a youth elite team from the same club playing in the second highest division for the age group. Physical external load was measured using Global Positioning System (GPS). MIP was analyzed based on players' initial tactical position and using multivariate parameters. Rolling averages were used to analyze 1-min MIP.Results: SEN covered significantly longer distances during the most intense 1-min period of the match compared to U19 (SEN 140 ± 22,3 m; U19 120 ± 24,1 m, p < 0.001). When comparing between positions, SEN-Lateral covers longer distances than U19-Lateral during the most intense 1-minute period of the MIPk (135 ± 23.5 m vs 104 ± 40.3 m, p = 0.015).Conclusions: In conclusion, this study confirms a difference in the most intense 1-minute period for senior and youth players for MIPk. The study shows that senior players positioned laterally on the pitch cover longer distances during MIPk compared to U19-Lateral. Practitioners should consider these differences in their training programmes in order to prepare youth players for the physical demands seen in the senior environment.

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