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Kinesiotejp som behandlingsmetod: för friidrottare och löpare med medialt tibiasyndrom
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Kinesiotape as treatment method : for track and field athletes and runners with medial tibial stress syndrome (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte: Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka den upplevda effekten av upprepad behandling med kinesiotejp under 2 veckor, sett till smärta och besvär hos idrottare med medialt tibiasyndrom (MTS). Frågeställningarna som ställdes var: vilken effekt har behandling med kinesiotejp på smärta vid MTS samt vilken effekt har behandling med kinesiotejp på besvär och symtom vid medialt MTS?

Metod: Femton personer med diagnosen MTS deltog i studien (10 kvinnor och 5 män). Samtliga deltagare var aktiva inom friidrott alternativt löpning. Deltagarna skattade sin smärta i båda benen, men endast ett ben tejpades. En lottning utfördes för att fastställa vilket ben som skulle behandlas med kinesiotejp. De med smärta i enbart ett ben tejpades på det benet som var symtomgivande. Deltagarna tejpades vid 2 tillfällen, de tejpades vid det första mötet och tejpen fick sedan sitta kvar i 6 dagar. Den sjätte dagen tog deltagarna själva bort tejpen och dagen efter utfördes samma tejpning igen. Sex dagar senare togs tejpen bort och efter 2 veckor utan tejp skickades en uppföljningsenkät ut. Deltagarna skattade upplevd smärta och besvär i båda benen på en visuell analog skala (VAS) vid första mötet och en uppföljning av smärta och besvär gjordes efter 1, 2 och 4 veckor. De fick också uppge upplevd symtomförändring efter 1, 2 och 4 veckor.

Resultat: Upplevd smärta och besvär mätt på VAS-skalan visade ingen signifikant förändring över tid mellan det tejpade benet och det otejpade benet. Vid första uppföljning upplevde dock 12 av 15 (80 %) en symtomförbättring i sitt tejpade ben, medan 2 av 12 (16,7 %) upplevde en förbättring i sitt otejpade ben (p<0,05). En tendens till upplevd förbättring fanns vid uppföljning vid vecka 2: 9 av 15 (60 %) upplevde en förbättring på sitt tejpade ben medan 3 av 12 (25 %) upplevde en förbättring på sitt otejpade ben (p=0,57).

Slutsats: Resultatet i denna studie visade att behandling med kinesiotejp kunde minska upplevda symtom hos idrottare med MTS den första veckan efter applicering. En tendens till minskning av upplevda symtom kunde även ses vid uppföljning efter 2 veckor med behandling av kinesiotejp. Ingen ytterligare effekt kunde ses efter borttagning av tejpen. Denna omedelbara effekt visar att kinesiotejp kan vara en möjlig behandlingsmetod för idrottare med MTS.

Nyckelord: medialt tibiasyndrom, MTS, kinesiotejp, idrottare, överbelastningsskada

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived effect of repeated treatment with kinesiotape during 2 weeks, in terms of pain and symptoms in athletes with medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). The research questions were: what effect does treatment with kinesiotape has in pain of MTSS and what effect does treatment with kinesiotape has in pains and symptoms of MTSS?

Method: Fifteen people diagnosed with MTSS participated in the study (10 women and 5 men). All participants were track- and-field athletes or runners. The participants estimated their pain in both legs, but only one leg was taped. A lottery was conducted to determine which leg was to be treated with kinesiotape. Those with pain in only one leg were taped to the leg that was symptomatic. Participants were taped on 2 occasions, they were taped in the first meeting and the tape was then left for 6 days. On the sixth day the participants took the tape off and the following day they were taped again. Six days later, the tape was removed and after 2 weeks without tape a follow-up survey was sent. Participants estimated perceived pain and symptoms in both legs on a visual analogue scale (VAS) at the first meeting and follow-ups of pain and symptoms were made after 1, 2 and 4 weeks. They also estimated perceived change in symptoms after 1, 2 and 4 weeks.

Results: Perceived pain and symptoms as measured on VAS revealed no significant change over time between the taped leg and the non-taped leg. At the first follow-up however, 12 of 15 (80%) experienced an improvement in symptoms in the taped leg, while 2 of 12 (16.7%) experienced improvement in their non-taped legs (p<0.05). A tendency to perceived improvement was found at follow-up in week 2: 9 of 15 (60%) experienced an improvement in their taped legs while, 3 of 12 (25%) experienced an improvement in their non-taped leg (p=0.57).

Conclusions: The result of this study showed that treatment with kinesiotape decreased perceived symptoms in athletes with MTSS in the first week after application. A trend for reduction of perceived symptoms could also be seen at follow-up after 2 weeks of treatment with kinesiotape. No further effect was seen after removal of the tape. This immediate effect showed that kinesiotape may be a possible treatment for athletes with MTSS.

Key words: medial tibial syndrome, MTSS, athletes, overuse injury.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 35 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2013:34
Keyword [en]
medial tibial syndrome, MTSS, atheltes, overuse injury
Keyword [sv]
medialt tibiasyndrom, MTS, kinesiotejp, idrottare, överbelastningsskada
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2948OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2948DiVA: diva2:652776
Educational program
Master programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-10-02 Created: 2013-10-01 Last updated: 2013-10-02Bibliographically approved

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