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Imagining yourself dancing to perfection?: Correlates of perfectionism in ballet and contemporary dance
Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3428-6900
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham.
Australian Ballet School.
University of Wolverhampton .
2011 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, ISSN 32-927X, Vol. 5, no 1, 58-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated perfectionism prevalence and its relationship to imagery and performance anxiety. Two hundred and fifty (N = 250) elite students (66.4% female; Mage = 19.19, SD = 2.66) studying mainly classical ballet or contemporary dance in England, Canada, and Australia completed questionnaires assessing perfectionism, imagery, and performance anxiety. Cluster analysis revealed three distinct cohorts: dancers with perfectionistic tendencies (40.59% of the sample), dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies (44.35%), and dancers with no perfectionistic tendencies (15.06%). Notably, these labels are data driven and relative; only eight dancers reported high absolute scores. Dancers with perfectionistic tendencies experienced more debilitative imagery, greater cognitive and somatic anxiety, and lower self-confidence than other dancers. Dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies reported midlevel scores for all constructs and experienced somatic anxiety as being more debilitative to performance than did those with no perfectionistic tendencies. Clusters were demographically similar, though more males than females reported no perfectionistic tendencies, and vice versa. In summary, the present findings suggest that "true" perfectionism may be rare in elite dance; however, elements of perfectionism appear common and are associated with maladaptive characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 5, no 1, 58-76 p.
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2341DiVA: diva2:538307
Available from: 2012-06-29 Created: 2012-06-29 Last updated: 2015-09-17Bibliographically approved

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