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  • 1.
    Carlsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    The Coaching Behavior Scale for Sport (CBS-S): A psychometric evaluation of the Swedish version.2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 116-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study validated a Swedish version of the 47-item Coaching Behavior Scale for Sport (CBS-S). Sample 1 consisted of 506 team sport athletes [262 men and 244 women; mean age: 22.20, standard deviation (SD) = 3.90] distributed across 41 coaches at the two highest national levels of various sports. Athletes completed the CBS-S and established questionnaires of coaching behaviors (LSS), self-confidence (CSAI-2R), and coach-athlete relationship (CART-Q). An additional sample of 39 basketball players (21 men and 18 women; mean age = 17.40, SD = 2.39) completed the CBS-S twice, approximately 4 weeks apart. Confirmatory factor analysis showed an acceptable model fit for the seven-factor version of the CBS-S, although two items of the negative personal rapport subscale displayed insufficient factor loadings. Correlations between the subscales of the CBS-S and established instruments were in accordance with theoretical expectations, supporting the concurrent validity. Cronbach's alpha (> 0.82) for all dimensions provided support for the reliability of the CBS-S, and test-retest correlations indicated moderate stability over time. Cultural differences in the assessment of coaching behaviors and the usability of the CBS-S by coaches for self-reflection and development are discussed.

  • 2.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro universiet.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Burnout in athletes: A comparison between team and individual sports2006In: Proceedings of the 11th European College of Sports Sciences (ECSS) congress. Schweiz: Lausanne, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Prevalence of burnout in adolescent athletes2007In: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, no 21, p. 21-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstad universitet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet .
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Durand-Bush, Natalie
    Ottawa University.
    The process of burnout: A multiple case study of three elite endurance athletes2007In: International Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 0047-0767, no 38, p. 388-416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5. Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Podlog, Lesley
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Positive psychology and elite sport: a potential nurturing relationship?2013In: Proceedings from The 13th European Congress of Psychology (ECP 2013)., 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6. Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Skoog, Therese
    Podlog, Leslie
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Hope and Athlete Burnout: Stress and Affect as Mediators2013In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    In this study we examined the relationship between trait hope and burnout in elite junior soccer players and whether stress and positive and negative affect mediated this relationship.

    Methods

    Participants were 238 Swedish soccer players (166 males, 71 females; one did not indicate gender) aged 15–19 years who completed questionnaires measuring trait hope, perceived stress, positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout (i.e., emotional/physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation).

    Results

    Bivariate correlations were consistent with hope theory contentions indicating significant negative relationships between hope and all three burnout dimensions. The relationship between hope and emotional/physical exhaustion was fully mediated by stress and positive affect. For sport devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment, stress and positive affect partially mediated the relationship with hope. In contrast, negative affect did not mediate the relationship between hope and any of the burnout dimensions.

    Conclusion

    The results support earlier findings that hope is negatively related to athlete burnout. Support was also found for the hypothesis that high hope individuals would experience less stress and therefore less burnout. Promoting hope may be relevant in reducing the likelihood of this detrimental syndrome.

