Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
How active are Swedish 50-64 year olds?: A quantitative study investigating physical activity and sedentary behaviour in 50-64 year old men and women from Gothenburg.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hur aktiva är svenska 50-64 åringar? : En kvantitativ studie som undersöker fysisk aktivitet och stillasittande beteende hos 50-64 åriga män och kvinnor i Göteborg. (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Aim

The main aim of this thesis is to examine the physical activity patterns (PA), including sedentary behaviour (SB), in Swedish middle-aged men and women (50-64 years) by using an objective measurement method (accelerometer) and to analyse differences in gender, age-groups and education level (EL). The thesis also analyses the proportion of the present population that is fulfilling the national recommendations of physical activity (MVPA).

Method

The study cohort consisted of 948 participants (51% women, median age 57.5 years) from the SCAPIS pilot study. The participants wore an accelerometer for seven days collecting data concerning PA patterns and SB. The following tests for analysing the data were used: Mann Whitney U test, 2-sample z-test, Wilcoxon matched pair test, and General linear modelling (mixed model ANOVA).

Results

The main findings showed that the study population spent a median of 60.5% in sedentary (SED), 35.2% in light intensity physical activity (LIPA) and 3.9% in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA). On average, 8 hours and 40 min were spent sitting during the day with more than three hours in prolonged bouts (>20 min). Men and the high EL group spent more time in SED, less time in LIPA and more time in MVPA compared with women and the low EL group. The study population was sitting more and had less time in LIPA during weekdays compared to weekends. The same pattern was seen for the high EL group, who compared to low EL group was sitting more and having more time in LIPA during weekdays, but spent more time in MVPA during weekends. The oldest age-group spent less time in MVPA and total movement (cpm), compared to the younger age-groups. Only 7.1% of the study population was fulfilling the national PA recommendation of 30 min MVPA to be done in bouts of 10 min on most of the days of the week.

Conclusions

The study showed that only a small part of the population was fulfilling the current PA recommendations, and that the middle-aged population had a high daily sitting time. A big challenge for the future will be how to change these habits. The focus of replacing the SED with more LIPA during the day will be important and the study showed that the biggest challenge could be during weekdays. 

Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet var att undersöka det fysiska aktivitetsmönstret, inklusive det stillasittande beteendet, hos svenska medelålders män och kvinnor (50-64 år) registrerat via objektiv mätmetod (accelerometri) och analysera eventuella skillnader i rörelsemönstret mellan könen, åldersgrupper och utbildningsnivåer. Dessutom analyserades hur stor andel av studiepopulationen som uppfyllde de nationella fysiska aktivitetsrekommendationerna.

Metod

Studien bestod av 948 deltagare (51% kvinnor, medelålder 57.5 år) från SCAPIS pilotstudie. Deltagarna bar under sju dagar en accelerometer för att samla in information om det fysiska aktivitetsmönstret och det stillasittande beteendet. Följande tests gjordes för analys av datan: Mann Whitney U test, 2-sample z-test, Wilcoxon matched pair test och General Linear Modelling (flervägs ANOVA).

Resultat

Huvudresultaten visade att studiedeltagarna spenderade 60.5% av tiden i stillasittande (SED), 35.2% i lågintensiv aktivitet (LIPA) och 3.9% i medel till högintensiv aktivitet (MVPA). I genomsnitt var deltagarna stillasittande 8 timmar och 40 minuter under dagen, varav ungefär 3 timmar av dessa var i längre, sammanhängande perioder (minst 20 minuter åt gången). Män och deltagare med hög utbildningsnivå tillbringade mer tid i SED, mindre tid i LIPA och mer tid i MVPA jämfört med kvinnorna och gruppen med låg utbildningsnivå. Hela studiepopulationen spenderade större andel av dagen sittande och hade mindre tid i LIPA under vardagar jämfört med helger. Liknande mönster fanns i gruppen högutbildade, vilka jämfört med lågt utbildade satt mer och hade mindre tid i LIPA under vardagar, men däremot tillbringade mer tid i MVPA under helgerna. Den äldsta åldersgruppen tillbringade mindre tid i MVPA och total rörelse jämfört med de yngre åldersgrupperna. Enbart 7.1% av studiepopulationen uppfyllde nuvarande nationella aktivitetsrekommendationer om MVPA i perioder av minst 10 min under de flesta av veckans dagar.

Slutsats

Studien visade att endast en liten del av studiepopulationen uppfyllde de nuvarande nationella rekommendationerna och att en stor del av dagen spenderades sittande. En stor utmaning för framtiden kommer att vara hur dessa vanor kan förändras. Fokus på att ersätta SED med mer LIPA under dagen kommer att vara viktig.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Series
Examensarbete, 2015:2
Keyword [en]
physical activity, sedentary behavior, accelerometer
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3945DiVA: diva2:841237
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-08-05 Created: 2015-07-10 Last updated: 2015-08-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1255 kB)90 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1255 kBChecksum SHA-512
76aaf6289f3a99526bac22846bc000e2fecfc4e8ed177910b786b066d4baf4875f29d8cb7950d063d19241732d5fdb90c70e42ebffb2e504b65d4110f7f34290
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Sport and Health Sciences
Sport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 90 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 111 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf