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Hur mår du egentligen?: En enkätundersökning om idrottslärarstudenters upplevda hälsa och livsstil
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How are You really doing? : A survey regarding rated health and lifestyle of physical education teacher students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte och frågeställningar:

Syftet med studien var att ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv undersöka upplevd hälsa och livsstil hos idrottslärarstudenter efter minst tre års högskolestudier med viss inriktning mot hälsa. Ett ytterligare syfte var att undersöka eventuella förändringar för respondenterna från det att de påbörjade sin utbildning 2008 till dess att de är på väg att avsluta den fyra år senare. Frågeställningar:

* Hur skattar studenterna sin upplevda fysiska och psykiska hälsa?

* Vilket socialt och kulturellt engagemang uppger studenterna att de har i olika aktiviteter?

* Hur skattar studenterna sin grad av fysisk aktivitet?

* Vilka kostvanor uppger studenterna att de har?

Metod

Undersökningen innefattade 46 idrottslärarstudenter som år 2012 fyllde i en enkät gällande hälsa, fritidsvanor, fysisk aktivitet och kost. Resultaten analyserades i SPSS version 19.0 och jämfördes med resultat från samma enkät och målgrupp år 2008, då det var 77 idrottslärarstudenter som fyllde i enkäten. Därefter har resultaten tolkats utifrån Bourdieus teorier om habitus, kapital och fält.

Resultat

Våra resultat visade på signifikanta skillnader när det kom till att studenterna lagade mer mat, gick ut och dansade mindre, satt stilla fler timmar per dygn och utövade mer skärmaktiviteter år 2012 än år 2008. Resultaten visade även tendenser till att studenterna år 2012 jämfört med år 2008 var fysiskt aktiva sex till sju dagar i veckan istället för tre till fyra dagar i veckan, gick mindre på idrottsevenemang, åt mellanmål samt frukt och grönt oftare.

Slutsats

Den upplevda hälsan var i stort sett oförändrad 2012 jämfört med 2008. De skattade att de var regelbundet fysiskt aktiva, hade ett bra socialt nätverk, samt åt frukt och grönsaker regelbundet. Det kan vara så att genomförandet av en idrottslärarutbildning kan påverka individers grad av fysiska aktivitet och kostvanor. Utifrån Bourdieus teorier kan de olika fält som studenterna befinner sig i samt det kapital som skapats, hjälpt till att påverka dem, utifrån forskningen sett, en bättre hälsa. Däremot kan vi inte säga vad det är som har gjort att respondenterna förändrat sina vanor.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study was to, from a sociological perspective, examine the experienced health and lifestyle among physical education teacher education students who have finished at least three years of higher education studies characterized by health. Another aim was to analyze if there had been a difference from when they were in the beginning of their education 2008 until they were about to finish their education four years later. Questions:

*How do students rate their physical and psychological health?

*What social and cultural involvement do students experience that they have in different activities?

*How do students rate their own level of physical activity?

*What food habits do students report that they have?

Method

There were 46 students who answered a questionnaire regarding health, spare time activities, physical activity and diet. The results were analyzed in the statistical program SPSS version 19.0, and were compared with the results from the same questionnaire and population year 2008. Furthermore, the results were analyzed from a sociological view of Bourdieus theories regarding habitus, symbolic capital and field.

Results

Our result showed that there were differences between year 2008 and year 2012. The significant differences were the fact that students tend to cook food at home more often, went out dancing less often, increased their amount of time of their sedentary behavior, and also, the screen activities had increased. Results also showed that students tend to; were physically active six to seven days a week instead of three to four days a week, visit sport events less frequent, and ate snacks and fruit and vegetables more frequent.

Conclusions

The experienced health was almost unchanged when comparing results from year 2008 to year 2012. When looking at results from recent researches, about the different factors affecting health, students should be in good health. They rated themselves to be regular physical active, have a good social network, also, that they ate fruit and vegetables regularly. The implementation of the education to become a physical education teacher might affect the individuals’ level of physical activity and food habits. With the help of Bourdieu’s theories the students might have been affected to get, when looking at researches, a better health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Series
Examensarbete, 2012:81
Keyword [sv]
Hälsa, idrottslärarstudenter
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2807OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2807DiVA: diva2:623941
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-29 Created: 2013-05-29 Last updated: 2013-05-29Bibliographically approved

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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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