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  • 51.
    Lundkvist, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi. Stockholm University.
    Idrott och integration: lättare sagt än gjort?2019Ingår i: Barn, migration och integration i en utmanande tid / [ed] Karin Helander och Pernilla Leviner, Stockholm: Ragulka press , 2019, s. 87-106Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet syftar till att beskriva och diskutera vad vi vet om idrott och integration utifrån två aspekter. Den första aspekten är att undersöka hur idrotten som integrationsarena fungerar rent praktiskt genom att presentera statistik på hur det ser ut i Sverige och världen vad det gäller idrottsutövande bland invandrarungdomar. Den andra aspekten är att diskutera vilka effekter idrottande egentligen har för främjandet av olika integrationsfrämjande delar som till exempel minskande problembeteenden, mer jämn fördelning av vänner med olika kulturell bakgrund och ökad förståelse för den kultur man flyttat till. Gällande andelen idrottande ungdomar finns det en relativt tydlig skillnad mellan ungdomar med invandrarbakgrund och de med starkare anknytning till landet de bor i. Både i Sverige och internationellt är färre invandrarungdomar idrottsaktiva. Skillnaderna minskar dock ju längre man varit i landet både för första generationens invandrarungdomar och andra/tredjegenerationens ungdomar. Skillnaderna är större och utjämningen är mindre och tar längre tid för invandrarflickor än för invandrarpojkar. Positivt är att idrott verkar ha effekter på integrationsrelaterade delar som avvikande beteenden, mental hälsa och vän-nätverk även om de statistiska effekterna ofta är små. Dessutom visar statistiken att idrottsrörelsen både i Sverige och internationellt inte lyckas inkludera ungdomar med invandrarbakgrund i sin verksamhet i samma utsträckning som de lyckas bjuda in de med starkare bakgrund i landet. Slutligen diskuteras kunskaperna om idrott och integration utifrån hur idrottsrörelsen skulle kunna utveckla sin verksamhet i dessa frågor och exempel på bra integrationsprogram i Sverige tas upp.

  • 52.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Well-being in competitive sports – the feel-good factor?: A review of conceptual considerations in well-being research2011Ingår i: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1750-9858, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 109-127Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarizes the topic of well-being as it applies to competitive athletes, with a particular focus on definitional and conceptual issues. Established definitions within research on human happiness and flourishing based on the hedonic and eudaimonic perspectives are contrasted against definitions applied within sport psychology. The majority of the reviewed sport psychology studies either failed to define well-being or used a variety of labels to describe the construct (e.g., subjective well-being, psychological well-being, mental well-being). A large number of assessments have been used to assess well-being among athletes, but most were applied with only a weak theoretical rationale and did not distinguish between well-being at the global and sport levels. It is concluded that well-being studies within sport psychology have been hampered by conceptual ambiguity, which makes it difficult to compare results across studies and generalize findings in order to develop a sound theoretical base of knowledge. Future research needs to more explicitly define the conceptual framework of well-being and the level (global or context-specific) on which the construct is investigated. Toward this goal, an integrated model is presented to provide a conceptual well-being structure in sport studies, and future directions for research are discussed.

  • 53.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH.
    Sandin, Fredrik
    Well-being in elite sport: Dimensions of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being among elite orienteers2014Ingår i: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 245-254Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined subjective (SWB), psychological (PWB) and social well-being (Social WB) at a global and sport contextual level among ten elite orienteers (6 women and 4 men, median age = 20.4, range 18 to 30) by employing semi-structured interviews. Athletes described SWB as an interplay of satisfaction with life, sport experiences and perceived health combined with experienced enjoyment and happiness in both ordinary life and sport. SWB and PWB interacted, and important psychological functioning among the elite athletes included, among other things, abilities to adopt value-driven behaviors, be part of functional relationships, and to self-regulate one’s autonomy. The ability to organize and combine ordinary life with elite sport, and the use of strategies to protect the self during setbacks was also emphasized. For a comprehensive theoretical understanding of well-being applicable to elite athletes, the need for a holistic view considering both global and sport-specific aspects of WB is discussed.

  • 54.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ståhl, Linda
    Stockholm University.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Thulin, Ulrika
    Karolinska institutet.
    Evaluation of a mindfulness intervention for Paralympic leaders prior to the Paralympic Games.2018Ingår i: International journal of sports science & coaching, ISSN 1747-9541, E-ISSN 2048-397X, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 62-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an evaluation of the effectiveness of an applied mindfulness intervention for stress reduction delivered to Paralympic leaders prior to the Paralympic Games. The intervention group of Swedish Paralympic leaders (n = 10) received a mindfulness intervention of eight web-based seminars, while a Norwegian reference group (n = 6) received no intervention. Three assessments were performed for both samples: at baseline, post-intervention and six weeks post-intervention. The evaluation indicated intervention effects of higher psychological flexibility (p = .03), less rumination (p = .02) and lower perceived stress (p = .001), and offers initial support for the applied usefulness of a web-based mindfulness training program as a supplement in stress-reduction programs for elite sport leaders. General challenges from an applied sport psychology perspective related to the implementation of mindfulness interventions in samples with experienced high levels of stress and perceived time-constraints are discussed. 

