Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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  • 1. Bergström, Ylva
    et al.
    Schantz, Peter
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, The Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment.
    Brunnsvikenguiden1992In: Hagabladet - en tidning för natur och kultur vid Haga-Brunnsviken, no 4-5, p. 3-8Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    Brunnsvikenguiden
  • 2.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för barn- och ungdomsvetenskap.
    Aesthetic learning processes – feelings and sensations of skate- and snowboarding2008In: Designs for learning: Defining the field, 2008, p. 1-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skateboarding and snowboarding are practices loaded with symbolic expressions. They are also activities profoundly understood as physical. This paper will investigate the narrated impressions of these activities – in other words the expressions of impressions. Skateboarding and snowboarding are discussed as aesthetic learning processes, which to a large extent are both bodily and informal. The paper builds on ethnographic fieldwork and cultural analysis. Kirsten Drotner’s theory of aesthetic practices is used as a starting point. Aesthetic practices/production works on three levels: the individual, the social and the cultural. The individual level is characterised in terms of emotional intensity and corporality. The sensation is described as so encompassing that it becomes ones life, ones identity. The body is acutely present in these descriptions. It is the body that experiences, and it is there that the sensation of riding comes alive.

  • 3.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för barn- och ungdomsvetenskap.
    Good ethnography smells bad: On aesthetic experience in qualitative research2008In: Sveriges antropologförbunds årliga konferens (SANT): Visuell kultur, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aesthetic learning processes are being notified in current Swedish pedagogical research. The philosophical term aesthetics is used in multiple modes, some of them borrowing an agenda from the studies of fine art, some more with inspiration from cultural studies and popular culture. In this emerging field both ethnography and every-day-aesthetics are in focus. Despite new ways of doing ethnography the results still tend to look (!) like traditional ethnography. Field-notes saturated with sensuous and stinking data; e.g. moist socks, sweaty t-shirts and car fumes, still tend to depend upon written texts and photography as scientific proof. Moreover ethnography is still judged against a positivistic framework drawing from natural science. Is a change required? And in that case, can the future of visual anthropology challenge this hegemonic scientific paradigm?

  • 4.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för barn- och ungdomsvetenskap.
    Style in physical activity2008In: Bonds and Communities. Young people and their social ties.: The 10th Nordic Youth Research Information Symposium, 2008, p. 58-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aesthetic expressions in youth culture have been studied extensively. For the British CCCS and its followers the concept of style is regularly used to explain dress codes, hair fashion and other physical appearances. Sub culture is an often-used term, which enclose these types of expressions, in addition frequently connected to certain kinds music. Lately a growing number of studies on sub culture and sport have been presented. This implies an interest in a slightly different aspect of style – the one focusing more on style in physical activity. The leaderless boarding culture revolves primarily around style and physical bodily activity, in contrast to punk for example, which is held together by style and music. Thus it can be argued that identity through board sports is more clearly incorporated through physical performance. This presentation attempts to fill some of the gap in research around style in physical activity. It focuses bodily aesthetic expressions in skateboarding and the concept of style in relation to the moving body. Style in both senses mentioned above, communicates and creates both bonds and communities. Building on empirical studies on skateboarding in Sweden between 1978-2002, it is argued that also style in physical activity is significant for the construction of cultural and social values. Moreover style in this sense has a highly performative aspect.

  • 5.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Dahl, Dagmar
    Nord universitet, Bodö, Norge.
    Begegnen - Bewege - Bewältigen: Die ästhetische Attraktivität des Schwimmens in der Natur - eine Textanalyse2024In: Schwimmen und Baden in Geschichte, Kultur und Gesellschaft / [ed] Krüger, M. & Herzog, M., Hildesheim: Arete Verlag , 2024, 1, p. 77-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6. Henriksson, Jan
    et al.
    Rosdahl, Hans
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH.
    Schantz, Peter
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment.
    Wallberg, Harriet
    Per-Olof Åstrand: Nekrolog2015Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Nekrolog över Per-Olof Åstrand

    Professor emeritus Per-Olof Åstrand har avlidit i en ålder av 92 år. Hans närmaste anhöriga är makan Irma och barnen Elin och Per med familjer.

    Per-Olof Åstrand föddes i Bredaryd i Småland den 21 oktober 1922, och avled den 2 januari 2015 i Näsby Park norr om Stockholm. Efter värnplikt och beredskapstjänstgöring i pansartrupperna under andra världskriget kom han 1944 till Kungl. Gymnastiska Centralinstitutet (GCI/GIH) för studier till gymnastiklärare. Vid sluttentamen i fysiologi var hans svar så avancerade att den ansvarige läraren bad professorn, Erik Hohwü Christensen, att rätta dem. Kort därefter fick GCI:s fysiologiska institution en ny amanuens.

