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Den nya världen: En explorativ studie om elevers och lärares uppfattningar om virtuell undervisningsteknik
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The new world : A exploratory study of students and teachers perceptions of virtual education technology (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med studien var att undersöka svenska skolelevers och lärares uppfattningar om virtuell undervisningsteknik.

Hur upplever elever det flippade klassrummet? Vad anser elever att de lär sig med hjälp av flippat klassrum i jämförelse med traditionell undervisning? Vad anser lärare och vad vill de åstadkomma med virtuell studieteknik?

Metod

Kvalitativa och strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes på två skolor i Stockholm. Eleverna i studien var sammanlagt sex personer och gick i grundskolans lågstadium. Även två lärare intervjuades. Den ena var lärare i ämnet musik för grundskolans lågstadium, den andra läraren var gymnasielärare i ämnena matematik och fysik. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i det sociokulturella lärandeperspektivet.

Resultat

Det visade sig att samtliga elever i studien såg fördelar med flippat klassrum i undervisningen. Samtliga elever upplevde ett flippat klassrum som ett hjälpmedel. Samtliga elever tyckte att de lärde sig bättre och mer effektivt med flippat klassrum jämfört med traditionell undervisning. Två elever såg nackdelar med flippat klassrum vilket handlade om brister i bloggen och om tekniska svårigheter att finna bloggen. Det visade även sig att lärarna främst såg fördelar och att det var enklare att nå alla elever genom användningen av virtuell undervisning. Lärarna ansåg att lärandemiljön blev roligare och effektivare. De påpekade att virtuell undervisning fungerade bättre än traditionell undervisning. De nackdelar som lyftes av lärarna handlade om materialbrist och om den virtuella tekniken inte fungerade som den skulle eller missköttes av eleverna.

Slutsats

Studiens resultat stämmer generellt överens till den tidigare forskning som beskrivits. Enligt Vygotskijs sociokulturella teori visade det sig att bloggen, ipad och dator var viktiga redskap för elevernas inlärning. Elevernas utsagor framhävde att det var främst sinnena som stimulerades med flippat klassrum då de oftast satt ensamma hemma, medan den sociala delen av lärandet främjades på lektionstid i skolan då de interagerade med sina klasskamrater och lärare. Lärarnas uppfattningar och deras mål med virtuell undervisning utifrån studien kan anknytas till Vygotskijs pedagogiska proximala utvecklingszon. 

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim

The purpose of this study was to investigate the Swedish school pupils and teachers perceptions of virtual education technology.

How do students perceive flipped classroom? What do students think that they learn with the help of flipped classroom in comparison with traditional teaching? What do teachers think and what do they want to achieve with virtual education technology?

Method

Qualitative and structured interviews were conducted at two schools in Stockholm. Students in the study were a total of six people and went to primary school. Even two teachers were interviewed. One was a teacher in the subject music in one primary school, the other teacher was a teacher of mathematics and physics in one upper secondary school. The study has its origins in the socio-cultural learning perspective.

Results

It turned out that all the students in the study saw the benefits of the flipped classroom teaching. All students experienced a flipped classroom as an aid. All the students said they learned better and more efficiently with flipped classrooms compared to traditional teaching. Two students saw disadvantages with flipped classroom, which was about the deficiencies in the blog and on technical difficulties in finding the blog. It also showed that teachers mainly saw the benefits, and that it was easier to reach all students through the use of virtual teaching. The teachers felt that the learning environment was fun and effective. They pointed out that virtual teaching worked better than traditional teaching. The disadvantages highlighted by the teachers were about material shortages and that virtual technology did not work as it should or mismanaged by the students.

Conclusions

The study's findings are generally consistent with the previous research described. According to Vygotsky's sociocultural theory the blog, ipad and the computer proved to be important tools for the students learning. The students statements highlighted that it was primarily the senses that were stimulated with flipped classroom when they sat alone at home, while the social part of learning promoted most of the class time at school when they interacted with their classmates and teachers. Teacher’s perceptions and their vision for virtual education on the basis of the study can be linked to Vygotsky's educational proximal development zone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 36 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2015:86
Keyword [en]
Virtual education, flipped classroom.
Keyword [sv]
Virtuell undervisning, flippat klassrum.
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4387OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-4387DiVA: diva2:913829
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-03-23 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-03-29Bibliographically approved

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