  • 7. Hassmén, Peter
    et al.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Utvärdering av den Idrottspsykologiska profilen: IPS-profilen©2006Report (Other academic)
  • 8. Hassmén, Peter
    et al.
    Raglin, JS
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Intra-individual variability in state anxiety and self-confidence in elite golfers2004In: Journal of Sport Behavior, ISSN 0162-7341, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 277-290Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Fallby, Johan
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Kartläggning av det idrottspsykologiska området med avseende på svensk elitidrott2006Report (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    A case of burnout: The withdrawal of an Olympic head coach two years prior the games2005In: Proceedings on CDROM of the International Society of Sport Psychology 11th world congress of sport psychology. Sydney, Australia., 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Effektiv återhämtning – ett framgångsrecept2010In: Svensk Idrottsmedicin, ISSN 1103-7652, no 1, p. 4-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Från ung och lovande till färdig seniorelit: Kritiska aspekter ur ett idrottspsykologiskt perspektiv2007In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 1, p. 22-25Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    What do you want to feel as a head coach?2007In: The 12th European Congress of Sport Psychology. Halkidiki, Grekland., 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Bjurner, Pontus
    Bättre prestation & hälsa med KBT: fakta, inspiration, fallbeskrivningar2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Burnout from working life to sporting life.2013In: Proceedings from The 13th European Congress of Psychology (ECP 2013). Stockholm, Sweden, European Federation of Psychologists’ Association , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Kenttä, Göran
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Raedeke, Thomas
    A self-determination perspective on recovery and burnout status in aesthetic sport athletes2010In: Proceedings from The 25th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology., Providence, Rhode Island, USA, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Klockare, Ellinore
    et al.
    Karlstad universitet.
    Gustafson, Henrik
    Karlstad universitet.
    Davis, Paul
    Northumbria University, UK.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Track and field athletes' experiences and perceived effects of flotation-REST.2015In: International Journal of Sport Psychology, ISSN 0047-0767, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 409-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has highlighted flotation-REST as a promising method for relaxation and performance enhancement in sport; however, to further evaluate the use of flotation-REST in an athletic environment, additional research is warranted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six elite track and field athletes about their experiences and perceived effects of flotation-REST. Athletes were interviewed twice; once for their immediate response and again to explore their perceptions of flotation-REST over time. The data was analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Flotation-REST was perceived as pleasant and relaxing. Five athletes reported less stress and an overall increase in well-being for one or two days afterwards, although they felt physically tired during training sessions. Being in a better mood, placing fewer demands on themselves, and feeling more optimistic and present were also perceived effects. This study shows the potential of flotation-REST as a technique for health promotion, stress management, and a means to practise mindfulness. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

  • 18. Lindwall, Magnus
    et al.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Att mäta äpplen och tolka päron: Ett kritiskt förhållningssätt till mätning och psykometri inom idrottsforskning2004In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 52-55Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Competing under pressure: state anxiety, sports performance and assessment2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Elevated levels of anxiety are a common response to stressful competitive sports situations, are known to moderate athletic performance and are referred to as an unpleasant emotional state associated with perceptions of situational threat. The empirical studies in this dissertation considered primarily psychometric, methodological and conceptual issues of relevance for the study of anxiety and sports performance. In Study I, athletes were followed across a full competitive season to explore patterns of inter- and intra-individual variability of anxiety and self-confidence in relation to performance. The findings imply intra-individual anxiety and self-confidence variability to affect performance differently than the specific intensity level and are discussed in relation to more stable personality dispositions such as private self-consciousness. Study II evaluated the psychometric properties of the 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and alternative versions of this scale. General support for a 17-item version (CSAI-2R) was found, but there are also psychometric limitations future research needs to resolve. Study III investigated assessment of intensity and directional ratings on single anxiety items with reference to the conceptualisation of anxiety symptoms as interpreted on a debilitative-facilitative continuum. The findings question the importance and rationale of assessing anxiety direction and revealed serious concerns with assessment procedures and statistical techniques applied in previous research. These concerns were also supported in Study IV, which explored athletes’ idiosyncratic experiences of debilitative and facilitative anxiety symptoms in terms of intensity and emotional valence. The findings are discussed and summarised in a model in order to increase conceptual clarity and provide implications for future research regarding anxiety and related emotional performance states.

  • 20.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Distractions in the attention of bowling players2000In: Proceedings from sport psychology conference in the new millennium. Halmstad University, Sweden: Centre for Sport Science., 2000, p. 269-273Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Tävlingsängslan/oro inom tävlingsidrott: Kan negativa reaktioner också vara positiva?2003In: Svensk idrottspsykologisk förenings årsbok, Vol. 1, p. 86-96Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Well-being in competitive sports – the feel-good factor?: A review of conceptual considerations in well-being research2011In: International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1750-9858, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 109-127Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarizes the topic of well-being as it applies to competitive athletes, with a particular focus on definitional and conceptual issues. Established definitions within research on human happiness and flourishing based on the hedonic and eudaimonic perspectives are contrasted against definitions applied within sport psychology. The majority of the reviewed sport psychology studies either failed to define well-being or used a variety of labels to describe the construct (e.g., subjective well-being, psychological well-being, mental well-being). A large number of assessments have been used to assess well-being among athletes, but most were applied with only a weak theoretical rationale and did not distinguish between well-being at the global and sport levels. It is concluded that well-being studies within sport psychology have been hampered by conceptual ambiguity, which makes it difficult to compare results across studies and generalize findings in order to develop a sound theoretical base of knowledge. Future research needs to more explicitly define the conceptual framework of well-being and the level (global or context-specific) on which the construct is investigated. Toward this goal, an integrated model is presented to provide a conceptual well-being structure in sport studies, and future directions for research are discussed.

