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Mental Practice or spontaneous play?: Examining which types of imagery constitute deliberate practice in sport
London Sport Institute.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3428-6900
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, ISSN 1041-3200, Vol. 18, 345-362 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Imagery use was examined within the deliberate practice framework (Ericsson, Krampe, & Tesch-Römer, 1993). Athletes (N = 150) from three competitive levels (recreational, intermediate, and elite) completed an adapted version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ; Hall, Mack, Paivio, & Hausenblas, 1998). Each SIQ item was scored for frequency, deliberation, relevance, concentration, and enjoyment. Eight SIQ items were deemed to be deliberate practice: five cognitive-specific images, two cognitive-general images, and one motivational general-mastery image. Motivational-specific imagery instead resembled deliberate play (Côté, Baker, & Abernethy, 2003). Elite and intermediate athletes used imagery more frequently and deliberately and perceived imagery to be more relevant and requiring more concentration than recreational athletes. Differences also existed regarding how deliberately the athletes engaged in various imagery types. The findings may inform applied practitioners regarding differences in imagery use between competitive levels and differences in the characteristics of imagery types.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 18, 345-362 p.
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2353DOI: 10.1080/10413200600944124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2353DiVA: diva2:538333
Available from: 2012-06-29 Created: 2012-06-29 Last updated: 2015-09-17Bibliographically approved

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Nordin, Sanna M
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