  • 55. Mather, Lisa
    et al.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Svedberg, Pia
    High Job Demands, Job Strain, and Iso-Strain Are Risk Factors for Sick Leave due to Mental Disorders: A Prospective Swedish Twin Study With a 5-Year Follow-Up.2015Ingår i: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 57, nr 8, s. 858-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether psychosocial work environment and health behaviors are risk factors for sick leave due to mental disorders, and whether familial confounding (genetics and shared environment) explains the associations.

    METHODS: Respondents (n = 11,729), given to complete a questionnaire in 2004 to 2006, were followed up approximately 5 years for sick leave spells due to mental disorders, using national registry data. Data were analyzed using logistic regression, and conditional logistic regression for twin pairs discordant for sick leave (cotwin control).

    RESULTS: High job demands, job strain, and iso-strain were independent risk factors for sick leave due to mental disorders. Familial factors seem to be of importance in the associations between job support, smoking, a combination of unhealthy behaviors and sick leave.

    CONCLUSIONS: Improving the psychosocial work environment may be effective in preventing sick leave due to mental disorders.

  • 56.
    Mikola, Noora
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Tegnestrand, Tobias
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    ”One missed pass means a non-perfect game”: Perfektionism och prestationsångest inom damelitfotboll2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka perfektionism och prestationsångest relaterat till varandra samt till ålder och erfarenhet hos kvinnliga elitfotbollsspelare.

    • Hur samvarierar ålder och antal år på elitnivå med typen av perfektionism och graden av prestationsångest?
    • Hur vanligt förekommande är adaptiv och maladaptiv perfektionism samt prestationsångest hos kvinnliga elitfotbollsspelare?
    • Samvarierar typen av perfektionism med graden av prestationsångest?

    Metod

    I studien medverkade 93 spelare från tre lag i Damallsvenskan, ett lag i Elitettan och åtta lag i Naisten Liiga.  En webbaserad enkät som innefattar egenkonstruerade bakgrundsfrågor samt två mätinstrument: Sports Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-2 och Sports Competition Anxiety Test användes. Data analyserades med hjälp av Chi²-test samt Spearmans korrelationstest.

    Resultat

    Ålder och antal år på elitnivå visade inga signifikanta samband med perfektionism eller med prestationsångest. Det visade sig att 18 % av spelarna inte kunde definieras som perfektionister och att 82 % av spelarna kunde definieras som perfektionister. Av de spelare som kunde definieras som perfektionister, hade 81 % adaptiv perfektionism. Av spelarna hade 19 % låg prestationsångest, 58 % medelhög prestationsångest och 23 % hög prestationsångest. Inget statistiskt signifikant samband hittades mellan perfektionism och prestationsångest (r=-.097, p=.381). En måttlig korrelation hittades mellan två maladaptiva dimensioner av perfektionism och prestationsångest. De dimensioner som korrelerade måttligt var Concern Over Mistakes (r=.355) och Doubts About Actions (r=.462).

    Slutsats

    Varken perfektionism eller prestationsångest verkade vara vanligt förekommande hos kvinnliga elitfotbollspelare. Dessa två aspekter verkade inte heller samvariera med ålder eller antal år på elitnivå. 

  • 57.
    Miulli, Michelle
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance .
    Motivational Climates: What they are, and why they matter2011Ingår i: The IADMS bulletin for teachers (The International Association for Dance Medicine and Science), Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 5-8Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 58.
    Moesch, Karin
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Bäckström, Martin
    Psykologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Mattsson, C. Mikael
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Exploring Nonverbal Behaviors in Elite Handball: How and When do Players Celebrate?2015Ingår i: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 94-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores nonverbal behaviors in the form of gestures and touch during elite handball matches. Based on a coding scheme, 616 postshot periods following a goal, stemming from 18 matches, were analyzed. Results revealed that, on average, 2.77 nonverbal behaviors were displayed after scoring. Play-off matches resulted in a higher average of nonverbal behaviors than league matches. The more a team was leading by, the higher the overall number of nonverbal behaviors; meanwhile, the overall amount of nonverbal behaviors declined over the course of a match. The results pinpoint to the situation specificity of nonverbal behaviors during ongoing matches.