  • 23.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet.
    KBT en del i modern idrottspsykologi.2014In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 36-40Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samtidigt som idrottspsykologi har blivit accepterad i både idrott och forskning ökar kraven på vetenskapliga metoder i det tillämpade arbetet. Fler och fler idrottspsykologiska rådgivare använder sig av kognitiv beteendeterapi. Det är en naturlig utveckling mot en modern idrottspsykologi.

    Inom den idrottspsykologiska tillämpade litteraturen hörs fler och fler röster som förespråkar ett tydligare evidensbaserat arbetssätt. Evidensbaserade metoder och evidensbaserade arbetssätt har under snart två decennier varit vanligt inom sjukvården, både inom det medicinska och psykologiska fältet. Historiskt har både klinisk psykologi och idrottspsykologi många gånger fått kämpa för att bli respekterade i förhållande till medicin och fysiologi.

    Det har helt enkelt inte alltid ansetts som självklart att kroppen har ett huvud och huvudet har en kropp, och att de två därför samverkar. Att kunna visa upp vetenskapliga bevis har blivit allt viktigare för att få professionellt erkännande. Men inriktningen mot att kräva mer vetenskapliga bevis har också mött kritik, bland annat eftersom det riskerar att utesluta psykologiska modeller som är svåra att forska på eller att hämma kreativiteten och innovationskraften hos rådgivare och terapeuter.

  • 24.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2: Evaluating the Swedish version by confirmatory factor analyses2005In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 727-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) is one of the most frequently used instruments when assessing competitive state anxiety in sport psychology research. However, doubts have been expressed about the factorial validity of both the English and the Greek versions of the scale. Hence, a revised version of the inventory (CSAI-2R) has recently been suggested to be more psychometrically sound (Cox et al., 2003). In the present study, the aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the CSAI-2 using confirmatory factor analyses. A total of 969 athletes (571 men and 398 women) competing in 26 different sports completed the Swedish version of the CSAI-2. Three different factor structures were evaluated: the original three-factor model (with cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence), a two-factor model in which self-confidence was excluded, and a three-factor model containing 17 items (CSAI-2R). The results revealed that only the 17-item model displayed an acceptable fit to the data. Although some doubts remain about the amount of variance that can be attributed to error variance in the subscales, the results suggest that it is better to use the CSAI-2R rather than the original CSAI-2.

