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Stressful and traumatic life-events are associated with burnout in a population of Swedish twins
Karolinska Insitutet.
Karolinska Insitutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0079-124X
Karolinska Institutet.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 21, no 6, 899-907 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Most burnout studies focus on symptoms of burnout in relation to work-related stress. However, recent studies have found that familial factors and stress in the personal life may also be of importance. Stressful and traumatic life events influence how individuals cope with stress over the life course and may therefore be associated with burnout symptoms.

Purpose

This study aims to assess the associations between stressful and traumatic life events and burnout symptoms in a population-based sample of twins, adjusting for familial confounding.

Methods

In this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of 25,378 Swedish twins, odds ratios (OR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression analysis. First, the whole sample was analysed. Secondly, a matched co-twin analysis was conducted of the same-sex twin pairs discordant on burnout, in order to adjust for familial factors.

Results

A history of traumatic life events was independently associated with burnout symptoms, with a cumulative effect with increasing number of events. ORs adjusted for familial confounding: 1–3 events OR 1.58 (CI = 1.21–2.07) 4 or more events OR 2.00 (CI = 1.45–2.75). Independent associations between the stressful life events: serious family problems OR 1.71 (CI = 1.36–2.15), physical illness OR 1.44 (CI = 1.17–1.77), divorce or separation OR 1.40 (CI = 1.15–1.70), and burnout symptoms were also found.

Conclusions

The results indicate that stressful and traumatic life events are of importance in the burnout process. This finding may have implications in efforts to prevent burnout.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 6, 899-907 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3493DOI: 10.1007/s12529-013-9381-3PubMedID: 24402776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3493DiVA: diva2:755184
Available from: 2014-10-14 Created: 2014-10-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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