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Finns preventiva strategier mot muskelskada i lårets baksida hos fotbollsspelare i allsvenskan?: En enkätstudie
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Do preventive strategies exist for muscle injury of the posterior thigh in elite soccer players? : A survey study (English)
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of this study was to investigate if the Swedish elite soccer teams, both males and females, have preventive strategies to reduce the risk of muscular injuries in the posterior thigh.

Method

A survey was created and sent by mail to all (n=28) Swedish elite soccer teams in allsvenskan (both males and females) to be answered by the head of physical exercise within each team. A pilot study regarding the survey was performed by two soccer coaches on elite level and was revised afterwards. The survey was conducted between May through July 2013. In total, 18 soccer teams participated in this survey.

Results

10 soccer teams did not respond to the survey, which resulted in a drop out of 36%. Preventive strategies to reduce the risk of muscular injuries in the posterior thigh existed in 16 of the teams. The strategy included both specific and complex and were performed during both pre-season and match play. The most frequent specific exercises performed were; bridging (pre-season n=9/match play n=8), Nordic hamstring (n=7/n=4) and leg-curl on a balance ball (n=6/n=4). The most common complex exercises performed were; single limb balance (pre-season n=11/match play n=10), split squats (n=9/n=9) and Romanian deadlifts (n=6/n=4). Eleven teams also used screening as a method to identify players at risk of injury. Active range of motion in the lower extremity was the most common screening method.

Conclusions

In 16 of the teams there existed a preventive strategy consisting of both specific and complex exercises that were performed during both pre-season and match play to prevent muscle injuries in the posterior thigh. Two thirds of the teams used screening to identify players at risk of muscle injury in the posterior thigh.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka om det fanns preventiva strategier i de allsvenska fotbollsklubbarna för att minska risken för muskelskador i lårets baksida hos såväl manliga som kvinnliga fotbollsspelare.

Metod

En enkät utformades och skickades per post till alla lag (n=28) i fotbollsallsvenskan (herrar och damer) och besvarades av träningsansvarig person i respektive lag. En pilotstudie avseende enkäten genomfördes på två fotbollstränare på elitnivå och reviderades efter detta. Enkätundersökningen genomfördes under tidsperioden maj-juli 2013. Totalt 18 fotbollslag medverkade i denna studie.

Resultat

Tio lag besvarade inte enkäten vilket resulterade i ett bortfall på 36%. Preventiva strategier för att minska muskelskador i lårets baksida existerade i 16 fotbollslag. Strategierna bestod dels av specifika och komplexa övningar som genomfördes under såväl försäsong som seriespel. De mest förekommande specifika övningarna som utfördes var; höftlyft (försäsong n=9/ seriespel n=8), nordic hamstring (n=7/n=4) och leg-curl på balansboll (n=6/n=4). De vanligaste komplexa övningarna som utfördes var; draken (försäsong n=11/seriespel=10), utfallssteg (n=9/n=9) och raka marklyft (n=6/n=4). Elva lag använde sig även av screening för att identifiera spelare med riskfaktorer för muskelskada i lårets baksida, där den vanligaste metoden var kontroll av aktiv rörlighet i nedre extremiteten.

Slutsats

I 16 lag fanns det preventiva strategier bestående av specifika och komplexa övningar som utfördes under såväl försäsong som seriespel för att minska risken för muskelskador i lårets baksida. Två tredjedelar av lagen använde sig av screening för att identifiera spelare med riskfaktorer för muskelskada i lårets baksida.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Series
Examensarbete, 2013:64
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-3086DiVA: diva2:675472
Educational program
Magisterprogrammet i idrottsvetenskap med inriktning mot idrottsmedicin
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-12-04 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-06Bibliographically approved

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