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  • 201.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Schwarz, Johanna
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Quested, Eleanor
    Curtin University.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    University of Birmingham.
    Aujla, Imogen
    University of Bedfordshire.
    Redding, Emma
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Disordered eating attitudes among dancers: A longitudinal study of between- and within-person risk factors2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 202. Norfield, Jennie
    et al.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Motivational climate, need satisfaction and psychological outcomes in community dance.2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 203.
    Olusoga, Peter
    et al.
    Sheffield Hallam Univ, Acad Sport &, Sheffield, England.
    Bentzen, Marte
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Coach Burnout: A Scoping Review2019Ingår i: International Sport Coaching Journal, ISSN 2328-918X, E-ISSN 2328-9198, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 42-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Coaches' experiences of burnout and stress have been popular topics for research within sport psychology, particularly over the last decade. The purpose of this scoping review was to provide an up-to-date and critical review of the coaching burnout literature, consolidate research findings, assess current methodological and conceptual trends, and identify avenues for research in this area. Five electronic databases were used to conduct the literature search up to September 30th, 2017 (PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ORIA, Google Scholar). Initially, 65 papers, reviews, and books chapter were identified, but through an iterative process, 45 peer-reviewed, published articles satisfied the inclusion criteria, and the data from these studies was charted. Findings indicated that coach burnout literature is explored from a number of different theoretical perspectives, and shortcomings were identified regarding constructs and concepts used, and research quality. Based on consolidated findings, key challenges are identified, and recommendations for future research are suggested. Recommendations include the use of designs that fully capture the enduring nature of the burnout experience, further consideration being given to the measurement of coach burnout, and further research exploring the clinical treatment and prevention of burnout in coaching contexts.

  • 204.
    Olusoga, Peter
    et al.
    Sheffield Hallam University.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Desperate to Quit: A Narrative Analysis of Burnout and Recovery in High-Performance Sports Coaching.2017Ingår i: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 237-248Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated how the experiences of two elite coaches contributed to and shaped their stories of burnout and withdrawal from high performance coaching. The coaches whose narratives we explore were both middle-aged head coaches, one in a major team sport at the highest club level, and one in an individual Olympic sport at international level. Through a thematic narrative analysis, based on in-depth interviews, the stories of the two coaches are presented in four distinct sections: antecedents, experiences of coaching with burnout symptoms, withdrawal from sport, and the process of recovery and personal growth. These narratives have implications for high performance coaching, such as the importance of role clarity, work-home interference, counseling, mentoring, and social support as means to facilitate recovery, and the need for additional research with coaches who have left sport, to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the complete burnout-recovery process.

  • 205. Pavlik, Katherine
    et al.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Imagery in Dance: A Literature Review2016Ingår i: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, ISSN 1089-313X, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 51-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dance imagery is a consciously created mental representation of an experience, either real or imaginary, that may affect the dancer and her or his movement. In this study, imagery research in dance was reviewed in order to: 1. describe the themes and ideas that the current literature has attempted to illuminate and 2. discover the extent to which this literature its the Revised Applied Model of Deliberate Imagery Use. A systematic search was performed, and 43 articles from 24 journals were found to it the inclusion criteria. he articles were reviewed, analyzed, and categorized. he findings from the articles were then reported using the Revised Applied Model as a framework. Detailed descriptions of Who, What, When and Where, Why, How, and Imagery Ability were provided, along with comparisons to the field of sports imagery. Limitations within the field, such as the use of non-dance-specific and study-specific measurements, make comparisons and clear conclusions difficult to formulate. Future research can address these problems through the creation of dance-specific measurements, higher participant rates, and consistent methodologies between studies.

