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Möjlighet till rörelse: En studie om sambandet mellan utbudet av faciliteter på skolgården, och lågstadieelevers fysiska aktivitet under rast.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Possibility for movement : a study of the relationship between the supply of facilities in the schoolyards, and physical activity during recess in primary school. (English)
Abstract [en]

Aim and research questions

The aim of the study was to examine pupils’ physical activity on schoolyards in northern Stockholm’s surrounding municipalities, based on the schoolyards’ design regarding supply of spaces, material, equipment and gender. The research questions were:

1. Was there any association between how well spaces, materials and equipment were represented in the schoolyards and pupils’ physical activity during recess? If so, how did the association come to expression?

2. Did the results differ from the previous question, regarding gender? If so, how did the difference come to expression?

Method

A total of 122 second grade pupils, from six schools, in northern Stockholm’s surrounding municipalities participated. A systematic observation was the basis for the categorisation of the schoolyards. The schoolyards were categorised in adequate facilities and inadequate facilities. Questionnaires were distributed to the pupils’ guardians in order to identify the pupils’ socioeconomic status and everyday physical activity. Measurement of the pupils’ physical activity was done by equipping the pupils with pedometers during a morning recess.

Results

The results showed that girls on schoolyards with adequate facilities were more physically active than girls on schoolyards with inadequate facilities (p<0.05). No significant results on the matter were found regarding the boys. The boys in the study were more physically active than the girls during the morning recess (p <0.05). The results could not reveal that any factor in the schoolyard was more important than any other. The results also showed that the only pupils who took less than 31 steps / min were based on schoolyards with adequate facilities.

Conclusion

The study shows that increased supply of equipment and surfaces may well be an important aspect in order to stimulate a bigger number of girls to be physically active during recess. There are, however, pupils who are physically inactive during recess, despite a variety of surfaces and equipment available on the schoolyard. We believe it to be of utmost importance, to stimulate this group of pupils to be more physically active during recess.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka elevers fysiska aktivitet på skolgårdar i Stockholms norra kranskommuner, utifrån skolgårdarnas utformning gällande ytor, material, utrustning och kön. Frågeställningarna var följande:

1. Fanns det något samband mellan hur väl ytor, material och utrustning representerades på skolgårdarna och elevernas fysiska aktivitet under rast? Hur yttrade sig i så fall sambandet?

2. Skiljde sig resultaten i föregående frågeställning något gällande kön? Hur yttrade sig skillnaderna i så fall?

Metod

Sammanlagt deltog 122 elever i årskurs två, från sex skolor, i Stockholms norra kranskommuner. En systematisk observation av skolgårdarnas utformning låg till grund för en kategorisering av skolgårdarna. Skolgårdarna delades in i de två kategorierna tillräckliga faciliteter och otillräckliga faciliteter. Enkäter delades ut till elevernas målsmän med syftet att kartlägga elevernas socioekonomiska status samt fritidsaktiviteter. Mätning av elevernas fysiska aktivitet skedde genom att eleverna utrustades med stegräknare under en förmiddagsrast.

Resultat

Resultaten visade att flickor på skolgårdar med tillräckliga faciliteter rörde sig mer än flickor på skolgårdar med otillräckliga faciliteter (p<0,05). Bland pojkar fanns inga signifikanta resultat. Pojkarna i studien rörde sig mer än flickorna på rasten (p<0,05). Resultaten kunde inte visa på att någon faktor på skolgården var viktigare än någon annan. Resultaten visade även att de enda elever som tog mindre än 31 steg/min fanns på skolgårdar med tillräckliga faciliteter.

Slutsats

Studien visar att ökat utbud av utrustning och ytor kan vara en väg att gå för att stimulera fler flickor till fysisk aktivitet på rasterna. Det finns dock elever som är fysiskt inaktiva på rasten, trots att utbud av ytor och utrustning finns på skolgårdarna. Det är framförallt den gruppen elever vi anser behöver stimuleras att röra sig mer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 47 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2012:99
Keyword [en]
schoolyard, recess, primary school, physical activity
Keyword [sv]
skolgård, fysisk aktivitet, lågstadie, rörelse, stegräknare, rast
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2905DiVA: diva2:641132
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-16 Created: 2013-08-15 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Möjlighet till rörelse(636 kB)160 downloads
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