  • 59.
    Moesch, Karin
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Bäckström, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Mattsson, C. Mikael
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Nonverbal behaviour in handball: A three-phase project based on behavioural observation2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonverbal behaviour (NVB) as means of expressing emotions is an important channel for social interaction (Riggio & Riggio, 2012). Nonverbal cues influence others through mechanisms such as emotional contagion (see e.g. Hatfield et al., 1994) or impression formation (see e.g. Warr & Knapper, 1968). These are important aspects in team sports, but research is sparse.

    A series of studies aiming at exploring NVB during handball matches will be presented. First, a coding scheme that reliably captures NVB in the post-shot period, the Handball Post-Shot Behavior Coding Scheme (H-PSB-CS) was developed (Moesch et al., 2015b). Thereafter, data from 616 post-scoring coding situations from 18 female elite handball matches were analyzed using the H-PSB-CS. Results showed among others that players displayed more NVB after scoring in playoff compared to league matches, that the bigger leading a team had, the more NVB were displayed after scoring, and that the amount of NVB declined over the course of a match (Moesch et al., 2015a). Furthermore, the interaction of the ongoing history of events of the game (i.e., how the team performs) and touch (but not gesture) significantly predicted subsequent performance: A high degree of touch when playing well, and a low degree of touch when playing poorly were related with positive subsequent performance, while, showing much touch when playing poorly, or showing little touch when playing well predicted negative performance (Moesch et al., 2015c). The findings of the presented studies resulted in low effect sizes, which can be due to the fact that it is difficult to control all external variables in such complex contexts. However, there are many advantages of using behavioural observation, for example high ecological validity.

  • 60.
    Moesch, Karin
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Bäckström, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Mattsson, C. Mikael
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Nonverbal post-shot celebrations and their relationship with performance in elite handball2018Ingår i: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 235-249Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonverbal behaviour has an important function in team sports, but research is limited. Adopting a psychological momentum (PM) framework, this study explores the relationship between a team’s history of events, nonverbal post-shot celebrations in the form of gestures and touch shown by the shooter after scoring, and subsequent team performance during handball matches. A naturalistic design with systematic observation was chosen for the present study. Based on an existing coding scheme, 616 post-shot periods from 18 high-stake matches of the highest league in Sweden were analysed. Results showed that the better a team’s prior performance, the more gestures were displayed after scoring in the following period. A high degree of touch when playing well, and a low degree of touch when playing poorly were related to positive subsequent team performance, while, showing much touch when playing poorly, or showing little touch when playing well were related to negative subsequent team performance. The amount of displayed gesture and touch alone was not significantly related to subsequent team performance. To conclude, nonverbal post-shot celebrations were related to subsequent team performance, but only when the ongoing history of events was taken into account, and only for touch. Based on these results, the history of events emerges as an important variable when the dynamics of ongoing team sport matches are investigated. Furthermore, touch, compared to gesture, seems to be of more importance for subsequent team performance. As expected when investigating complex phenomena in ongoing matches, the findings resulted in small effect sizes.

  • 61.
    Moesch, Karin
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Mattsson, C. Mikael
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Exploring nonverbal behavior in elite handball players: Development of the Handball Post-Shot Behavior Coding Scheme (H-PSB-CS)2015Ingår i: Journal of Sport Behavior, ISSN 0162-7341, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 52-78Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is hypothesized that nonverbal behaviors of team sport athletes have an important impact on the course of the game. However, quantitative research on this topic is rare, partly due to a lack of scientifically sound coding schemes developed to assess nonverbal behavior in team sports. The aim of the present study is to develop a coding scheme that measures nonverbal behaviors displayed by female handball players in the post-shot period. A preliminary coding scheme was based on existing literature and an expert panel. This coding scheme was tested during eighteen matches in Sweden’s highest handball league. Based on the results of inter- and intra-agreement analyses, further adaptations were made. The final version, the Handball Post-Shot Behavior Coding Scheme (H-PSB-CS), included the categories post-shot behavior gesture (PSB-G) with six behaviors and post-shot behavior touch (PSB-T) with five behaviors. The development of the H-PSB-CS is discussed in light of the results and provides a resource to advance behavior-focused research. In addition, it may apply to sport psychology practitioners working with nonverbal behavior in their teams.

  • 62.
    Moesch, Karin
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Mattsson, C. Mikael
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    How much means touch? An investigation of touching behaviors among female elite handball players2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    From a team sport perspective, players’ emotional expressions can have a detrimental impact on team performance through a process called emotional contagion (Hatfield et al., 1994). Moll et al. (2010) examined emotional expressions of soccer players during penalty shootouts and found that individual expressions were related to team success. Touch is one way of expressing emotions and considered an important part of emotional communication (Hertenstein et al. 2006), but has so far only received limited attention in sport psychology research (e.g. Kneidinger et al., 2001). The present study aims at expanding the approach of Moll et al. (2010) by investigating if touching behavior as a specific form of emotional expression is related to subsequent performance in women’s team handball.

