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School sport in Sweden: what is it, and how did it come to be?
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6629-613x
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Forskningsgruppen för pedagogik, idrott och fritidskultur.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0638-7176
2013 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, Vol. 16, no 6, 805-818 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish sports model has traditionally meant that schools are responsible for all children's and young people's physical education, while the sports movement is responsible for the voluntary training and competition in sport. In recent years, this model seems to have changed since schools increasingly offers training in sports during the school day,school sport. This article describes the development of the Swedish school sport system in relation to major school reforms during the last three decades; reforms that have meant that the school system has been decentralized and market-adapted. This article also argues that sport under the period has gained a new meaning for schools. The main conclusions are that societal changes have enabled the sports movement an increased influence on school sport and that the Swedish sports model has changed. In particular, the ideological distinction between school physical education and voluntary competitive sport has been challenged.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 16, no 6, 805-818 p.
Keyword [en]
school sports, sports for children, sports for youth, physical education, social change, Sweden
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2679DOI: 10.1080/17430437.2012.753530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2679DiVA: diva2:603702
Note

Version of record first published: 16 Jan 2013

Available from: 2013-02-06 Created: 2013-02-06 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Idrottsprofilerad utbildning: i spåren av en avreglerad skola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Idrottsprofilerad utbildning: i spåren av en avreglerad skola
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
In the wake of a deregulated school system : school sports in Sweden
Abstract [en]

This thesis aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of the Swedish school sports system, a system which has evolved since the beginning of the 1970s, the prevalence of which has increased significantly at all school levels since the mid-1990s and today attracts a large number of pupils and teachers.

Starting with the neoliberal discourse which has had a major impact on the development of the Swedish school system, and inspired by Pierre Bourdieu’s theoretical framework, the reasons for the emergence of the school sports system and the reasons why schools chose to specialise in sport is described. Also examined are the pupils and teachers involved and the mechanics behind their participation.

Empirically, this thesis is based on registry data, telephone interviews with principals at schools offering school sports and questionnaires responses from pupils and teachers involved in school sports.

The results of the thesis suggest that the main reason school sports has become so common is closely connected to increased competition on the local school market; by offering school sports, schools have found a possible way to attract more pupils. Furthermore, the results show that the social characteristics of pupils who have been selected or have chosen to participate in school sports differs from the national population of pupils and participants in sports clubs. This suggests that the available supply of school sports is better adapted to some pupils’ social backgrounds and habitus. In relation to the teachers involved, the results show that other resources than what is normally required to become a teacher is valued in school sports. Instead of a teacher certificate, a coaching education and experiences in competitive sport is valued highly which suggests that this is recognised as symbolic capital for teachers in school sports.

In conclusion this thesis demonstrates that school sports is influenced by both the fields of education and sport, and that the increased supply of school sports has implications for both fields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2014
Series
Gothenburg studies in educational sciences, ISSN 0436-1121 ; 355
Keyword
Bourdieu, field of education, field of sport, neoliberal discourse, pupils, school sports, teachers
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-3413 (URN)978-91-7346-795-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-19, Aulan, GIH, Lidingövägen 1, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Forskningslinjen Utbildning
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-26 Last updated: 2016-09-19

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Ferry, MagnusMeckbach, JaneLarsson, Håkan

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