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Upplevd stress hos unga vuxna med ryggbesvär: - som söker naprapatbehandling för muskuloskeletala besvär
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Perceived stress in young adults with back pain : -who seek naprapathic treatment for musculoskeletal disorders (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte:

Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka om de unga vuxna som söker naprapatbehandling för sina ryggbesvär upplever sitt liv som stressande. Frågeställningarna var: Hur ser sambandet ut mellan ryggbesvär och skattad stress vad gäller ålder, kön, stressorer, hur länge de haft ont och omgivningens krav? Skiljer sig smärtlokalisation mellan de som skattar låg stress mot de som skattar hög stress? Skiljer sig smärtintensitet mellan de som skattar låg stress mot de som skattar hög stress?

Metod:

En kvantitativ studie med enkäter som besvarades av 135 patienter (72 kvinnor, 63 män) som sökt behandling genom tre olika naprapatkliniker i Stockholm och Katrineholm. Alla patienter födda 1988-1993 som sökte behandling genom klinikerna tillfrågdes om medverkan i studien. Samtliga tillfrågade tackade ja och fullföljde ifyllandet av enkäterna vilket resulterade i att studien inte hade något bortfall.

Resultat:

De som sökt för ryggbesvär skattar en högre nivå av stress i förhållande till de som sökt för övriga muskuloskeletala besvär. Skattad stress i förhållande till hur länge de haft ont visar på att de med ryggbesvär som har haft ont mer än en månad skattar högst nivå av stress. Kvinnor som söker för ryggbesvär skattar en högre nivå av stress än män inom samma grupp. Den av respondenterna, med ryggbesvär, vanligaste angivna orsaken som stressande faktor var jobb eller studier/skola. Inga signifikanta samband kunde ses vid jämförelse mellan smärtlokalisation, ryggbesvär i nack-skuldra eller ländryggen, och skattad stress. Skillnaden på smärtintensitet för de som skattar låg respektive hög stress visade inte heller någon signifikans.

Slutsats:

Det som kan ses i denna studie är att de unga vuxna som söker för ryggbesvär i högre grad upplever sitt liv som stressande än gruppen som söker för besvär i ljumske, lår, knä, underben eller fot. Det är dock ingen skillnad på upplevd stressnivå om de söker för nack-skulderbesvär, ländryggsbesvär eller på hur mycket smärta de skattar. Studien visar bland annat att alla unga vuxna som söker för ryggbesvär bör bemötas och behandlas på ett sådant sätt att även psykosociala faktorers eventuella inverkan på besvären beaktas.

Abstract [en]

Summary

Aim:

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether young adults seeking naprapath treatment for their back pain experience their lives as stressful. The questions were: What is the relationship between back pain and rated perceived stress in terms of age, gender, stressors, how long they have had pain and the requirements from our surroundings? Is there a difference in the location of the pain between those who rate low perceived stress compared to those who had high perceived stress? Is there a difference in the severity of the pain between those who rate low perceived stress against those who rate high perceived stress?

Method:

The method used for this study was a quantitative method using questionnaires answered by 135 patients (72 women, 63 men) who sought treatment at three different naprapathclinics in Stockholm and Katrineholm. All patients, born in the years 1988-1993, who sought treatment at the clinics were asked to participate in the study. All patients that were asked to participate accepted and completed the questionnaires which resulted in the study having no drop outs.

Results:

Patients who were seeking naprapath treatment for their back pain rated a higher level of perceived stress in relation to those with other musculoskeletal disorders. Rated perceived stress in relation to how long period they have had pain showed that those with back problems who have had pain for more than one month had the highest level of perceived stress. Women, who are seeking naprapath treatment for their back pain, rate a higher level of perceived stress than men rated in the same group. The most common reason that patients, with back pain, reported as a stressful factor was their job or studies/school. No significant correlation could be seen in the comparison of the location of the pain, back pain in the neck-shoulder or low back area, and rated perceived stress. The difference in the severity of the pain for those who rated low or high levels of perceived stress showed no significance.

Conclusion:

The study shows that young adults with musculoskeletal back problems rate a higher level of perceived stress in comparison to those with problems in the groin, thigh, knee, lower leg or foot. It is, however, no difference in perceived stress level in comparing neck-shoulder pain, low back pain or on which level of pain they had rated. The study shows the importance of addressing psychosocial risk factors in addition to the clinical exam when young adults are seeking treatment for back problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Series
Examensarbete, 2013:152
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3303DiVA: diva2:713789
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-24 Created: 2014-04-24 Last updated: 2014-04-24Bibliographically approved

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