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Hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar på schemat?: En studie om elevers psykosociala arbetsmiljö i skolan
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cardiovascular diseases on the schedule? : A study on students´ psychosocial work environment in school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med studien var att undersöka niondeklassares upplevelse av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön i skolan utifrån parametrarna krav, kontroll och socialt stöd.  De frågeställningar vi vill besvara var: Vilken grad av krav, kontroll och socialt stöd upplever elever i skolan? Vilka eventuella könsskillnader framkommer i upplevd grad av krav, kontroll och socialt stöd?, Hur fördelar sig elever i krav- kontroll- stöd-modellen? samt Vilka eventuella könsskillnader framkommer i krav-kontroll-stödmodellen?

Metod: Studien utgick ifrån Krav-kontroll-stöd-modellen. En färdigutvecklad enkät, Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) utformad för den valda teorin användes. Totalt medverkade 327 elever fördelade på sex skolor i Stockholms kommun. Resultatet sammanställdes och bearbetades i SPSS. T-test och Chi Square användes för jämförelsen mellan pojkar och flickor.  

Resultat: Nittioen procent av eleverna upplever att de har låg kontroll och 34 % av eleverna upplever att de har höga krav i skolan. Faktorn socialt stöd upplevs som hög av majoriteten av eleverna (84 %). En jämförelse mellan pojkar och flickor visade att flickor upplever högre grad av krav och socialt stöd än pojkar. Inga signifikanta könsskillnader återfanns i graden av kontroll. Resultatet visar att en majoritet av eleverna (61 %) hamnar inom ramen för den passiva arbetssituationen. En mindre andel av eleverna upplever arbetssituationen som spänd (30 %), medan endast ett fåtal elever placerades i den aktiva rutan (3 %) eller i den anspända rutan (6 %) i modellen. De könsskillnader som framkom i modellen var att fler flickor än pojkar var spända, medan fler pojkar än flickor tenderade att vara passiva.

Slutsats: Av de medverkande eleverna i årskurs nio upplever flertalet en passiv arbetsmiljö i skolan och anser sig således ha låg kontroll och låga krav. För att förbättra elevers arbetssituation i skolan bör, enligt denna studie, faktorn kontroll ses över.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to analyze ninth graders experience of the psychosocial work environment in school by the parameters demand, control and social support. The questions we wanted to answer was: What level of demand, control and social support does the students experience in school? What possible gender differences emerge in the perceived level of demands, control and social support?, How are the student's divided in correlation within the demand-control-support-model? and What possible gender differences emerge in the demand-control-support model?

Method: The study was based on the demand-control-support model. A already developed questionnaire, Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), designed for the selected theory was used. A total of 327 students in six schools in Stockholm municipality participated in the study. The results were analyzed in SPSS. A T-test and a Chi Square were used to compare boys and girls.

Results: Ninety-one percent of the students experienced a low control, and 34% of students experienced high demands in school. The social support factor is perceived as high by the majority of students (84 %). A comparison between girls and boys showed that girls experience greater demands and social support than boys. No significant sex differences were found in the degree of control. The results also showed that a majority of students (61 %) can be placed within the passive work situation. A smaller percentage of students experienced the work situation as high-strain (30 %), while only a few students were placed in the active box (3 %) or in the low-strain box (6 %) in the model. Possible sex differences emerged in the model was that more girls than boys experienced the work situation as high-strain, while more boys than girls experienced the work situation as passive.

Conclusion: The participating students experienced a passive work situation in school and consider themselves to have low control and low demands. To improve students work situation in school, the degree of control, according to this study, needs further investigations.  

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Series
Examensarbete, 2012:90
Keyword [sv]
psykosocial hälsa, skola, stress, skolmiljö, krav, kontroll, stöd, JCQ
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2789DiVA: diva2:621405
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-05-15 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2013-05-15Bibliographically approved

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