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Kost, sociala omständigheter och energinivå: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om 10 elevers upplevelse av hur kost, sociala omständigheter och energinivå samverkar.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Diet, social circumstances and energy level : A qualitative study about 10 students´ perception of how diet, social circumstances and energy level interact (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med studien är att undersöka tio idrottsaktiva elever i årskurs 6 och 7:s syn på kost- och måltidsvanor, den upplevda sociala påverkan i samband med måltiden, samt huruvida de upplever att deras ork och energinivå påverkas av måltidsvanor.

  •  Hur ser 10 idrottsaktiva elever i årskurs 6 och 7 på sina kost- och måltidsvanor?
  • Hur upplever 10 idrottsaktiva elever i årskurs 6 och 7 den sociala påverkan kring kost- och måltidsvanor?
  • Hur upplever 10 idrottsaktiva elever i årskurs 6 och 7 sina energinivåer i skolan relaterat till kost- och måltidsvanor?

Metod

Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats där intervju användes som metod för datainsamlingen. Urvalet bestod utav tio elever i årskurs 6 och 7 i en kranskommun till Stockholm. Intervjuerna varade 10-15 minuter och dokumenterades med hjälp av ljudupptagning där materialet sedan transkriberades till tryckt form. Teoretiska modeller och tidigare forskning användes som verktyg för analys av resultatet.   

Resultat

Överlag uppger de tillfrågade eleverna att de inte påverkas negativt av sociala omständigheter och de befintliga miljöerna de befinner sig i till sina matval. Fyra av eleverna uppger att de aktivt samtalar kring kost hemma tillsammans med föräldrarna. Alla respondenter äter middagen tillsammans med familjen förutom vid undantag så som sena träningar. Utöver detta äter tre av de tillfrågade frukost tillsammans med övriga familjemedlemmar. De uppger även att samtal kring kost med klasskamrater förekommer i låg utsträckning. Samtidigt verkar alla elever inneha goda kost- och måltidsvanor. I relation till detta skiljer sig den upplevda energinivån under skoldagen åt mellan individerna, vilket kan bero på olika lång tidsperiod sen de senast åt.  

Slutsats

De tio undersökta eleverna har god relation och attityd till kost vilket vi anser kan ha att göra med sociala omständigheter. I skolan upplever de tillfrågade eleverna ofta en stöttning från vänner vid avvägning om att äta eller inte. Om denna stöttning uteblir väljer eleverna ofta att äta ändå vilket kan beror på goda vanor hemifrån. Utöver detta upplever eleverna att energin och orken påverkas under en skoldag, vilket de själva kopplar till låg frekvensen av matintaget, så som uteblivet mellanmål. 

 

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to investigate ten students in grades 6 and 7 approach to diet and eating habits, the perceived social impacts associated with the meals, and whether they feel their strength and energy level is affected by food habits.

  •  How does 10 sports active students in grades 6 and 7 experience their diet and eating habits?
  • How does 10 sports active students in grades 6 and 7 experience the social influences on diet and eating habits?
  • How does diet and eating habits affect 10 sports active students in grades 6 and 7 perceived energy level?

Method

The study was conducted using a qualitative approach in which the interview was used as a method of data collection. The sample consisted of ten students in grades 6 and 7 from a school south of Stockholm. The interviews lasted 10-15 minutes and were recorded using audio recording where the material then was transcribed into printed form. Theoretical models and previous research were used as tools for analysis of results.

Results

Overall, the students report that they are not adversely affected by social circumstances and the existing environments in their food choices. Four of the students reported that they actively talks about diet at home with their parents. Everyone eats dinner together with their families, except for exceptions such as late sports practices. In addition to this, three of the students eat breakfast along with their family members. They also state that conversations about nutrition with their classmates are presented at low levels. It seems that all students possess good diet and eating habits. In relation to this the perceived energy-levels among the students vary during the school-day between one individual to another, as they state due to long time since they last ate.  

Conclusions

The ten students examined have god relationship and attitude towards diet, which we believe to have been created by social circumstances. In school, they often experience a positive support from peers in consideration about eating or not. If this support defaults the students often choose to eat anyway, which we interpret due to good habits from home. In addition to this, students experience that the energy-levels are affected during a school day, which they connect to the low frequency of food intake such as default to snack. 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 45 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2013:80
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3148DiVA: diva2:679566
Subject / course
Lärare
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-16 Created: 2013-12-16 Last updated: 2013-12-16Bibliographically approved

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