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Idrottsskador hos manliga och kvinnliga innebandyspelare på elitnivå: en prospektiv kohortstudie
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sport injuries in male and femaleelite floorball players : a prospective cohort study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte

Syftet med denna studie var att kartlägga skadebilden inom innebandy på elitnivå under en säsong samt att jämföra eventuella skillnader mellan manliga och kvinnliga innebandyspelare beträffande exponeringstid, skadeincidens, skadelokalisation, fördelning mellan traumatiska skador och överbelastningsskador samt allvarlighetsgrad av skada.

Metod

Svenska Innebandyförbundet samt tränare och spelare informerades om studien våren 2009. Innebandyspelare från herrarnas superliga (n=122) och damernas elitserie (n=116) följdes prospektivt under säsongen 2010-2011. Samtliga skador som innebar frånvaro från träning eller match rapporterades av respektive lags medicinska team. Data bearbetades med deskriptiv statistik beträffande exponeringstid, skadeincidens, skadelokalisation, typ av skada samt skadans allvarlighetsgrad. Statistisk analys genomfördes avseende eventuell skillnad mellan manliga och kvinnliga innebandyspelare.

Resultat

Det förelåg en statistisk signifikant könsskillnad avseende skadeincidens under försäsongen (p=0.01), huvudsäsongen (p=0.002) och totalt under hela studieperioden (p=0.02), oavsett typ av skada (traumatisk respektive överbelastningsskada), med en skadeincidens som var högre hos kvinnor än män. Låret var den vanligaste skadelokalisationen hos manliga spelare och foten var den vanligaste lokalisationen för skador hos kvinnliga spelare. Traumatiska och överbelastningsskador sammantaget rapporterade under hela studieperioden påvisade en statistisk signifikant könsskillnad avseende skador i foten (p=0.0003), där kvinnor stod för 72 procent av skadorna jämfört med 28 procent bland män. Under hela studieperioden drabbades 22 procent av männen och 34 procent av kvinnorna av traumatiska skador. Beträffande traumatiska skador under hela studieperioden påvisades en statistisk signifikant könsskillnad avseende skador i foten (p=0.001) samt främre korsbandsskador (p=0.02). Kvinnor stod för 72 procent av samtliga fotskador och 85 procent av samtliga korsbandsskador. Överbelastningsskador var vanligast bland manliga spelare, medan traumatiska skador var vanligast bland kvinnliga spelare. Under huvudsäsongen förelåg det en statistisk signifikant könsskillnad avseende överbelastningsskador i underbenet (p=0.03), där män stod för samtliga underbensskador. ”Lätta” skador, som innebar frånvaro från träning eller match 1-7 dagar, var vanligast hos såväl manliga som kvinnliga spelare.

Slutsats

Skadeincidensen var högre bland kvinnliga jämfört med manliga innebandyspelare. Lårskada var den vanligaste skadan hos manliga spelare och skador i foten var vanligast hos kvinnliga spelare. Överbelastningsskador var vanligast bland män, medan traumatiska skador var vanligast bland kvinnor. ”Lätta” skador med frånvaro mellan 1-7 dagar var vanligast bland både manliga och kvinnliga innebandyspelare.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Introduction and aim

The aim of the present study was to define the injury pattern in elite floorball during one season and study possible gender differences regarding time of exposure, injury incidence, injury location, distribution between traumatic and overuse injuries and injury severity.

Method

The Swedish Floorball Association, coaches and floorball players were informed about the study during the spring of 2009. Male floorball players (n=122) and female floorball players (n=116) from the premier league were followed prospectively during the season of 2010- 2011. All injuries resulting in absence from training or match play were reported by the medical staff of each floorball team. Data was analyzed descriptively in terms of injury incidence, injury location, type of injury as well as the severity of injury. Statistical analysis was performed regarding any possible differences between male and female floorball players.

Results

There was a statistic gender difference regarding injury incidence during pre-season (p=0.01), season (p=0.002) and the whole study period (p=0.02), regardless of type of injury (trauma or overuse), with a higher injury incidence among females compared to males. The thigh was the most common injury location among male players and the foot was the most common location of injury among female players. There was a statistic gender difference regarding foot injuries (p=0.0003) during the whole study period taking into account both traumatic and overuse injuries, where females represented 72 percent of the injuries compared to 28 percent among males. During the whole study period 22 percent of the males and 34 percent of the females sustained traumatic injuries. There was a statistic gender difference regarding foot injuries (p=0.001) and anterior cruciate ligament injuries (p= 0.02) during the whole study period. The females represented 72 percent of the foot injuries and 85 percent of the anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Overuse injuries were most common among male player whilst traumatic injuries were most common among female players. There was a statistic gender difference regarding overuse injuries in the tibia (p=0.03) during season, where males represented all injuries. “Minor” injuries resulting in abscence from training or matchplay between 1-7 days were most common among both male and female players.

Conclusion

The injury incidence was higher among female compared to male floorball players. Thigh injury was the most common injury among male players and injuries in the foot were most common among female players. Overuse injuries were most common among males whilst traumatic injuries were most common among females. “Minor” injuries resulting in absence between 1-7 days were most common among both male and female floorball players.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 37 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2013:46
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3256DiVA: diva2:699879
Educational program
Magisterprogrammet i idrottsvetenskap med inriktning mot idrottsmedicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-02-27 Last updated: 2014-03-03Bibliographically approved

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