  • 206. Quested, Eleanor
    et al.
    Duda, Joan
    Jauni, T
    Castillo, I
    Morales, V
    Balaguer, I
    Ntoumanis, N
    Maxwell, J
    Cumming, J
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Norfield, J
    Optimising motivation and healthful engagement in dance: New research findings and applied implications.2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 207. Raedeke, TD
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Olusoga, P.
    Calling 'time-out': A narrative analysis of burnout and recovery in sports coaching2014Ingår i: Proceedings from the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology, 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 208.
    Raedeke, Thomas D.
    et al.
    East Carolina University, USA.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Coach burnout2012Ingår i: Routledge handbook of sports coaching / [ed] Paul Potrac, Wade Gilbert, Jim Denison, London: Routledge, 2012, s. 424-435Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 209. Raedeke, Thomas D.
    et al.
    Smith, Alan L.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Arce, Constantino
    De Francisco, Cristina
    Burnout in Sport: From Theory to Intervention2014Ingår i: Positive Human Functioning From a Multidimensional Perspective: Volume 1: Promoting Stress Adaptation / [ed] A. Rui Gomes, Rui Resende and Alberto Albuquerque, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2014, s. 113-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 210. Raedeke, Thomas
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    A comparison of a reward-effort imbalance and commitment perspectives on burnout in aesthetic sport athletes.2010Ingår i: Proceedings from The 25th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology., Providence, Rhode Island, USA: Association for the Applied Sport Psychology , 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 211. Raedeke, Thomas
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Perfectionism, self-esteem, and athlete burnout: A cluster analytic approach.2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 212. Raedeke, Thomas
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Perfectionism, Self-Esteem and Athlete Burnout in Aesthetic Sport Athletes: Does the Type of Perfectionism and Self-Esteem Matter?2013Ingår i: Proceedings from the annual North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) conference 2013, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 213. Raglin, John S
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    A psychological approach toward understanding and preventing overtraining syndrome.2011Ingår i: Praeger handbook of sports medicine and athlete health / [ed] C.T., Mooran & R.J., Echemendia (Eds.),, Santa Barbara, CA.: Praeger Publishing , 2011, s. 63-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 214.
    Raglin, John S.
    et al.
    Indiana University, USA.
    Wilson, Gregory
    University of Evansville, USA.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Effects of Overtraining on Well-Being and Mental Health2014Ingår i: Physical activity and mental health / [ed] Angela Clow, Sarah Edmunds, Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics, 2014, s. 105-117Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 215. Redding, Emma
    et al.
    Aujla, Imogen
    Beck, Sarah
    De'Ath, Stephanie
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Quin, Edel
    Rafferty, Sonia
    Dancer Aerobic Fitness Across Ten Years2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 216. Redding, Emma
    et al.
    Aujla, Imogen
    Beck, Sarah
    De'Ath, Stephanie
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Quin, Edel
    Rafferty, Sonia
    Dancer Aerobic Fitness: Ten years on2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 217.
    Redding, Emma
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Walker, Imogen J
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Passion, Pathways and Potential in Dance: Trinity Laban Research Report : An interdisciplinary longitudinal study into dance talent development2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Download the full research report which includes the background to the research, methods, key findings in seven main areas, and recommendations for teaching: http://www.trinitylaban.ac.uk/media/573037/laban_report_single_pages.pdf

  • 218.
    Reitmeyer Pavlik, Katherine
    et al.
    Trinity Laban.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Dance Imagery: A Literature Review2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 219.
    Richter, Anne
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    Sverke, Magnus
    Job insecurity and well-being: The moderating role of job dependence.2014Ingår i: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 1359-432X, E-ISSN 1464-0643, Vol. 23, nr 6, s. 816-829Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Job insecurity has become more relevant during the last decades as more flexibility from the workforce and organizations is demanded in the labour market. It has frequently been suggested that job insecurity is a more severe stressor for those who are more dependent on their job. The present study investigates the association between job insecurity and employee well-being by focusing on how employees’ dependence on the job moderates this relationship. Two types of financial dependence (subjective financial dependence and relative contribution to the household income) were studied, along with an indicator of a more psychological dependence on work in general (work involvement). In addition to this, both quantitative and qualitative job insecurity were included. The proposed relations were tested in a sample of Swedish accountancy firm employees. The results of moderated hierarchical regression analyses showed that subjective financial dependence, household contribution, and work involvement moderated the relation between both job insecurity dimensions and job satisfaction. No moderations were found with mental well-being as an outcome. This implies that the extent to which someone depends on their job is important for how job insecurity relates to job satisfaction.