    Eighteen matches from the highest women handball league in Sweden resulted in a total of 1,239 coded situations that form the basis for the analyses. The coding situation starts when a player executes a shot with the intention to score and ends when she has returned to her defense position. A coding scheme was elaborated based on existing literature and was checked for face validity by an expert panel with four experts. Coding was done by the authors and checked for both inter-observer reliability through the coding results of a research assistant and intra-observer reliability through a re-test. Analyses were done using t-tests, ANOVAs and logistic regressions.

    Overall, the results reveal that the winning team shows significantly more touching behavior after scoring than the losing team (t = -2.36, df = 613, p < .05). There is a significant decline in the average of touching behaviors after scoring from the beginning to the end of the match (F = 2.29, df = 5, p < .05). Moreover, teams use significantly less touching behavior after scoring when they are far behind than when scores are close or they are leading (F = 4.00, df = 2, p < .05). The results of the logistic regression show that the amount of touch after scoring significantly predicts success in the coming offence for substituting players (χ2 = 4.33, df = 1, p < .05). Likewise, there is a trend in the same direction for permanent players after not scoring (χ2 = 3.65, df = 1, p = .06). To conclude, touch behavior seems to play an important role in team sports and deserves further attention in research.

  • 63. Murphy, Shane
    et al.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    University of Birmingham.
    Imagery in Sport, Exercise and Dance2008Ingår i: Advances in sport psychology / [ed] T. Horn, Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics , 2008, 3, s. 297-324Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 64.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    London Sport Institute .
    Review of Nancy Upper’s book Ballet Dancers in Career Transition 2008Ingår i: Research in Dance Education, ISSN 1464-7893, E-ISSN 1470-1111, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 103-106Artikel, recension (Refereegranskat)
  • 65.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance .
    Setting precise aims in an imprecise world: Reflections on goal setting in dance2009Ingår i: Årsbok: Svensk idrottspsykologisk förening (SIPF), s. 61-73Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 66.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham .
    Exploring common ground: Comparing the imagery of dancers and aesthetic sport performers2008Ingår i: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 67.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Measuring the content of dancers’ images : Development of the Dance Imagery Questionnaire (DIQ)2006Ingår i: Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, ISSN 1089-313X, Vol. 10, nr 3&4, s. 85-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental imagery is the creation or re-creation of experiences in the mind and it is a common, yet under-researched area in dance. Indeed, although sport and exercise researchers have imagery measurement tools designed for their respective settings, no such tool has existed for dance. Having a valid and reliable questionnaire can produce information to form the basis for successful interventions to enhance both performance and well-being. Thus, the aim of this series of three studies was to create a questionnaire capable of assessing the frequency with which dancers image, entitled the Dance Imagery Questionnaire (DIQ). Studies 1 and 2 are primarily concerned with measurement development, while Study 3 also presents data that may be of more applied interest. A total of 1,068 female and male dancers from 25 dance forms and six experience levels (beginner to professional) participated in three cross-sectional questionnaire-based studies. There were 501 dancers in Study 1 (aged 23.26 ± 10.25 years), 317 dancers in Study 2 (aged 21.96 ± 6.63 years), and 250 dancers in Study 3 (aged 23.82 ± 9.16 years). Study 1 employed principal components analyses to determine that the DIQ consisted of 3 components: technique, mastery and goals, and role and movement quality. It was apparent that the mastery and goals component could also potentially split into two, producing a four-component solution. In Study 2, DIQ data were subjected to confirmatory factor analyses, from which a hierarchical solution emerged, with one higher-order factor and four second-order factors. The third study re-confirmed the hierarchical structure of the DIQ with a separate sample, and established the test-retest reliability of the questionnaire. Concurrent validity information is also provided concerning the relationships between dance imagery, imagery ability, self-confidence, and anxiety.

  • 68.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham .
    More than meets the eye  : Investigating imagery type, direction, and outcome2005Ingår i: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    The effects of imagery direction on self-efficacy and performance in a dart throwing task were examined. Two imagery types were investigated: skill-based cognitive specific (CS) and confidence-based motivational general-mastery (MG-M). Seventy-five novice dart throwers were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: (a) facilitative imagery, (b) debilitative imagery, or (c) control. After 2 imagery interventions, the debilitative imagery group rated their self-efficacy significantly lower than the facilitative group and performed significantly worse than either the facilitative group or the control group. Efficacy ratings remained constant across trials for the facilitative group, but decreased significantly for both the control group and the debilitative group. Performance remained constant for the facilitative and the control groups but decreased significantly for the debilitative group. Similar to Short et al. (2002), our results indicate that both CS and MG-M imagery can affect self-efficacy and performance.

