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Bedömning? Kan vi inte bara ha roligt?: En kvalitativ studie om lärare i idrott och hälsas bedömningsarbete i grundsärskolan
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Assessment? Can’t we just have a good time? : A Qualitative Study of the Assessment Process of Teachers in Physical Education in Schools for Intellectually Disabled (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte och frågeställningar Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka hur lärare i idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan, år 7-10, arbetar med kunskapsbedömning och dokumentation av kunskap. Vidare syftade studien till att undersöka vilken eventuell inverkan Lgr 11 kommer ha på detta arbete. Studiens frågeställningar var: Hur resonerar lärare i idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan kring bedömning och betygssättning? Hur har lärare i idrott och hälsa i särskolan dokumenterat sina elevers utveckling med Lpo 94 som ramverk/ styrdokument? Med vilka verktyg/på vilka sätt har elevernas kunskaper bedömts med Lpo 94 som ramverk/ styrdokument samt hur uppfattar lärare i idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan Lgr 11?

Metod

Intresseförfrågningar skickades ut till ca 50 aktiva idrottslärare i idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan, år 7-10. Åtta lärare svarade positivt till medverkan varav två av dessa, efter vidare kontakt, sållades bort på grund av att de var verksamma i annan skolform än grundsärskolan. Intervjuer genomfördes sedan med de sex informanterna, på en tid och plats som passade informanterna. Intervjuerna var ca 40 min långa, semistrukturerade och frågeområdena omfattade tankar kring betyg och bedömning generellt, hur bedömningsarbetet sett ut med Lpo 94 som styrdokument, samt hur lärarna uppfattade Lgr 11. Intervjuerna behandlade även frågor rörande hur lärarna kunde föreställa sig att undervisningen skulle kunna se ut med Lgr 11 som styrdokument.

Resultat

Lärarna uppgav att deras huvudsakliga syfte med bedömningsarbetet var att samla information för att kunna anpassa undervisningen. Fem av sex ställde sig frågande till betyg i särskolan. Hälften av de tillfrågade lärarna uppgav att bedömning i särskolan är problematiskt på grund av att elevgruppen är heterogen. Lärarnas dokumentation av elevernas utveckling skiljde sig åt, några dokumenterade ingenting medan andra hade välutvecklade system. I samtliga fall bedömdes eleverna genom observation. Lärarnas samlade intryck av Lgr 11 var att kraven ävarhögre än i Lpo 94 men tre av dem menade att de är väldigt oinsatta i särskolans nya kursplan för idrott och hälsa.

Slutsats

Lärarnas skiftande inställning till kunskapsbedömning och dokumentation av bedömning kan relateras till deras uppfattning av syftet med ämnet idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan. Vidare verkade det som att implementeringen av Lgr 11 inte fått särskilt stort fokus i idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan på de skolor som informanterna i denna studie var aktiva. Anledningen till denna brist på fokus kan dock ej urskiljas ur resultaten i denna studie, utan kräver en annan studie med ett annat fokus.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study has been to investigate how teachers in physical education and health in schools for intellectually disabled, year 7-10, incorporates assessment and documentation of knowledge in their practice. The aim of the study was also to investigate what possible effect the introduction of the new curriculum and syllabi of Lgr 11 will have on their work. The questions this study asked were: How do teachers in physical education and health in schools for intellectually disabled argue about assessment and grading? In what way have teachers in physical education and health in schools for mentally disabled documented the progression of their pupils, with Lpo 94 as a framework? What tools of assessment have been used with Lpo 94 as a framework? and How do teachers in physical education and health in schools for intellectually disabled perceive Lgr 11?

Method

An inquiry of participation was sent to 50 active teachers in physical education and health in schools for intellectually disabled, year 7-10. Eight teachers agreed to participate in the study. Two of these eight teachers were excluded due to the type of school they worked in did not match the intended form of the study.  Interviews were then conducted with the six informants, at a place and time that suited the informants. The interviews were approximately 40 min long, semi-structured and the questions covered thoughts on grading and assessment in general, how the assessment process with Lpo 94 as a framework had been carried out along with  how the teachers perceived Lgr 11 and their thoughts on how their lessons will look, with Lgr 11 as a framework.

Results

The main purpose of the assessment process is gathering information to be able to make sure that the lessons maintain an appropriate level of difficulty, according to the interviewed teachers. Five out of six teachers questions the usage of grades in schools for intellectually disabled. Every other teacher claims that assessment in schools for intellectually disabled is difficult, mainly because of the heterogeneity of the groups of pupils. The way the different teachers document their pupils development differs from one-another, some teachers do not document the development at all, while some have elaborate methods for documentation. All of the teachers state that they assess their pupils through observation. The teachers’ collected impression of Lgr 11 is that the demands are higher than in Lpo 94 but three of the teachers mean that their familiarity with the new curricula for Physical education and health is poor.

Conclusions

The way the teachers in this study work with assessment and documentation of knowledge differs from one another. Some of the teachers seem to emphasize the importance of a functioning assessment process more than others. This can be related to what the teachers perceive as the purpose of physical education and health in schools for intellectually disabled. Furthermore it seems like the implementation of Lgr11 in physical education and health-classes has not received the attention needed in the schools in which the informants in this study are active. The reason for this lack of attention cannot be distinguished in the results of this study. Another study with a different focus would be necessary to investigate this matter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Series
Examensarbete, 2011:63
Keyword [en]
Assessment, formative assessment, schools for mentally retarded.
Keyword [sv]
Bedömning, Bedömning för lärande, formativ bedömning, summativ bedömning, idrott och hälsa i grundsärskolan, grundsärskolan, särskolan, betyg, Lgr 11, Lpo 94, dokumentation, pedagogisk dokumentation.
National Category
Pedagogical Work Didactics Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2132OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2132DiVA: diva2:476671
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-12 Created: 2012-01-12 Last updated: 2012-01-12Bibliographically approved

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