  • 220.
    Roberts, Claire-Marie
    et al.
    University of the West of England, UK.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Knowing when, and how, to step out: coach retirement2019Ingår i: Professional advances in sports coaching: research and practice / [ed] Richard Thelwell and Matt Dicks, Routledge, 2019, s. 397-414Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 221.
    Roberts, Claire-Marie
    et al.
    University of the West of England, Bristol, UK.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Motherhood in the exercising female2019Ingår i: The exercising female: science and its application / [ed] Jacky Forsyth and Claire-Marie Roberts, Routledge, 2019, s. 224-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 222. Rose, Linda M
    et al.
    Neumann, W Patrick
    Hägg, Göran M
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Fatigue and recovery during and after static loading.2014Ingår i: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 57, nr 11, s. 1696-1710Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Subjectively assessed endurance time (ET), resumption time (RT) and perceived discomfort, pain or fatigue (PD), and objectively measured maximum force-exerting capacity were investigated for varying loads and durations of a pushing task with two repeated trials. Beyond the main results quantifying how the load scenario affected ET, RT and PD, three additional results are of note: (1) although the maximum pushing force did not change between trials, shorter ET, longer RT and higher PD indicated accumulation of fatigue in Trial 2; (2) the PD ratings showed a trend with a linear increase during loading and a curvilinear decrease during recovery; and (3) the RT and the load level for different relative loading times were found to have an unexpected U-shaped relationship, indicating lowest fatigue at the intermediate load level. These results can be used to model a more sustainable and productive work-recovery ratio.

  • 223.
    Salier Eriksson, Jane
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet, FoU-gruppen för rörelse, hälsa och miljö.
    Ekblom Bak, Elin
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet.
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Kallings, Lena
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet.
    Hemmingsson, Erik
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Ekblom, Björn
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Åstrandlaboratoriet, Björn Ekbloms forskningsgrupp.
    Andersson, G
    Wallin, P
    Stenling, A
    Lindwall, M
    Latent profiles of sedentary time, exercise and cardiorespiratory fitness in adults, and the associations with metabolic and percieved health2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 224. Sanchez, Erin N
    et al.
    Aujla, Imogen J
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Cultural background variables in dance talent development: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 225.
    Sanchez, Erin N
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Aujla, Imogen J
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Cultural background variables in dance talent development: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2013Ingår i: Research in Dance Education, ISSN 1464-7893, E-ISSN 1470-1111, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 260-278Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a qualitative enquiry into cultural background variables – social support, values, race/ethnicity and economic means – in the process of dance talent development. Seven urban dance students in pre-vocational training, aged 15–19, participated in semi-structured interviews. Interviews were inductively analysed using QSR International NVivo 7.0. Further deductive analysis revealed that the findings were in line with the Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent. Results indicated that social environments positively influenced dance students’ feelings of psychological well-being, self-esteem and motivation, which in turn supported the transformation of aptitude into dance talent. Social benefits, such as building close friendships, facilitated learning and encouraged persistence during more difficult periods of dance training. Economic support was an essential aid to talent development, providing training and performance opportunities, transport and physiotherapy. The study offers a preliminary indication that economic limitations may not only prohibit dance training but may also be related to lower perceptions of social support both in the home and in dance environments. Cultural values espoused in dancers’ homes encouraged the value of hard work and raised questions about the economic suitability of a career in dance. Overall, cultural background variables appear to have a major effect on dance talent development.