  • 69.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Professional dancers describe their imagery: Where, when, what, why and how2005Ingår i: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 395-416Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In-depth semistructured interviews were conducted with 14 male and female professional dancers from several dance forms. Interviews were primarily based in the 4 Ws framework (Munroe, Giacobbi, Jr., Hall, & Weinberg, 2000), which meant exploring Where, When, Why, and What dancers image. A dimension describing How the dancers employed imagery also emerged. What refers to imagery content, and emerged from two categories: Imagery Types and Imagery Characteristics. Why represents the reason an image is employed and emerged from five categories: Cognitive Reasons, Motivational Reasons, Artistic Reasons,  Healing Reasons, and No reason – Triggered Imagery. There were also large individual differences reported regarding What images were used and Why. Many new insights were gained, including several imagery types and reasons not commonly discussed in sport and exercise.

  • 70.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    The development of imagery in dance: Part I. Qualitative findings from professional dancers2006Ingår i: Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, ISSN 1089-313X, Vol. 10, nr 1&2, s. 21-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of two studies was undertaken to investigate the development of imagery among dancers and how dance teachers might affect the imagery development process. The first study is reported here, the second in Part II. For the present study, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 female (n = 9) and male (n = 5) professional dancers from a range of ages and dance forms. The recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and content-analyzed with NVivo 4.0. Results fell into three categories: Early Experiences, Teachers, and Imagery Changes. Findings included few dancers having been taught about imagery, and that dancers often preferred teachers who gave plenty of images so that each dancer could use images that suited his or her own needs. As dancers became more accomplished, imagery typically changed toward more frequent, complex, and kinesthetic images. Suggestions for further research and ideas for practical application are provided.

  • 71.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham .
    The development of imagery in dance: Part II. Quantitative data from a mixed sample of dancers2006Ingår i: Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, ISSN 1089-313X, Vol. 10, nr 1&2, s. 28-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was undertaken to investigate the development of imagery among dancers. To effectively extend the results presented in Part I, the main topics emerging from the interviews in that study were investigated quantitatively. Participants were 250 female (n = 218) and male (n = 27) dancers from various dance types and ranging from recreational to professional in standard. Dancers perceived their images to have improved both in quantity and quality across their years in dance, with qualitative changes including improved complexity, control, structure, deliberation, and sensory involvement. Several differences existed between experience levels. In particular, higher-level dancers reported having been encouraged to image more frequently and being given more metaphorical images in classes more often than lower-level dancers, both when they first started dancing and at present. Altogether, the study might have implications for dance teachers as well as for dancers and researchers.

  • 72.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Types and functions of athletes’ imagery: Testing predictions from the applied model of imagery use by examining effectiveness2008Ingår i: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 189-206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Predictions from the applied model of imagery use (Martin, Moritz, & Hall, 1999) were tested by examining the perceived effectiveness of five imagery types in serving specific functions. Potential moderation effects of this relationship by imagery ability and perspective were also investigated. Participants were 155 athletes from 32 sports, and materials included a chart for rating imagery effectiveness constructed specifically for the study as well as a modified version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ; Hall, Mack, Paivio, & Hausenblas, 1998). Results supported the predictions for cognitive but not motivational imagery types, and MG‐M imagery was perceived to be the most effective imagery type for motivational functions. Significant differences existed between imagery types regarding frequency and ease of imaging. The relationship between frequency and effectiveness was not moderated by imagery ability or perspective, and athletes who imaged more frequently found imagery more effective and easier to do.

  • 73.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham .
    Where, when, and how: A quantitative account of dance imagery2007Ingår i: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, ISSN 0270-1367, E-ISSN 2168-3824, Vol. 78, nr 4, s. 390-395Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 74.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    London Sport Institute.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Vincent, J
    McGrory, S
    Mental Practice or spontaneous play?: Examining which types of imagery constitute deliberate practice in sport2006Ingår i: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, Vol. 18, s. 345-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Imagery use was examined within the deliberate practice framework (Ericsson, Krampe, & Tesch-Römer, 1993). Athletes (N = 150) from three competitive levels (recreational, intermediate, and elite) completed an adapted version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ; Hall, Mack, Paivio, & Hausenblas, 1998). Each SIQ item was scored for frequency, deliberation, relevance, concentration, and enjoyment. Eight SIQ items were deemed to be deliberate practice: five cognitive-specific images, two cognitive-general images, and one motivational general-mastery image. Motivational-specific imagery instead resembled deliberate play (Côté, Baker, & Abernethy, 2003). Elite and intermediate athletes used imagery more frequently and deliberately and perceived imagery to be more relevant and requiring more concentration than recreational athletes. Differences also existed regarding how deliberately the athletes engaged in various imagery types. The findings may inform applied practitioners regarding differences in imagery use between competitive levels and differences in the characteristics of imagery types.

