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Att kostrådgiva typ-2 diabetiker: Konsten att motivera till en livsstilsförändring
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To give nutritional advice for type-2 diabetics : The art of motivate for a lifestyle change (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med den här studien var att ta reda på hur privata kostrådgivare upplevde sin roll i arbetet med att förändra kostvanor hos klienter med typ-2 diabetes. Vidare syftade studien till att ta reda på hur privata kostrådgivare motiverade dessa klienter till beteendeförändringar.

- Hur uppfattar privata kostrådgivare sin betydelse i arbetet med beteendeförändringar hos klienter med typ-2 diabetes?

- Hur motiverar privata kostrådgivare sina klienter med typ-2 diabetes till beteendeförändringar?

Metod

Kvalitativ forskning samt semistrukturerade intervjuer valdes för den här studien. Informanterna var fyra kostrådgivare som arbetade inom privata sektorn i Stockholm. De inspelade intervjuerna transkriberades och analyserades både deduktivt och induktivt genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat

Resultatet visade att kostrådgivarna uppfattade sig som mycket betydelsefulla för sina klienters livsstilsförändring. De motiverade sina klienter genom att framför allt förmedla kunskap men också med att ge stöd.

Slutsats

Studien visade att kostrådgivare är betydelsefulla för att typ-2 diabetiker ska lyckas med en livsstilsförändring. Resultaten uppmärksammar delar i rådgivning som är viktiga för beteendeförändring. Dessa är i linjer med empowerment-modellen vilken valts som teoretiskt ramverk för studien. Intressant vore att studera närmare hur kostrådgivarens nivå av kompetens har betydelse för deras klienters framgång.

Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of this study was to find out how private nutrition counselor perceived their role in changing the eating habits of clients with type-2 diabetes. Furthermore, the study aimed to find out how private nutrition counselor motivated these clients to behavioral changes.

- How does private nutrition counselor perceive their role in the work of behavioral changes of clients with type-2 diabetes?

- How does private nutrition counselor motivate their clients with type-2 diabetes to changes in behavior?

Method

Qualitative research and semi-structured interviews were chosen for this study. The informants were four nutrition counsellors who worked in the private sector in Stockholm. The recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed both deductively and inductively by content analysis.

Results

The results showed that dietary counselors see themselves as very significant to their clients' lifestyle change. They motivated their clients by primarily impart knowledge but also with support.

Conclusions

The study demonstrated that the nutritionist is important for type-2 diabetics to be able to succeed with a change of lifestyle. The results describe elements of counseling that are important for behavior change. These are in the line with the empowerment model which was selected as the theoretical framework of the study. It would be interesting to study further how nutrition counselor’s level of competence is important for their clients' success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Series
Examensarbete, 2012:26
Keyword [sv]
Kostrådgivare, diabetes typ 2, typ2 diabetes, beteendeförändring, livsstilsförändring, motivation, kostrådgivning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2264OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2264DiVA: diva2:523519
Educational program
Sports Science and Health Science
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-04-26 Created: 2012-04-25 Last updated: 2012-04-26Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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