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Bedömningar av ungas rörelseförmåga: En idrottsvetenskaplig problematisering och validering
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2232-253X
2016 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis is to investigate, discuss and problematise different aspects of movement ability. The four sub-studies of the thesis deal with various issues concerning assessment of movement ability. First, the focus is on how the concept of physical literacy has influenced the steering document of the subject physical education and health (PEH) in Sweden. The question is: What kind of tensions and conflicts arise when different approaches and interpretations of movement ability are used in an educational context? Second, a structural validation is conducted of the NyTid test, an assessment tool developed to assess basic and complex movement skills at the ages of 12-16 years. The question is: Which categories of movement skills are identified through the validation of the NyTid test? Third, the study examines how ‘ability’ is conceptualised, configured and produced in movement tests and movement assessment tools. Finally, an investigation of how or whether an assessed low or high movement ability at the age of 15 matters for developing an interest in, or taste for, sport and physical activities nine years later, in young adulthood.

Movement ability is studied from different perspectives, including a multidisciplinary sport science approach using mixed methods. The theoretical standpoint in the sociocultural analyses is inspired by Bourdieu’s theories and concepts of habitus, capital, field and doxa, which are used as analytical tools. Different theories relating to the evaluation of movement abilities as product- or process oriented assessment are also made use of.

Movement abilities tests and assessment tools are also found to construct a specific and narrow form of physical capital strongly related to traditional sports. Accordingly, the social construction of movement ability through assessment tools is far from neutral and could affect how children see themselves and their sense of ‘ability’. Furthermore, the assumption that an acquired high level of movement ability plays a central role for being physically active is challenged in the thesis. Even though pupils at the age of 15 had a low level of assessed movement ability, it did not prevent them from acquiring a taste for sport and physical activity later in life. However, more studies on movement ability and the underlining mechanisms and factors for engaging in physical activities are necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH , 2016.
Series
Avhandlingsserie för Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, 06
Keyword [en]
movement ability, movement competence, fundamental movement skills, movement assessment, motor skills test, the NyTid test, youth, physical education and health, physical activity, physical literacy, social construction, physical capital, habitus, structural validation, longitudinal study
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4351ISBN: 978-91-980862-7-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-4351DiVA: diva2:903251
Public defence
2016-03-11, Aulan, Lidingövägen 1, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Forskningslinjen Utbildning
Available from: 2016-02-16 Created: 2016-02-15 Last updated: 2016-09-19
List of papers
1. Assessing Embodied Knowledge in Swedish PEH: the Influence of Physical Literacy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing Embodied Knowledge in Swedish PEH: the Influence of Physical Literacy
2013 (English)In: ICSSPE Bulletin, ISSN 1563-3632, no 65Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

There is internationally a growing interest in the concept physical literacy and how it can be used in educational contexts. The aim of this contribution is to illustrate and describe how and in which way Swedish PEH has been influenced by physical literacy in the context of learning outcomes and assessment. The empirical material consists of the PEH curricula and the official supplementary material for qualitative assessment. Tensions between curricula, pedagogy, and assessment are discussed as physical literacy is linked to an individual’s potential and being in the world and not related to assessment of what separates people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, 2013
Keyword
physical literacy, assessment, learning
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3163 (URN)
Available from: 2013-12-27 Created: 2013-12-27 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
2. Development and Initial Validation of the NyTid Test: A Movement Assessment Tool for Compulsory School Pupils.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and Initial Validation of the NyTid Test: A Movement Assessment Tool for Compulsory School Pupils.
2015 (English)In: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, ISSN 1091-367X, E-ISSN 1532-7841, Vol. 19, no 1, 34-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents the development process and initial validation of the NyTid test, a process-oriented movement assessment tool for compulsory school pupils. A sample of 1,260 (627 girls and 633 boys; mean age of 14.39) Swedish school children participated in the study. In the first step, exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were performed in Sample 1, consisting of one third of the participants. The EFA indicated that the 17 skills in the test could be reduced to 12 and divided into four factors. In the second step, the suggested factor structure was cross-validated with confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) in the larger Sample 2. The NyTid test adopts a holistic perspective in which qualitative criteria offer an alternative approach to product-oriented measurement. The study confirms that the NyTid test is a valid process-oriented assessment tool designed for typically developed children aged 12 and 16. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

Keyword
process-oriented assessment, movement development, movement skills, confirmatory factor analyses, the NyTid test
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Educational Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3746 (URN)10.1080/1091367X.2014.975228 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-02-24 Created: 2015-02-24 Last updated: 2016-02-15Bibliographically approved
3. The social construction of ability in movment assessment tools.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The social construction of ability in movment assessment tools.
2015 (English)In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on how 'ability' is conceptualised, configured and produced in movement assessment tools. The aim of the study was to critically analyse assessment tools used for healthy and typically developed children. The sample consists of 10 tools from 6 different countries. In the study, we pay special attention to content and evaluation methods. The theoretical analysis explores and discusses what kind of movement ability the tools construct. The theoretical framework is inspired by Bourdieu's concepts of habitus, capital and field which are used as analytical tools to explore how the testing processes and content shape what is regarded as ability. Our findings show both a great variation of concepts and evaluation methods and a narrow view of what is regarded as valuable to assess. The assessed movements are strongly related to traditional sports and construct a specific form of physical capital. None of the tasks assessed take place in natural outdoor environments. Open skills, rhythmical movements to music or tasks including a wider range of flexibility are also absent in the assessment tools. The explored tools and tests assess a limited number of decontextualised movements and produce a narrow view of 'ability'. Hence, the testing process itself often promotes a child who is physically mature and benefits those who have experience of traditional sports. In other words, the assessed 'taste for sport' and the 'embodied physical capital' construct what is considered to be legitimate knowledge in relation to movement and physical culture. Accordingly, the social construction of movement ability through assessment tools is far from a neutral concept and could affect how children see themselves and their 'ability'.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keyword
movement, ability, assessment tools, social construction
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4060 (URN)DOI:10.1080/13573322.2015.1071249 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved
4. Does Movement Ability in Adolescence Matter in Young Adulthood?: A Longitudinal Study of Taste for Sport and Physical Activity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Movement Ability in Adolescence Matter in Young Adulthood?: A Longitudinal Study of Taste for Sport and Physical Activity
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4350 (URN)
Note

At the time of Anna Tidén's disertation 2016 this article was a manuscript.

Available from: 2016-02-15 Created: 2016-02-15 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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