  • 75.
    Nordin, Sanna M
    et al.
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Harris, Gillian
    School of Psychology, University of Birmingham.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham .
    Disturbed eating in young, competitive gymnasts: Differences between three gymnastics disciplines2003Ingår i: European Journal of Sport Science, ISSN 1746-1391, E-ISSN 1536-7290, Vol. 3, nr 5, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 76.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Implicita inlärningstekniker minskade oro och gjorde elever mer kreativa2018Ingår i: Idrottsforskning.se, ISSN 2002-3944, artikel-id 15 marsArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att som danselev ha en hög perfektionistisk strävan är tveeggat. Det kan å ena sidan bidra till utveckling och framgång inom yrket, men även leda till överarbete, rigiditet och ökad skaderisk. Implicita inlärningstekniker kan minska det perfektionistiska tänkandet och göra balansgången lättare, skriver Sanna Nordin-Bates, Fil Dr. i Idrottsvetenskap vid GIH.

  • 77.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    On quantity and quality: The emergence, promise and challenges of qualitative research into perfectionism in sport and dance.2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 78.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Perfectly Creative?: On the Interrelationships and Nurture of Creativity and Perfectionism in Elite Dance Training2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 79.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Positive only to a Point(e): An Overview of Dance Perfectionism Research2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 80.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Striving for Perfection or for Creativity: A Dancer’s Dilemma?2019Ingår i: Journal of Dance Education, ISSN 1529-0824, E-ISSN 2158-074XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent to which creativity and perfection can be considered compatible aims for dancers was investigated. Also investigated were how creativity and perfectionism are (a) nurtured vs. inhibited, and (b) related to basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness). Seventy-seven ballet students (12-19 years) completed standardized questionnaires, and eight were recruited for interview. Additionally, five teachers were interviewed.

    It was found that flexible perfectionistic strivings (PS) were seen to support creativity while rigid PS and perfectionistic concerns (PC) were seen as inhibiting. Creative work was proposed to reduce PC. Creativity appeared to be nurtured when basic needs were met and via inspiration and imagery; this was experienced more in contemporary dance. Perfectionism appeared to be nurtured when basic needs were thwarted or unsupported, and when teachers were perfectionistic. This was experienced more in ballet. In conclusion, dance teachers who support basic needs likely support dancers’ creativity and aid in perfectionism management.

  • 81.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Ballet: Dancing under the weight of pre-conceived ideas?2014Ingår i: Ballet, Why and How?: On the role of classical ballet in dance education / [ed] D. Brown & M. Vos, Arnhem: ArtEZ , 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 82.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Elite Dance Students’ Perceptions of Perfectionism and Creativity: A Qualitative Investigation2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 83.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Evidence-based practice: Applications in Psychology: (Invited panel presentation)2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 84.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    On performance, pressure, and pointlessness: Elite dance students' and teachers' perceptions of perfectionism2016Ingår i: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology: 37 (Supplement), 2016, Vol. 38, s. 34-34Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 85.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Performance Psychology in the Performing Arts2012Ingår i: The Oxford Handbook of Sport and Performance Psychology / [ed] Murphy, S., Oxford University Press, 2012, s. 81-114Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 86.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Resource Paper: Perfectionism2014Ingår i: International Association for Dance Medicine and Science, Resource PapersArtikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As audiences, we are amazed by feats we could not hope to achieve ourselves and we applaud them. Newspaper reviews often use the words “perfect” or “flawless” to indicate that something desirable has occurred in a dance performance. Perhaps in recognition that a dancer needs to strive to great heights and work hard before he or she can perform well, teachers sometimes try to inspire students to perfection. It is not surprising, then, that goals of perfection may appear both admirable and desirable. But is perfection or excellence most advantageous? Is there a difference between the two and, if so, what might it mean for dancers and for those who teach them? In this paper current ideas about perfectionism, including its positive and negative aspects, are described first. This is followed by an outline of pertinent research into the relationships that perfectionism has with a range of well- and ill-being indicators. The paper also addresses the issue of perfectionism among teachers, as well as students and dancers, and finishes with recommendations for practice. 

  • 87.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    The intricate dance between motivation, goals and success in the performing arts: A guide for teachers2012Ingår i: Foundations for Excellence (Music & Dance Scheme) Infosheet, nr 5Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    All Teachers want motivated students who strive for and reach increasingly challenging goals. But perhaps everybody does not realise that motivation and goals are not something inherent to students.

