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Effects of prolonged exercise on the contractile properties of human quadriceps muscle.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Research group for Mitokondriell funktion och metabolisk kontroll.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
1995 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, ISSN 0301-5548, E-ISSN 1432-1025, Vol. 71, 180-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The contractile properties of the quadriceps muscle were measured in seven healthy male subjects before, during and after prolonged cycling to exhaustion. Special efforts were made to obtain measurements immediately after exercise. The exercise intensity corresponded to about 75% of estimated maximal O2 uptake and time to exhaustion was mean 85 (SEM 9) min. At the end of the cycling heart rate and perceived exertion for the legs were 94% and 97% of maximal values, respectively. Maximal voluntary isometric force (MVC) had decreased after 5 min of exercise to a mean 91 (SEM 4)% of the pre-exercise value (P < 0.05) and decreased further to a mean 82 (SEM 6) and mean 66 (SEM 5)% after 40-min cycling and at exhaustion, respectively. A new finding was that during recovery reversal of MVC occurred in different phases where the half recovery time of the initial rapid phase was about 2 min. The MVC was a mean 80 (SEM 2)% of the pre-exercise value after 30 min and was not affected by superimposed electrical stimulation. Maximal voluntary concentric and eccentric forces decreased to 74% and 80% of initial values at exhaustion (P < 0.05). The kinetics of isometric contraction expressed as the time between 5% and 50% of tension (rise time) and the time between 95% and 50% of tension (relaxation time) were not significantly affected by the prolonged cycling. The electromechanical delay measured as the time between the first electrical stimulus and 5% of tension decreased from a mean 32 (SEM 1) ms at rest to a mean 26.6 (SEM 0.6) ms at fatigue (P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 71, 180-186 p.
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-398OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-398DiVA: diva2:762
Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2011-05-06Bibliographically approved

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