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Impact of expectations on the effects of exercise on psychological distress
Karolinska Institutet. (Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.)
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, Björn Ekblom's and Mats Börjesson's research group.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6058-4982
Karolinska Insitutet. (Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden)
2014 (English)In: American Journal of Health Behavior, ISSN 1087-3244, Vol. 38, no 5, 560-565 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the influence of expectations on effectiveness of exercise in reducing psychological distress.

METHOD:

Data came from a Swedish longitudinal population-based study consisting of 4631 people aged 20-64 years. Psychological distress was measured with the Major Depressive Inventory. Expectations (positive expectations or indifference) towards exercise were combined with exercise (regular exercise: yes or no).

RESULTS:

Indifferent non-exercisers had increased risk of psychological distress. Regular exercisers who were indifferent towards exercise as a self-help method were less likely to be psychologically distressed compared to exercisers with positive expectations.

CONCLUSION:

The results encourage systematic use of exercise in prevention and rehabilitation of persons suffering from psychological distress. People's personal expectations might not be needed for treatment effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 38, no 5, 560-565 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3362DOI: 10.5993/AJHB.38.5.2.OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3362DiVA: diva2:733964
Available from: 2014-07-14 Created: 2014-07-14 Last updated: 2016-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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