    This info sheet presents motivational climate characteristics that are taskinvolving and ego-involving and explores the importance of motivational theories in the supporting of young musicians and dancers.

  • 88.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Abrahamsen, Frank
    Norges Idrottshögskola.
    Perfectionism in Dance: A Case Example and Applied Considerations2016Ingår i: The Psychology of Perfectionism in Sport, Dance and Exercise / [ed] Andrew Hill, Routledge, 2016, s. 222-244Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present chapter we describe and discuss perfectionism  as we have seen it manifest in dance and especially in classical ballet.

  • 89.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Aujla, Imogen J
    Redding, Emma
    How do staff perceive dancer talent?: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 90.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Chappell, Kerry
    Krasevec, Tina
    Miulli, Michelle
    Watson, Debbie
    Creativity as a dance science topic: methodological challenges and applied potential2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 91.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Sharp, Lucinda
    Australian Ballet School.
    Aways, Danielle
    University of Wolverhampton .
    Imagining yourself dancing to perfection?: Correlates of perfectionism in ballet and contemporary dance2011Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 32-927X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 58-76Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated perfectionism prevalence and its relationship to imagery and performance anxiety. Two hundred and fifty (N = 250) elite students (66.4% female; Mage = 19.19, SD = 2.66) studying mainly classical ballet or contemporary dance in England, Canada, and Australia completed questionnaires assessing perfectionism, imagery, and performance anxiety. Cluster analysis revealed three distinct cohorts: dancers with perfectionistic tendencies (40.59% of the sample), dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies (44.35%), and dancers with no perfectionistic tendencies (15.06%). Notably, these labels are data driven and relative; only eight dancers reported high absolute scores. Dancers with perfectionistic tendencies experienced more debilitative imagery, greater cognitive and somatic anxiety, and lower self-confidence than other dancers. Dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies reported midlevel scores for all constructs and experienced somatic anxiety as being more debilitative to performance than did those with no perfectionistic tendencies. Clusters were demographically similar, though more males than females reported no perfectionistic tendencies, and vice versa. In summary, the present findings suggest that "true" perfectionism may be rare in elite dance; however, elements of perfectionism appear common and are associated with maladaptive characteristics.

  • 92.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Hill, Andrew P
    Cumming, Jennifer
    Aujla, Imogen J
    Redding, Emma
    A Longitudinal Examination of the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Motivational Climate in Dance.2014Ingår i: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 382-391Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the relationship between dance-related perfectionism and perceptions of motivational climate in dance over time. In doing so, three possibilities were tested: (a) perfectionism affects perceptions of the motivational climate, (b) perceptions of the motivational climate affect perfectionism, and (c) the relationship is reciprocal. Two hundred seventy-one young dancers (M = 14.21 years old, SD = 1.96) from UK Centres for Advanced Training completed questionnaires twice, approximately 6 months apart. Cross-lagged analysis indicated that perfectionistic concerns led to increased perceptions of an ego-involving climate and decreased perceptions of a task-involving climate over time. In addition, perceptions of a task-involving climate led to increased perfectionistic strivings over time. The findings suggest that perfectionistic concerns may color perceptions of training/performing environments so that mistakes are deemed unacceptable and only superior performance is valued. They also suggest that perceptions of a task-involving climate in training/performing environments may encourage striving for excellence and perfection without promoting excessive concerns regarding their attainment.

  • 93.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Hill, Andy P
    Cumming, Jennifer
    Aujla, Imogen J
    Redding, Emma
    Perfectionism & Perceptions of Motivational Climate have a Reciprocal Relationship: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 94.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    McGill, Ashley
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance .
    Standing on the shoulders of a young giant: How dance teachers can benefit from learning about positive psychology2009Ingår i: The IADMS Bulletin for Teachers (International Association for Dance Medicine & Science), Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 4-7Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Dancers often endure long hours of physical exertion and push their bodies to extreme limits in order to advance technically. The importance of physical health and fitness is not news to dancers and dance  educators; however, psychological health and well-being are not discussed as much, yet play a crucial role in dancers' lives. This article will suggest ways in which dance teachers can help their students achieve optimum psychological wellbeing by utilizing research in positive psychology, a relatively new field that we believe has great relevance to dance.

    Dance psychology typically looks to sport psychology for evidence and inspiration, but we suggest that a new emerging giant of a field, namely positive psychology, is another useful source. Therefore, this article will briefly introduce three positive psychology topics: self-determination, creativity, and flow. With an understanding of some key terms and how to apply them in class, teachers may be able to nurture healthy intrinsic motivation and thereby raise self-esteem and lower body dissatisfaction. Furthermore, by focusing on psychological factors that underlie excellence in performance, such as flow and creativity, instructors  may be able to help their students reach higher levels of achievement.