  • 226. Sarkar, M
    et al.
    Gould, D
    Wylleman, P
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Cotterill, S
    Mitchell, I
    Developing resilience in elite sport: Research to practice.2019Ingår i: Proceedings of The 15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 227.
    Svedberg, Pia
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hallsten, Lennart
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Narusyte, Jurgita
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Genetic and environmental influences on the association between performance-based self-esteem and exhaustion: A study of the self-worth notion of burnout.2016Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, nr 5, s. 419-426Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the self-worth model, burnout is considered to be a syndrome of performance-based self-esteem (PBSE) and experiences of exhaustion. Studies have shown that PBSE and burnout indices such as Pines' Burnout Measure (BM) are associated. Whether these variables have overlapping etiologies has however not been studied before. Genetic and environmental components of covariation between PBSE and exhaustion measured with Pines' BM were examined in a bivariate Cholesky model using data from 14,875 monozygotic and dizygotic Swedish twins. Fifty-two per cent of the phenotypic correlation (r = 0.41) between PBSE and Pines' BM was explained by genetics and 48% by environmental factors. The findings of the present study strengthen the assumption that PBSE should be considered in the burnout process as proposed by the self-worth conception of burnout. The present results extend our understanding of the link between this contingent self-esteem construct and exhaustion and provide additional information about the underlying mechanisms in terms of genetics and environment. This finding corroborates the assumed syndrome view on burnout, while it also suggests an altered view of how the syndrome emerges and how it can be alleviated.

  • 228.
    Svedberg, Pia
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Helgadóttir, Björg
    Karolinska institutet.
    Mather, L.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Narusyte, J.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Ropponen, A.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi. Karolinska institutet.
    Do poor health behaviors have an impact on the transition from sick leave to disability pension?2019Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health: Volume 29, Supplement 4, November 2019, Oxford University Press, 2019, Vol. 29, s. 66-66Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: High age, being a woman, and having low socioeconomic status are among the important risk factors for transitioning from sickness absence (SA) to disability pension (DP). But, little is known about the effect of poor health behaviors, although there are indications that poor health behaviors increase the risk of both SA and DP. The aims were to study the associations between three poor health behaviors (current smoking, high alcohol consumption and low physical activity levels) and DP among individuals who recently been sickness absent, and to explore whether having multiple poor health behaviors increased the risk of transitioning from SA to DP. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 1991 twin individuals aged 20-46 who participated in a survey in 2005 and who had been on long-term SA in the two years preceding baseline (date of answering the survey) data collection of health behaviors (smoking, alcohol and physical activity) and relevant covariates. The participants were followed up for incident all-cause DP until the 31st of December 2012 (mean follow-up 5.2 years). National register data of SA and DP were used, and the association between each health behavior and DP was estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. The results are presented as Hazard Ratios (HR) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI). Results: Results showed that compared to never smoking, current smoking was associated with a higher risk of transitioning from SA to DP (HR 1.76, 95%CI 1.08-2.84). Alcohol use, lack of physical activity or having several poor health behaviors showed no significant associations. Conclusions: Being a current smoker influences the risk of transitioning from SA to DP. Poor health behaviors are well established risk factors for poor physical and mental health. Hence, from a public health perspective it is important to emphasize the value of improving health behaviors in general but also among people with a history of SA. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

  • 229.
    Svedberg, Pia
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Insurance Med, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mather, L.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Insurance Med, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Bergstrom, G.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Div Intervent & Implementat Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lindfors, P.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi. Karolinska Inst, Div Insurance Med, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    A twin study of work-home interference and the risk of future sickness absence with mental diagnoses2016Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, nr Suppl 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 230.
    Svedberg, Pia
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Mather, Lisa
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University.
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi. Karolinska insititutet, Stockholm University.
    Time pressure and sleep problems due to thoughts about work as risk factors for future sickness absence.2018Ingår i: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 91, nr 8, s. 1051-1059Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: This study investigated whether time pressure or sleep problems due to thoughts about work are associated with future sickness absence (SA) among women and men employed in different sectors, also when adjusting for confounders including familial factors (genetics and shared environment).