  • 25.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Ibland nervös och ibland lugn - har variationen av tävlingsängslan betydelse för prestationen?2003In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 16-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Measurement and testing in sport psychology: General or sport-specific?2001In: Aktuell beteendevetenskaplig idrottsforskning. SVEBI:s Årsbok, p. 147-154Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Är 17 bättre än 27 - och för vem?: Utvärdering av CSAI-2 och CSAI-2R på kvinnliga och manliga idrottare2005In: Svensk idrottspsykologisk förenings årsbok, Vol. 3, p. 127-137Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Är positiva prestationsemotioner viktigare än vi tidigare trott?2006In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 3, p. 48-51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Hinic, Hansi
    Halmstad högskola.
    Swedish soccer coaches perception of youth sport2001In: Proceedings from the International Society of Sport Psychology 10th world congress of sport psychology, Vol 5 (pp 53-55). Thessaloniki, Greece: Christodoulidi Publications., 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Assessing positive emotions: The Emotional Recovery Questionnaire (EmRecQ)2009In: The 12th ISSP World congress of sport psychology, Marrakesh Marocco, June 17-21 2009, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Development and psychometric evaluation of the Basic and Earning Self-Esteem Scale (BESES)2007In: The 12th European Congress of Sport Psychology. Halkidiki, Grekland, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Emotioner inom idrott och dess betydelse för återhämtning2008In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 40-45Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Emotionernas betydelse för återhämtning och tillämpning av emotionella mätinstrument inom idrotten2008In: Idrottarens återhämtningsbok: Fysiologiska, psykologiska och näringsmässiga fakta för snabb och effektiv återhämtning, Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2008, p. 343-358Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Funktionell emotionell återhämning inom idrotten: Mindre av det negativa eller mer av det positiva?2009In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 4, p. 54-57Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Positive emotions are not simply the absence of the negative ones:: Development and validation of the Emotional Recovery Questionnaire (EmRecQ).2010In: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 24, p. 468-488Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the Emotional Recovery Questionnaire (EmRecQ) and to describe athletes’ individual response patterns in five repeated assessments using the EmRecQ. Three samples were used. Samples 1 and 2 consisted of 192 and 379 (Mean age 16.4 years, SD = 0.7 and Mean age: 17.0 years, SD = 1.1) elite athletes from different sports. The third sample consisted of 20 (Mean age: 21.3, SD = 19.0) female elite basketball players. The EmRecQ is a 22-item questionnaire that assesses Happiness, Security, Harmony, Love, and Vitality. Results showed acceptable weighted omega reliability and construct reliability. Confirmatory factor analyses supported the a priori specified five-factor correlated model. Case profiles of repeated assessments revealed individual response patterns of the separate EmRecQ subscales that corresponded well with rated training load and total quality of recovery. The findings provide support for the EmRecQ’s psychometric properties and applied usefulness.

  • 36.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Simmares tolkning av negativa påståenden - kan den bli positiv?2004In: Svensk idrottspsykologisk förenings årsbok, Vol. 2, p. 103-117Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Swimmers' idiographic descriptions of intensity and direction of anxiety as measured by the Revised Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2R)2005In: Proceedings on CDROM of the International Society of Sport Psychology 11th world congress of sport psychology. Sydney, Australia, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    The Emotional Recovery Questionnaire (EmRecQ): Monitoring athletes’ positive emotions to prevent under-recovery and to facilitate subjective well-being2010In: Proceedings from The 25th Annual Conference of the Association for the Applied Sport Psychology., Providence, Rhode Island, USA: Association for the Applied Sport Psychology , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Durand-Bush, N
    Gustafsson, H
    On the distinction between debilitative and facilitative states of competitive anxiety: an idiographic approachManuscript (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Durand-Bush, Nathalie
    Ottawa university.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet.
    On the distinction between debilitative and facilitative states of competitive state anxiety: An idiographic approach2009Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Raglin, John. S
    Indiana University-Bloomington.
    Directional anxiety responses in elite and sub-elite young athletes:: Intensity of anxiety symptoms matter2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 853-862Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective was to examine the differences in anxiety ratings of elite and sub-elite athletes when the relationship between intensity and direction scores of anxiety ratings is considered in analyses. Participants were 31 junior elite (Mean age: 17.7, SD = 1.1) and 53 sub-elite (Mean age: 17.5 years, SD = 1.1) cross-country skiers and swimmers who completed the direction modified CSAI-2R before important competitions. Results showed that elite athletes  rated a higher percent of items as facilitative to their performance whereas sub-elite athletes rated a higher percent of items as debilitative. No significant differences between the elite and sub-elite samples were displayed regarding rated direction scores of cognitive or somatic anxiety at moderate to high intensity levels. A significant difference in facilitative anxiety ratings was displayed at a low anxiety intensity level (Z = -2.20, p < .05). Outcome performance data showed no consistent congruence with athletes’ anxiety direction ratings. The findings suggest that facilitative direction scores are a consequence of low anxiety intensity, possibly combined with high self-confidence levels. Directional anxiety researchers analysing separate total scores of intensity and direction respectively, which is the traditional approach, may draw incorrect conclusions about the importance of facilitative ratings of anxiety symptoms.  