  • 95.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Quested, Eleanor J
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Walker, Imogen J
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Redding, Emma
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance .
    Climate change in the dance studio: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Ingår i: Sport, Exercise, & Performance Psychology, ISSN 2157-3905, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 3-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known regarding the stability of motivational climate perceptions, or how changes in climate perceptions affect performers. As a result, dancers' perceptions of the prevailing climate within both regional centers for talented young people and local dance schools were assessed longitudinally and in relation to dance class anxiety and self-esteem. Dancers (M age = 14.41, SD = 2.10; 75.7% female) completed standardized questionnaires approximately 6 months apart (Time 1 n = 327; Time 2 n = 264). Both climates were perceived as more task- than ego-involving, but talent center climates were perceived as more task-involving and less ego-involving than local climates. However, dancers found that talent centers became more ego-involving from the middle to the end of the school year, and this change predicted increases in anxiety. Changes in climate perceptions did not predict changes in self-esteem. Results point to the benefits of climates low in ego-involving features if dancers are to experience less anxiety around performance time.

  • 96.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Walker, Imogen J
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Baker, Jo
    Garner, Jocelyn
    Hardy, Cinzia
    Irvine, Sarah
    Jola, Corinne
    Laws, Helen
    Blevins, Peta
    Injury, imagery, and self-esteem in dance: Healthy minds in injured bodies?2011Ingår i: Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, ISSN 1089-313X, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 76-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate a selection of psychological variables (help-seeking behaviors, mental imagery, self-esteem) in relation to injury among UK dancers. We recruited 216 participants from eight dance styles and six levels of involvement. It was found that 83.5% of the participants had experienced at least one injury in the past year. The most common response to injury was to inform someone, and most continued to dance when injured, albeit carefully. Physical therapy was the most common treatment sought when an injury occurred (38.1%), and dancers seemed to follow recommendations offered. Injured and non-injured dancers did not differ in their imagery frequencies (facilitative, debilitative, or injury-related) and scored similarly (and relatively high) in self-esteem. Neither facilitative nor debilitative imagery was correlated with self-esteem, but dancers who engaged in more facilitative imagery in general also reported doing so when injured. Altogether, it appears that injury is not related to dancers' self-esteem or imagery, at least not when injuries are mild or moderate. Even so, such conclusions should be made with caution, given that most dancers do sustain at least one injury each year.

  • 97.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Walker, Imogen J
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Redding, Emma
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Correlates of disordered eating attitudes among male and female young talented dancers: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2011Ingår i: Eating Disorders, ISSN 1064-0266, E-ISSN 1532-530X, Vol. 19, s. 1-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Correlates of disordered eating attitudes were examined with a mixed-sex sample of 347 young talented dancers aged 10-18 years from all UK Centres for Advanced Training. Equal proportions of females (7.3%) and males (7.6%) were symptomatic for disordered eating but correlates differed: for females, self-evaluative perfectionism, waking up > twice/night and hours of non-dance physical activity were predictive while for males, only the combination of self-evaluative and conscientious perfectionism was significant. Differences between menstrual status groups were evident, with young dancers (pre-menarcheal/within first year of menarche) reporting the least disordered eating attitudes and those with dysfunctional menses reporting the most.

  • 98.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Schwarz, Johanna
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Quested, Eleanor
    Curtin University.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    University of Birmingham.
    Aujla, Imogen
    University of Bedfordshire.
    Redding, Emma
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Disordered eating attitudes among dancers: A longitudinal study of between- and within-person risk factors2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 99.
    Norfield, Jennie
    et al.
    School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    How community dance leads to positive outcomes: A self-determination theory perspective2011Ingår i: Journal of Applied Arts in Health, ISSN 2040-2457, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 257-272Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known about how community dance influences well-being. Grounded in selfdetermination theory (SDT), this study examined the relationship between dancers' perceptions of the motivational climate, basic need satisfaction (competence, autonomy and relatedness) and motivation-related variables (intrinsic motivation, enjoyment and perceived effort) in community dance. A total of 84 dancers (mean age=44.28 years, SD=20.04) regularly attending community dance groups in any style, completed a questionnaire addressing the targeted variables. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses supported a model in which dancers' perceptions of a task climate positively predicted autonomy and relatedness satisfaction. In addition, a model in which dancers' intrinsic motivation, enjoyment and perceived effort were predicted by their perceptions of the motivational climate and need satisfaction was partially supported. This study provides preliminary evidence as to the applicability of SDT to community dance and indicates the importance of promoting task-involving climates in order to foster positive experiences from community dance participation.  

  • 100. Norfield, Jennie
    et al.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Motivational climate, need satisfaction and psychological outcomes in community dance.2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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