    METHODS: The study sample included 16,127 twin individuals (52% women), aged 19-47 years who in 2005 participated in an online survey including questions regarding time pressure, sleep, work and health. Register data on SA (> 14 days) were obtained from the National Social Insurance Agency and individuals were followed from date of survey response until 12/31/2013. Associations between time pressure, sleep problems due to thoughts about work and future SA were investigated using logistic regression analyses to assess odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

    RESULTS: In total 5723 (35%) individuals had an incident SA spell during follow-up. Sleep problems due to thoughts about work were associated with SA in the fully adjusted model (OR 1.22, CI 1.10-1.36). Stratified by sector, the highest estimate was found for state employees (OR 1.54, CI 1.11-2.13). Familial factors did not seem to influence the associations. We found no statistically significant associations between time pressure and SA. No sex differences were found.

    CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated that sleep problems due to thoughts about work is a risk factor for future SA. This follows previous research showing that sleep length and sleep disturbances, regardless of reason, are associated with SA. But, experiences of work-related time pressure seem to have no effect on SA.

  • 231.
    Svedberg, Pia
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Mather, Lisa
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholms universitet.
    Blom, Victoria
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Work-Home Interference, Perceived Total Workload, and the Risk of Future Sickness Absence Due to Stress-Related Mental Diagnoses Among Women and Men: a Prospective Twin Study.2018Ingår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 103-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Work-home interference has been proposed as an important explanation for sickness absence (SA). Previous studies show mixed results, have not accounted for familial factors (genetics and shared everyday environment), or investigated diagnosis specific SA. The aim was to study whether work-home interference and perceived total workload predict SA due to stress-related mental diagnoses, or SA due to other mental diagnoses, among women and men, when adjusting for various confounders and familial factors.

    METHODS: This study included 11,916 twins, 19-47 years (49% women). Data on work-to-home and home-to-work conflicts, perceived total workload, and relevant confounders were derived from a 2005 survey, and national register data on SA spells until 2013 were obtained. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Discordant twin pair design was applied to adjust for familial factors.

    RESULTS: Each one unit increase in work-to-home and home-to-work conflicts, and perceived total workload was associated with higher odds for SA due to stress-related mental diagnoses and to SA due to other mental diagnoses among women, when adjusting for sociodemographic factors (ORs 1.15-1.31). Including health or familial factors, no associations remained. For men, each one unit increase in work-to-home conflicts was associated with higher odds for SA due to stress-related diagnoses (ORs 1.23-1.35), independently of confounders.

    CONCLUSION: Work-to-home conflict was independently associated with future SA due to stress-related diagnoses among men only. Health- and work-related factors seem to be important confounders when researching work-home interference, perceived total workload, and SA. Not including such confounders involves risking drawing incorrect conclusions. Further studies are needed to confirm sex differences and whether genetic factors are important for the associations studied.

  • 232. Thelwell, Richard C
    et al.
    Wagstaff, Christopher R D
    Chapman, Michael T
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Examining coaches' perceptions of how their stress influences the coach-athlete relationship.2017Ingår i: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 35, nr 19, s. 1928-1939Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study extends recent coach stress research by evaluating how coaches perceive their stress experiences to affect athletes, and the broader coach-athlete relationship. A total of 12 coaches working across a range of team sports at the elite level took part in semi-structured interviews to investigate the 3 study aims: how they perceive athletes to detect signals of coach stress; how they perceive their stress experiences to affect athletes; and, how effective they perceive themselves to be when experiencing stress. Following content analysis, data suggested that coaches perceived athletes able to detect when they were experiencing stress typically via communication, behavioural, and stylistic cues. Although coaches perceived their stress to have some positive effects on athletes, the overwhelming effects were negative and affected "performance and development", "psychological and emotional", and "behavioural and interaction" factors. Coaches also perceived themselves to be less effective when stressed, and this was reflected in their perceptions of competence, self-awareness, and coaching quality. An impactful finding is that coaches are aware of how a range of stress responses are expressed by themselves, and to how they affect athletes, and their coaching quality. Altogether, findings support the emerging view that coach stress affects their own, and athlete performance.

