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Skador inom ungdomsfotbollen: Litteraturstudie
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Injuries in youth soccer : A Review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie var att analysera befintlig data gällande skadeincidens, skademekanismer, skadelokalisation samt typ av skada hos fotbollsspelande barn och ungdomar. Frågeställningar:

 Hur ser den anatomiska fördelningen av skador ut hos fotbollsspelande tonåringar 13-19 år?

 Vilken skademekanism samt typ av skada är vanligast?

 Hur många skador kan en spelare förvänta sig i relation till antal exponeringstimmar av fotboll?

Metod

Litteratursökningen genomfördes i databaserna PubMed, SportDiscus, Cochrane Library och PEDro. Studien avgränsades till ungdomar mellan 13-19 år, publikationer i peer-reviewed tidskrifter samt skadeincidens rapporterad i relation till antal exponerade timmar. Enbart studier publicerade på svenska eller engelska användes. Litteraturstudier exkluderades. Totalt inkluderades 22 artiklar. Studierna granskades och analyserades enligt granskningsmall för bevisvärde enligt GRADE-systemet av Statens beredning för medicinsk utredning (SBU).

Resultat

Av totalt 22 inkluderade artiklar hade 97 % ett medelhögt, eller högre, bevisvärde enligt GRADE-systemet. Mellan 60-90 % av alla skador var lokaliserade till nedre extremitet, där vristen, knäet och låret var de mest frekvent drabbade områdena. I snitt låg skaderisken mellan 0,25– 0,70 skador per spelare.

Slutsats

Skador i nedre extremitet är vanligast. De vanligaste skadetyperna var muskelsträckning, stukning/vrickning och kontusioner. Skadefrekvensen är högre under matcher än under träning.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim

This literature study aimed to analyze existing data on injury incidence, injury mechanisms, injury location and type of injury among soccer playing children and youth.

Objectives:

 What is the anatomical distribution of injuries in soccer playing teens 13-19 years?

 Which injury mechanism and what type of injury is the most common?

 How many injuries can a player expect in relation to the number of exposure hours of soccer?

Method

The literature search was conducted in the databases: PubMed, SportDiscus, Cochrane Library, and PEDro. The study was limited to young people aged 13-19 years, publications in peer-reviewed journals and injury incidence reported in relation to the number of exposed hours. Only studies published in English or Swedish were used. Literature studies were excluded. A total of 22 articles were included and analyzed with a scale of evidence according to the GRADE-system by Statens beredning för medicinsk utredning (SBU).

Results

Of the included 22 articles had 97% an average, or higher, scientific quality according to the GRADE-system. Between 60-90% of all injuries were localized to the lower limbs. The ankles, knees and thighs were the most frequently affected areas. The average injury incidence varied between 0,25 – 0,70 per player.

Conclusion

Lesions in the lower limb are the most common injuries. The most common types of injuries were muscle strains, sprains and contusions. Injuries are more common during matches than during training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Series
Examensarbete, 2014:100
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3357DiVA: diva2:732709
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-14 Created: 2014-07-04 Last updated: 2014-08-14Bibliographically approved

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