  • 42.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Raglin, John. S
    Indiana University-Bloomington.
    Elite junior national skiers and swimmers do not report facilitative precompetition anxiety responses2006In: Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine 53rd Annual Meeting. USA: Denver, Colorado., 2006, p. 278-278Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Raglin, JS
    Elite Junior National Skiers and Swimmers Do Not Report Facilitative Precompetition Anxiety Responses2006In: Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine 53rd Annual Meeting, 2006, p. 278-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Raglin, John S
    Indiana University-Bloomington.
    The relationship of basic need satisfaction, motivational climate and personality to well-being and stress patterns among elite athletes: An explorative study2015In: Motivation and Emotion, ISSN 0146-7239, E-ISSN 1573-6644, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 237-246Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated whether need satisfaction, need dissatisfaction, motivational climate, perfectionism and self-esteem relate to athletes’ discrete profiles of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being and perceived stress. Participants were 103 elite active orienteers (49 men and 54 women; mean age = 22.3 ± 4.4) who clustered into three distinctive well-being and stress patterns: Cluster 1 (lower well-being/higher stress; n = 26), Cluster 2 (higher well-being/lower stress; n = 39), and Cluster 3 (moderate well-being/moderate stress; n = 36). Cluster 1 and 2 constituted distinct well-being/stress profiles and differed significantly (p < .01) in mastery-oriented climate, need satisfaction, need dissatisfaction, perfectionistic concerns and self-esteem scores. A discriminant analysis showed these five variables to correctly assign 88 % of Cluster 1 and 2 participants into their respective groups, although mastery-oriented climate was revealed as a less influential indicator (function loading <.40). The substantial function loading of need dissatisfaction supports the importance of assessing both need satisfaction and dissatisfaction as they contribute uniquely to well-being.

  • 45.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Sandin, Fredrik
    Eliten känner välbefinnande i många dimensioner2011In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 53-57Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett högt välbefinnande över tid är närmast en förutsättning för en lång och framgångsrik idrottskarriär. Intervjuade elitorienterare lyfte fram ett flertal färdigheter som de ansåg vara positiva för deras välbefinnande och som går att träna upp, till exempel att acceptera sig själv som person och idrottare, att behålla sin autonomi, att känna meningsfullhet och ha positiva relationer till andra.

  • 46.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Sandin, Fredrik
    Well-being in elite sport: Dimensions of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being among elite orienteers2014In: The Sport psychologist, ISSN 0888-4781, E-ISSN 1543-2793, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 245-254Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined subjective (SWB), psychological (PWB) and social well-being (Social WB) at a global and sport contextual level among ten elite orienteers (6 women and 4 men, median age = 20.4, range 18 to 30) by employing semi-structured interviews. Athletes described SWB as an interplay of satisfaction with life, sport experiences and perceived health combined with experienced enjoyment and happiness in both ordinary life and sport. SWB and PWB interacted, and important psychological functioning among the elite athletes included, among other things, abilities to adopt value-driven behaviors, be part of functional relationships, and to self-regulate one’s autonomy. The ability to organize and combine ordinary life with elite sport, and the use of strategies to protect the self during setbacks was also emphasized. For a comprehensive theoretical understanding of well-being applicable to elite athletes, the need for a holistic view considering both global and sport-specific aspects of WB is discussed.

  • 47.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Sandin, Fredrik
    Umeå universitet.
    Hassmén, Peter
    Umeå universitet.
    Är elitidrottaren tillräckligt emotionellt intelligent för att kunna hantera stressen?2009In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, no 4, p. 10-14Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Tidén, Anna
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Nyberg, Marie
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Development and Initial Validation of the NyTid Test: A Movement Assessment Tool for Compulsory School Pupils.2015In: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, ISSN 1091-367X, E-ISSN 1532-7841, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 34-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the development process and initial validation of the NyTid test, a process-oriented movement assessment tool for compulsory school pupils. A sample of 1,260 (627 girls and 633 boys; mean age of 14.39) Swedish school children participated in the study. In the first step, exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were performed in Sample 1, consisting of one third of the participants. The EFA indicated that the 17 skills in the test could be reduced to 12 and divided into four factors. In the second step, the suggested factor structure was cross-validated with confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) in the larger Sample 2. The NyTid test adopts a holistic perspective in which qualitative criteria offer an alternative approach to product-oriented measurement. The study confirms that the NyTid test is a valid process-oriented assessment tool designed for typically developed children aged 12 and 16. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

1 - 48 of 48
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