    Efter gymnastikdirektörsexamen 1946 följde läkarstudier, och parallellt med dessa inleddes avhandlingsarbetet  ”Experimental studies of physical working capacity in relation to sex and age”, som försvarades 1952. Genom detta utvecklades en metodik för att mäta maximal syreupptagning. Det blev en avgörande variabel att relatera till i hans senare forskning om den cirkulatoriska och respiratoriska anpassningen till fysiskt arbete och träning. Det submaximala konditionstest som P.-O., och hans blivande hustru Irma Ryhming, publicerade år 1954 bidrog till att göra GCI känt över världen. Det finns fog att benämna honom som ”den vetenskapligt baserade konditionsträningens fader”. 1970 blev han professor i kroppsövningarnas fysiologi vid GIH.

    P.-O. visade tidigt ett stort intresse för undervisning, och många mötte honom i populärvetenskapliga skrifter såsom ”Kondition och hälsa” och ”Bättre kondition”, men det var genom den omfattande läroboken ”Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases for Exercise”, skriven tillsammans med Kaare Rodahl, som han blev det riktigt stora namnet inom internationell arbetsfysiologi. Där framträdde holisten Åstrand med en bredd och ett djup som ingen förr hade fångat och skrivit fram. Denna bok, P.-O:s pedagogiska förmåga och engagemang har haft avgörande betydelse för många studenter och kolleger.

    Hans gärningar gjorde honom till ledamot i många lärda sällskap och hedersdoktor vid ett antal universitet ute i världen. Därtill var han en hedersman, med en personlighet präglad av en stor omtanke, slagkraftig humor och generös spiritualitet, ofta med inslag av en särpräglad musikalisk förmåga. För oss som studenter och lärare vid GIH kom samvaron med P.-O. ofta att formas till högtidsstunder. En legendar har nu lämnat oss i djupaste sorg, men också i tacksamhet över allt han bidrog med i våra liv.

    Jan Henriksson

    Hans Rosdahl

    Peter Schantz

    Harriet Wallberg

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  • 7.
    Karlsson, Jesper
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    ”Alltså vi har kul tillsammans, vi har kul som lag liksom”: Hur maskulinitet(er) konstrueras och iscensätts inom pojkungdomshockeyn2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    The aim of the study on a more general level was to illuminate how players and leaders in an adolescent male ice hockey team constructs and stage masculinities. Due to recent shifts in the society regarding the norms of normality and masculinity the aim of the study was to examine how this affects the construction of masculinity. The following questions guided the investigation: How does players and leaders relate to orthodox and inclusive ideals of masculinity? What norms regarding sexuality become clear in the team? What norms regarding ethnicity become clear in the team?

    Methodology:

    The methods used in the study were participant observations of an adolescent male elite hockey team and qualitative interviews with four of the players in the team. The team consisted of players between 15-17 years old and some of the players had another ethnicity than Swedish. The observations and the interviews were analyzed by a deductive approached from the theories of queer theory, hegemonic masculinity theory and inclusive masculinity theory, and also with a thematic content analysis.

    Result:

    The results indicate that much of the activities in the adolescent male hockey team were about producing players to take the next step of their careers. It also seems like the players were prepared to expose their bodies to a lot of pressure that sometimes lead to injuries. Some of the players talked about the pressure that makes them play with injuries were the chance to show off their abilities was one particular reason for doing this. Some statements are also said about the  fighting in the sport were players told that these fights occur due to the fun of it and also because of the trash talk that is occurring on the ice. There is also some examples of how heterosexuality is normative in the team and is emphasized by the players and the leaders. However two of the interviewed players imply that they would not mind if some of the players in the team came out as gay. To some degree a Swedish ethnicity is the unproblematic origin and players from other countries sometimes gets commentaries because of their ethnicity.

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  • 8.
    Keskikangas, Agnes
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Kulturmötet i capoeiran i Sverige  : en kulturantropologisk undersökning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    Capoeira is a sport and art form strongly associated with the Brazilian culture. The main aim of the study was to examine how the capoeira is introduced into the Swedish society. Also to study the practitioners and trainers experience around the culture meeting. The questions were the following: What differences and similarities exist within capoeira in Sweden and Brazil? How are Swedish practitioners and trainers from a Western culture affected by the culture meeting? How are the Brazilian coaches in Sweden affected by the culture meeting? Is there a Culture crash between the Brazilian and Western cultures in capoeira?

     

    Method

    Qualitative interviews were chosen as an approach because it was considered appropriate in terms of the purpose and questions of the study. To strengthen the validity of the study was a targeted sample of Swedish practitioners, Swedish and Brazilian trainers to get different perspectives. All were residents in Sweden and active in capoeira. Six persons were interviewed about their experiences of the cultural meeting. The empirical material was analyzed on the basis of previous research and the theoretical framework of the study.