  • 233.
    Tidén, Anna
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Nyberg, Marie
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Development and Initial Validation of the NyTid Test: A Movement Assessment Tool for Compulsory School Pupils.2015Ingår i: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, ISSN 1091-367X, E-ISSN 1532-7841, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 34-43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the development process and initial validation of the NyTid test, a process-oriented movement assessment tool for compulsory school pupils. A sample of 1,260 (627 girls and 633 boys; mean age of 14.39) Swedish school children participated in the study. In the first step, exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were performed in Sample 1, consisting of one third of the participants. The EFA indicated that the 17 skills in the test could be reduced to 12 and divided into four factors. In the second step, the suggested factor structure was cross-validated with confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) in the larger Sample 2. The NyTid test adopts a holistic perspective in which qualitative criteria offer an alternative approach to product-oriented measurement. The study confirms that the NyTid test is a valid process-oriented assessment tool designed for typically developed children aged 12 and 16. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

  • 234.
    Tranaeus, Ulrika
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Post-injury psychology and return to sport: Frontline of sports psychology2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 235.
    Tranaeus, Ulrika
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Recovery from sport injuries, a psychological insight2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 236.
    Van Slingerland, Krista J
    et al.
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Durand-Bush, Natalie
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Bradley, Lindsay
    Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada..
    Goldfield, Gary
    Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada.
    Archambault, Roger
    University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada..
    Smith, Danika
    University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada..
    Edwards, Carla
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada..
    Delenardo, Samantha
    Student-Athlete Mental Health Initiative, Ottawa, Canada..
    Taylor, Shaunna
    Canadian Sport Psychology Association..
    Werthner, Penny
    Canadian Sport Psychology Association..
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada..
    Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) Position Statement: Principles of Mental Health in Competitive and High-Performance Sport.2019Ingår i: Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 1050-642X, E-ISSN 1536-3724, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 173-180Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The brave decision made by many Canadian athletes to share their experience with mental illness has fed a growing dialogue surrounding mental health in competitive and high-performance sport. To affect real change for individuals, sport culture must change to meet demands for psychologically safe, supportive, and accepting sport environments. This position statement addresses mental health in competitive and high-performance sport in Canada, presenting solutions to current challenges and laying a foundation for a unified address of mental health by the Canadian sport community. The paper emerged from the first phase of a multidisciplinary Participatory Action Research (PAR) project, in which a sport-focused mental health care model housed within the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) is currently being designed, implemented, and evaluated by a team of 20 stakeholders, in collaboration with several community partners and advisors.

  • 237.
    Van Slingerland, Krista J.
    et al.
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Durand-Bush, Natalie
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Collaboratively designing the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport (CCMHS) using Group Concept Mapping2019Ingår i: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, E-ISSN 1533-1571, s. 1-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are special considerations and challenges involved in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses in athletes (Glick & Horsfall, 2009). However, very few clinical psychologists and psychiatrists in Canada specialize in sport, representing a significant gap in mental health care service provision for this population. In this study, a group of expert sport and mental health stakeholders (n?=?17) employed a Participatory Action Research approach to design a specialized sport-focused mental health care model integrated within the Canadian Centre for Mental Health in Sport (CCMHS). Stakeholders engaged in focus group discussions to perform an environmental scan of the Canadian sport and mental health care contexts that laid the foundation for a group concept mapping (GCM) exercise. Using the Concepts Systems software, stakeholders individually produced statements that described the elements to include in a sport-specific mental health care model implemented within the CCMHS. A total of 106 unique statements were organized into 6 themed clusters, focusing on: (1) service delivery [40 statements], (2) communications and promotion [20 statements], (3) business, policy, and operations [19 statements], (4) partnerships [9 statements], (5) research [6 statements], and (6) education and training [6 statements]. These findings were operationalized to establish a sport-centered mental health care model and the CCMHS itself - the first Centre of its kind in Canada. GCM is seldom used to conduct sport research, thus the validity and reliability of this methodology was assessed.Lay Summary: In this study, 17 sport and mental health expert stakeholders participated in group concept mapping to design a sport-focused mental health care delivery model. The group produced 106 unique statements that were organized into six strategic priority areas and operationalized to establish the Canadian Centre for Mental Health and Sport.

