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Physiological and behavioral reactivity when one's self-worth is staked on competence.
Stockholms universitet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0079-124X
Stockholms universitet.
Stockholms universitet.
2011 (English)In: Individual Differences Research, ISSN 1541-745X, Vol. 9, 138-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 9, 138-152 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3494OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3494DiVA: diva2:755188
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Striving for self-esteem: Conceptualizations and role in burnout
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Striving for self-esteem: Conceptualizations and role in burnout
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

When self-esteem is dependent on competence individuals invest a great deal of effort in their accomplishments in order to validate themselves. The aim of the present thesis was to develop a theoretically sound and valid concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, and examine its vulnerable implications and role in burnout. In Study I a concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, termed competence-based self-esteem (CBSE), was developed. Confirmatory factor analyses showed its distinctiveness from other sources of self-esteem and revealed two dimensions comprising behaviors referring to: i) Self-esteem conditional upon competence and ii) Frustrated self-critical strivings. The new scale showed high reliability and gained both convergent and discriminative validity through different methods in different samples. Study II set out to experimentally test the vulnerable implications of CBSE in a performance situation. The results showed that high, as compared to low, scorers on the scale exhibited stronger physiological reactivity and momentary exertion coupled with frustrated mood. Study III focused on the role of self-esteem contingent on competence in the burnout process and its association with work- and private-life stressors over time in working women and men. The analyses showed that contingent self-esteem was a predictor of burnout. In addition, women scored higher on both contingent self-esteem and burnout and reported higher general life stress than did men, whereas men showed stronger associations between work stressors and burnout. The results of the three studies suggest that contingent self-esteem, where outcomes of one’s acts and performance serve to compensate an impoverished basic self-worth, facilitates the understanding of stress-related vulnerability and ill-health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2011
Keyword
self-esteem, contingent self-esteem, burnout, stressors, gender, stress, work, competence, performance, Psychology, Psykologi
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-4733 (URN)978-91-7447-265-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-05-13, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: In press. Paper 3: In press.

Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

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