     

    Results

    Previous research and the current study show that the prevailing norms and traditions within the capoeira are not based on the Swedish society. They are based on the Brazilian culture and are found to have a major impact on the Swedish practitioners. The results and also show clear cultural differences based on the two opposing ideologies: individual-centred and group-centred ideology. This creates, in some cases, both opposition and incomprehension.

    Conclusions

    Both Swedish and Brazilian performers are interested in preserving capoeiran culture and traditions, but at the same time capoeira needs some adaptation to the Swedish culture and society. The Brazilian and Swedish practitioners and trainers emphasize the need for a degree of tolerance and understanding of the cultural meeting to avoid conflicts and to be able to interact. 

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  • 9.
    Kilger, Magnus
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.
    Hellström, John S.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport History Research Group.
    “- How does it feel right now?”: A narrative analysis of sports-interviews after performance2019In: The Society of the Study of Narrative Annual Conference, ISSN / [ed] James Phelan, Georgetown: Ohio State University Press, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Success stories and heroic tales are recurrently investigated narrative genres in literature (Propp, 1998), journalism (Lule, 2001) and, not the least, in sports (Hellström, 2014). In sports, we repeatedly hear athletes explain their performance at half-time or give us reflections on a recently completed competition. However, these stories are not produced in a social vacuum; they are part of a discursive framework and a product of time and place. The trajectories for a legitimate success story is limited and specific storylines are repeated and holds a specific dramaturgical structure. The heroic story typically follows a temporal structure, from a beginning to an end, where events and performances function as phases of a narrative journey towards a defining triumph (Hoebeke et al. 2011). Which performances that constitutes the highlight of an athlete’s career will always be culturally determined, since cultures produces heroes according to their own specific values and traditions (Whannel, 2002). Thereby, the “personal” story is both a contextually specific narrative and a culturally shared narrative.

     

    Aims and empirical material

    In this paper, we are seeking to investigate how success stories in sports as a central part of the athletes identity work, and how these stories also serve as symbols for values and morals of a wider sporting society (Kilger, 2017). Many narrative scholars within the area of sports have been interested in retrospective studies of sports heroes or historical media studies of successful athletes (Hargreaves, 2000; Hellström, 2014; Whannel, 2002). In this study, we would like to pay particular attention to how personal narratives are built ´in-action´ and study which narrative elements are recurrent in the interviews and how is the own performance explained. Accordingly, we are interested in how such narratives of success and failure are co-constructed in the interview interaction and how they are structured. By investigating which master narratives that the participants recruit in their personal stories, this can help us to uncover shared normative storylines in elite sports. Moreover, we would like to illuminate how the athletes are using ´temporal-identity´ in the interviews as a way to construct a legitimate story of performance.

     

    The data set will include after-performance media interviews from Swedish television (SVT) during the FIS Cross Country World Championships. More specifically, we are seeking to analyze between 15-20 after-race television interviews with Swedish athletes during the FIS Cross Country World Championships 2019 in Falun, Sweden.

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  • 10.
    Krooks, Mikael
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Winther, Adam
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Alternativ undervisning: undervisningen för elever som är närvarande men inte deltar i ämnet idrott och hälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syfte och frågeställning

    Syftet med studien är att, med utgångspunkt i ett läroplansteoretiskt perspektiv, öka kunskapen om hur lärare i idrott och hälsa förhåller sig till och arbetar med elever som är närvarande på lektionen men inte deltar.

    För att besvara syftet har följande frågeställningar utformats:

    • Vilken alternativ undervisning erbjuder lärarna sina elever?
    • Hur kan lärarnas utsagor om alternativ undervisning förstås i ljuset av innehållet i läroplanen?

    Metod

    Detta är en kvalitativ intervjustudie med idrottslärare i fokus. Fyra idrottslärare har intervjuats genom en halvstrukturerad intervjuform. Denna metod valdes för att få så utvecklade och djupa svar som möjligt och där vi samtidigt kunde anpassa våra frågor efter respondentens svar.

    Resultat

    Studien visar på att intervjupersonerna använder sig utav någon form av alternativ undervisning men att den alternativ undervisningen som erbjuds i låg grad är planerad och genomtänkt. Respondenterna visade på få kopplingar mellan alternativ undervisning och läroplanen. De vill säga, en mycket låg grad av planerad alternativ undervisning förekom.