  • 238. Von Thiele-Schwarz, Ulrika
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Leading on the highest competitive level without burning out: recovery buffer profiles among Olympic coaches and their association with burnout and positive health2012Ingår i: Proceedings from The 10th Annual Conference of the European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 239. Wagstaff, Christopher R. D.
    et al.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Thelwell, Richard C.
    The use of acceptance and commitment therapy for stress management interventions in football2019Ingår i: Football Psychology: From Theory to Practice / [ed] Erkut Konter, Jürgen Beckmann, Todd M. Loughead, London: Routledge, 2019, s. 198-211Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Stressors have been reported to occur in a wide variety of competitive sports, including football, with numerous positive and negative outcomes. Nevertheless, what is apparent in elite sport is that the demands faced by individuals often require intervention to optimize well-being and performance. The aim of this chapter is to focus on elite-level players’ experiences of stress and describe these within the theoretical framework of acceptance commitment therapy (ACT). A brief hypothetical case is presented to showcase some typical performance issues related to stress in a young emerging player at the age of 18 years. This is followed by a brief overview of stress in competitive sport in general and more specifically in football. Subsequently, the theoretical model of ACT is described together with some specific applied interventions aiming to enhance performance and well-being.

  • 240.
    Walker, Imogen J
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Redding, Emma
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    A mixed methods investigation of dropout in young dancers: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Ingår i: Journal of Dance Medicine and Science, ISSN 1089-313X, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 65-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand reasons for dropout from a dance-talent program in the UK, using a mixed methods design. In-depth interviews were conducted with ten dropout students to explore the influencing factors in their decision to leave the program. In order to triangulate  these findings, reasons for dropout were then examined from descriptive records of 147 young dancers who had withdrawn from the talent program over a four-year period. Overall, the most frequently cited reasons for dropping out were conflicting demands, change in aspirations, course content,  difficulty making friends, and lost passion. Injury, financial factors, low perceived competence, and teacher behavior emerged as minor reasons. Intervention strategies that focus on changes in course content may be the easiest to implement and most effective means to enhance student retention.

  • 241.
    Walker, Imogen J
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire for Music and Dance.
    Redding, Emma
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire for Music and Dance.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    The development of young talented dancers: an interdisciplinary perspective2012Ingår i: DANCING TIMES, ISSN 0011-605X, Vol. 102, nr 1220, s. 21-24Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 242.
    Watson, Debbie
    et al.
    Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Chappell, Kerry
    University of Exeter.
    Facilitating and nurturing creativity in pre-vocational dancers: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Ingår i: Research in Dance Education, ISSN 1464-7893, E-ISSN 1470-1111, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 153-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study investigation into creativity involving young dancers and faculty members on the UK government-funded pre-vocational contemporary dance training programme. Qualitative research techniques were used to gather and interpret data on how individuals nurtured and viewed creativity at an individual level, as well as how the facilitation of creativity was perceived and manifested at a teaching and institutional level. Findings suggest that nurturing creativity at a within-person level involves the evolution and development of personality characteristics and abilities in both direct and indirect ways. Two other factors were influential at this level, namely inspiration and motivation. At an interpersonal and environmental level, the study found that a communal and collaborative approach underpinned the nurture of creativity in the setting. Additionally, teaching styles which supported the development of dancers’ own voice alongside dance skills were critical in helping to encourage and realise creativity in young people. The study sheds light on the constantly evolving and dynamic processes involved when nurturing and facilitating creativity.

