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Simma nu, annars sjunker du!: Lärares arbete med simning i ämnet idrott och hälsa.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Swim now, or you'll sink! : Teachers' work with swimming in physical education. (English)
Abstract [en]

This study aims to examine the way of teaching swim lessons. In addition, the study also examines the actual swimming proficiency of pupils in the 9th grade in different areas in Sweden.

These are the question specifics which this study wishes to examine.

  1. How do teachers define the ability to swim?

  2. How do swim lessons differ, regarding to which area they are conducted in? 

  3. How many of the 9th grade pupils in each examined community passes the bar for swimming proficiency?

  4. What does PE teachers do if one or several of the 9th grade pupils fails to show an adequate swimming proficiency?

  5. How do results in swimming proficiency differ regarding to different schools in different parts of the country?

Method

This study consists of two major surveys, one based on material gathered from qualitative interviews and the other on material gathered from observations. Four PE teachers and one swimming instructor were interviewed, as well as six different 9th grade classes, with a total of 145 pupils. In the observation the pupils participated in a swim test, where they should swim 200 meters from which 50 meters must be on their back and were categorized in three categories. These were: passed, completed with rest and failed. Schools in the following three communities have been studied; Karlskrona, Stockholm and Skellefteå. Our theoretical perspective has been the theory of the Swedish curriculum and the frame factor theory. 

Results

The conclusive result shows that preconditions vary between different communities. Swim lessons are conducted in numerous ways and each examined PE teachers has shown diverse ways to describe swimming proficiency. Relevant resources such as time and economy also vary in how swimming lessons are conducted. Swimming proficiency amongst the examined pupils tends to be relatively high, even though several of the pupils rested while conducting the examination. The result also states that PE teachers tends to let the pupils whom are resting during the examination pass the bar of swimming proficiency, using the motivation that these pupils actually can reach to pass the bar if they only put some effort into it.

Conclusion

Throughout the various definitions, the numerous preconditions and methods to examine swimming proficiency, we believe that the general comparison of the Swedish school system is to be endangered. Above this we believe that the general pupil needs to exercise their swimming skills, throughout continuous swimming lessons and not with a single test, in order to secure the fact that that pupils in question truly can swim.

Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur simundervisningen bedrivs samt hur simkunnigheten hos elever i årskurs 9 på olika områden i Sverige ser ut. 

De frågeställningar som vi önskar att besvara är:  

  1. Hur definierar lärarna simkunnighet?

  2. Hur ser simundervisningen i respektive område ut?

  3. Hur många av eleverna i årskurs 9 i respektive område når upp till kunskapskraven i simning?

  4. Vad gör idrottsläraren om elever inte når upp till kunskapskraven i årskurs 9?

  5. Hur skiljer sig resultaten mellan utvalda skolor i respektive landsdel?

Metod

Studien består av två undersökningar, en kvalitativ intervjustudie och en kvantitativ observationsstudie. Vi har intervjuat fyra lärare i idrott och hälsa och en siminstruktör samt observerat sex olika klasser som går i årskurs 9, totalt 145 elever. I observationsstudien genomförde eleverna ett simtest, där de skulle simma 200 meter varav 50 meter på rygg och bedömdes utifrån tre kategorier. De olika kategorierna var: godkänd, genomförde med vila och icke godkänd. Undersökningen är genomförd i tre olika områden som vi har valt att benämna vid dess kommun. De undersökta områdena är: Karlskrona, Stockholm och Skellefteå. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är läroplansteorin och ramfaktorsteorin

Resultat

Vårt resultat visar på att förutsättningar skiljer sig åt mellan olika områden. Simundervisningen bedrivs på varierande sätt och utöver det definierar lärarna simkunnighet olika. Resurser som tid och ekonomi skiljer sig också åt för att bedriva simundervisningen. Simkunnigheten bland eleverna är hög, dock genomför ett större procentantal av eleverna testet med vila. Vårt resultat visar också på att lärare godkänner elever som vilar under testet med motiveringen att de ”egentligen” kan, då eleverna bara är ”lite lata”. 

Slutsats

Genom de varierande definitionerna från lärarna, de olika förutsättningarna och metoderna för att testa simkunnigheten menar vi att skolväsendets likvärdighet hotas. Utöver det, anser vi att eleverna behöver träna mer på sin simkunnighet, genom en omfattande simundervisning istället för att bara genomföra ett simtest. Detta för att säkerhetsställa att eleverna verkligen är simkunniga.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 46 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2014:105
Keyword [sv]
Simning, Simundervisning, Simkunnighet
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3618OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3618DiVA: diva2:772921
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2014-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Simma nu, annars sjunker du!(1169 kB)128 downloads
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