    Slutsats

    Enligt respondenterna finns det ett flertal orsaker som har en påverkan på användningen av planerad alternativ undervisning, exempelvis tidsaspekten, bedömning av elevernas deltagande och tryggheten. Men dem var enade om att de skulle vilja använda sig av planerad alternativ undervisning om mer tid fanns tillgängligt. De menar att den alternativa undervisningen skulle kunna fungera som en inkörsport till den ordinarie undervisningen.

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  • 11.
    Li, Jing
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Ericsson, Christer
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    The meaning of the Chinese cultural keyword xin2013In: Journal of Languages and Culture, ISSN 2141-6540, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 75-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In China, the word, xin 心  (often translated as ‘heart’) is frequently used and its concept is central to Chinese culture. However, its meaning is not exactly the same as ‘heart’ in English. Using qigong as the context, this article aims to explore the meaning of xin as a cultural keyword in order to gain an in-depth understanding of Chinese culture and knowledge within that cultural system. Qigong is a Chinese health maintenance system and healing tradition which integrates physical activity with training of the mind and self-cultivation. One of qigong’s basic components is xin adjustment. It is impossible to convey the full meaning of this concept without understanding the meaning of xin. In Chinese culture, xin is the root of physical and mental life. It is the seat of all emotions, and embodies the inherent goodness of human nature and wisdom. Xin helps to guide the individual’s way of life and attitude, and can lead one to deep contentment.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Lundvall, Suzanne
    et al.
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Svärd, Mattias
    Schantz, Peter
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.
    Närfriluftsliv, hållbarhet och hälsa: En alternativ didaktisk praktik2023In: Didaktiske praksiser i lærerutdanning: Steder i et landskap, / [ed] Gunn Engelsrud, Bjørg Oddrun Hallås, Suzanne Lundvall, Aslaug Nyrnes, Ove Olsen Sæle og Tobias Christoph Werler, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget , 2023, 1 uppl., p. 182-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13. Sanchez, Erin N
    et al.
    Aujla, Imogen J
    Nordin-Bates, Sanna M
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Sport Psychology research group.
    Cultural background variables in dance talent development: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Schantz, Peter
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Summary. Nationalstadsparken – The National Urban Park – An Experiment in Sustainable Development. Studies of values, law application and developmental projects2002In: Nationalstadsparken – ett experiment i hållbar utveckling.: Studier av värdefrågor, lagtillämpning och utvecklingslinjer / [ed] Lennart Holm, Peter Schantz, Stockholm: Formas , 2002, p. 249-261Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Schantz, Peter
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
    The Formation of National Urban Parks: a Nordic Contribution to Sustainable Development?2006In: The European city and green space: London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St Petersburg, 1850-2000, Aldershot: Ashgate , 2006, p. 159-174.Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 16.
    Sylvester, Kate
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Between the sport club and the workplace: The non-transferability of women student-athletes’ leadership attributes2023In: NAJS (Nordic Association for the Study of Contemporary Japanese Society) Conference, 2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how women’s status and leadership capabilities developed through club sport seldom manifest in sport-related employment in Japan. Female student-athletes have long invested in the school club sport system in Japan to augment personal growth, social status, and educative or career opportunities. The cultivation of life skills and leadership attributes are important aspects of sport club pedagogy for females. However, the status and skills women foster through club sport less often materialise in sport-related workplaces due to the centralisation of male-male hierarchies and conservative gender ideologies. The qualitative data utilised in this paper was collected through field work and a questionnaire survey (n=240) at a sport university in Japan in 2022. The data provides a sample of female student-athletes’ views on post-university life options that are shaped by gender norms and their perceived leadership attributes. Literature and statistics on women’s employment in Japan are drawn upon to examine how gender inequity continues to play out in sport-related workplaces despite shifts in women’s consciousness and the capabilities developed through university club sport. Women’s leadership capabilities are underutilised and Japan could make better use of human capital like other countries that are better at harnessing the capabilities of women.  

  • 17.
    Sylvester, Kate
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
    Women and Martial Art in Japan2023Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This lecture will focus on the ethnographic work and key arguments from Dr Kate Sylvester’s recent publication, Women and Martial Art in Japan.  The book, based on extensive original research, examines the practice by women in a university sport setting of kendo, the Japanese martial art which, using bamboo swords as well as protective armour, and descended from traditional swordsmanship, instils in its practitioners, besides physical skills, societal values of etiquette and resilience as well connecting them to a “traditional” outlook, which includes a gendered cultural identity.  The book therefore illustrates an unexplored example of identity construction in Japan, one which legitimises women’s sport experiences within a male-centric physical culture, unpacks the notion of “tradition” in kendo and unravels its stultifying control over women’s kendo participation, and discusses the androgenicity of women’s participation to highlight its subversive potential to develop women as leaders in sport, politics, and other fields which continue to be very male dominated in Japan. 

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