  • 243.
    Williams, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Birmingham.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    University of Birmingham.
    Ntoumanis, Nikos
    University of Birmingham.
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Ramsey, Richard
    Université Catholique de Louvain.
    Hall, Craig
    University of Western Ontario.
    Further Validation and Development of the Movement Imagery Questionnaire2012Ingår i: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 621-646Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research validated and extended the Movement Imagery Questionnaire-Revised (MIQ-R; Hall & Martin, 1997). Study 1 (N = 400) examined the MIQ-R’s factor structure via multitrait-multimethod confirmatory factor analysis. The questionnaire was then modified in Study 2 (N = 370) to separately assess the ease of imaging external visual imagery and internal visual imagery, as well as kinesthetic imagery (termed the Movement Imagery Questionnaire-3; MIQ-3). Both Studies 1 and 2 found that a correlated-traits correlated-uniqueness model provided the best fit to the data, while displaying gender invariance and no significant differences in latent mean scores across gender. Study 3 ( N = 97) demonstrated the MIQ-3’s predictive validity revealing the relationships between imagery ability and observational learning use. Findings highlight the method effects that occur by assessing each type of imagery ability using the same four movements  and demonstrate that better imagers report greater use of observational learning.

  • 244. Williams, Sarah
    et al.
    Cumming, Jennifer
    Ntoumanis, Nikos
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Ramsey, Richard
    Hall, Craig
    Validation of the Movement Imagery Questionnaire – 3.2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 245.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Balans, återhämtning och utveckling i rollen som tränare2018Ingår i: Idrottens ledarskap, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2018, s. 111-125Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Tränare behöver precis som idrottare hitta vägar för att utvecklas, må bra och prestera över tid. [...] Detta kapitel handlar om hur viktigt det är att ha en balanserad totalbelastning vilket innebär att de grundläggande förutsättningarna finns på plats: äta bra, sova och ha möjlighet till psykosocial återhämtning.

  • 246.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Elitens osynliga ohälsa2015Ingår i: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 24, nr 4, s. 32-35Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Cirka 30 procent av svenska elitidrottare har upplevt psykisk ohälsa under karriären, visar ny forskning. Elitidrottare lider sannolikt av psykisk ohälsa i samma eller något högre grad än normalbefolkningen. De som drabbas lider ofta i det tysta och avstår dessutom från söka hjälp för sina problem.

  • 247.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Idrottens psykologi2018Ingår i: Specialidrott: Tränings- och tävlingslära, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2018, s. 109-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 248.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    The prevalence and stories of Mental Health Problems in elite sport2019Ingår i: Proceedings of The 15th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), 2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 249.
    Åkesdotter, Cecilia
    et al.
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH, Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap, Forskningsgruppen för idrottspsykologi.
    Eloranta, Sandra
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Franck, Johan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    The prevalence of Mental Health Problems in elite athletes2019Ingår i: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The first aim was to examine mental health problems (MHP) in elite athletes addressing prevalence, sex-differences, onset, recurrent episodes, help-seeking, symptoms of specific disorders and previous psychiatric diagnoses. The second aim was to investigate if sport-specific instruments could indicate clinical levels of psychiatric symptoms.

    Design

    Cross-sectional survey.

    Methods

    Elite athletes (representing different Swedish national teams and applying for a university scholarship (n = 333) answered a web-based survey. Females represented 58.9%. Mean age was 24.6(±3.1) years and 77.2% were individual-and 22.8% team-sport athletes.

    Results

    Lifetime prevalence of MHP was 51.7% (females 58.2%, males 42.3%). Point prevalence was 11.7% (females 13.8%, males 8.8%). Onset of first MHP episode peaked at age 19 with 50% of onsets between ages 17–21. Recurrent episodes were common, and females sought help more than males (females 37.8%, males 16.8%). Overall 19.5% reached the clinical cut-offs for symptoms of anxiety and/or depression (females 26.0%, males 10.2%). Previous psychiatric diagnoses existed among 8.1% (females 10.7%, males 4.4%). A depressive disorder, an eating disorder or a trauma and stress related disorder (self-reported as burnout) were most common. Finally, most sport-specific instruments (80%) demonstrated a fair diagnostic accuracy compared to clinically validated instruments.

    Conclusions

    Lifetime prevalence of MHP was reported by more than half of the athletes. Symptoms manifested in young age and recurrent episodes were common. Sport-specific instruments indicating when symptoms reach clinical levels are potentially useful for data summary purposes on a group level, but without sufficiently high sensitivity and specificity to be recommend for applied work with athletes.

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