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Sublethal muscle fibre injuries after high-tension anaerobic exercise
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Björn Ekblom's research group.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4030-5437
1988 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, ISSN 0301-5548, E-ISSN 1432-1025, no 57, 360-368 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The vastus lateralis muscles of eleven male elite sprinters (17-28 years) were investigated in order to examine the impact of high tension anaerobic muscular work on muscle fibre fine structure. In an attempt to reproduce the training regimen six subjects ran 20 repetitions of 25 s on a treadmill with 2 min 35 s in between, at a speed corresponding to 86% of their personal best 200 m time. PAS-stained sections of biopsies taken approximately 2 h after training generally indicated glycogen depletion in type 1 and type 2B fibres. At the light microscopic level, no signs of inflammation or fibre rupture were observed. However, at the ultrastructural level, frequent abnormalities of the contractile material and the cytoplasmic organelles were detected. Z-band streaming, autophagic vacuoles and abnormal mitochondria were the most conspicuous observations. Control specimens from sprinters who did not perform the acute exercise routine also displayed structural deviations, although to a lesser degree. It is hypothesized that during sprint training the leg musculature is put under great mechanical and metabolic stress which causes the degenerative response reported here.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1988. no 57, 360-368 p.
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-393DiVA: diva2:757
Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2017-03-31Bibliographically approved

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