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Uppleva eller leva upp till?: En studie om hur gymnasieelever upplever prestationskrav i idrott och hälsa.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2005 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
To experience or reach up to demands? : A study about how upper secondary school students experience performance demands in physical education and health classes. (English)
Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of the study was to investigate how upper secondary school students experience performance demands during their physical education and health classes (PE-classes). The questions were as following: Are there differing perceptions between the sexes whether students experience performance demands? In what situations do the students feel that the demands on their performance are high during PE-classes? Do the students experience of demands on performance differ whether the physical education and health teacher is male or female? Do students feel unfairly treated by the physical education and health teacher during PE-classes?

Method

Seven upper secondary schools in Stockholm’s administrative district were randomly selected to participate in the survey. The principals were contacted for further information and to set a date for performing the survey. The project leaders were present during the days the surveys were taken by students in the social science and natural science programs. After the survey was performed all data compilation was done manually, with the exception of X2 (chi two) that was calculated in the computer program Excel. The results was accounted for along two different divisions, one based on the gender of the student, and one based on the gender of the physical education and health teacher. Finally the results were compared with existing research.

Results

The study shows that there are different opinions between the sexes in how upper secondary school students experience demands on performance during PE-classes. Despite the differences between the sexes, more than 50 % of the students experienced high demands on performance during competition elements, practical exams, when their classmates were observing them, in individual sports events, in team sports, at grading and when the students wanted to perform an exercise correctly. The gender of the physical education and health teacher affected the students experience of high performance demands. 21 % of the 1013 studied students also felt they were being treated unfairly by the physical education and health teacher during PE-classes.

Conclusion

A lot of upper secondary school students felt high demands on performance at different situations in the PE-classes, and felt unfairly treated by the physical education and health teacher. The female students experienced high demands on performance more often than the male students in PE-classes.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur gymnasieelever upplever prestationskrav på idrottslektionerna. Frågeställningarna var: Finns det skilda uppfattningar mellan könen huruvida elever upplever prestationskrav? I vilka sammanhang känner gymnasieelever höga prestationskrav på idrottslektionerna? Skiljer sig gymnasieelevers upplevelse av höga prestationskrav beroende på om de har en manlig eller kvinnlig idrottslärare? Känner sig gymnasieelever orättvist behandlade av idrottslärare under idrottslektioner?

Metod

Sju gymnasieskolor i Stockholms län blev slumpmässigt utvalda att delta i enkätundersökningen. Rektorer kontaktades för vidare information samt bestämning av dag då undersökningen skulle genomföras. Två undersökningsledare fanns på plats dagarna då enkätundersökningen genomfördes bland elever på det samhällsvetenskapliga och naturvetenskapliga programmet. Efter undersökningens genomförande skedde all sammanställning manuellt, med undantag för uträkningen X2 (chi två) som räknades ut i dataprogrammet Excel. Resultatet redovisas utifrån två olika indelningar, en utefter elevernas kön, och en utefter lärarnas kön. Slutligen jämfördes resultatet med redan existerande forskning.

Resultat

Studien visar att det råder skilda uppfattningar mellan könen hur gymnasieelever upplever prestationskrav på idrottslektionerna. Trots de skilda uppfattningarna mellan könen upplevde över 50 % av eleverna höga prestationskrav i samband med tävlingsmoment, teoretiska prov, praktiska prov, när klasskompisarna iakttog, i individuella idrottsgrenar, i lagidrotter, vid betygsättning samt då eleverna ville utföra en övning korrekt i idrottsundervisningen. Idrottslärarens kön påverkade elevernas upplevelse av höga prestationskrav. 21 % av de 1013 undersökta eleverna kände sig dessutom orättvist behandlade av idrottsläraren under idrottslektionerna.

Slutsats

Många gymnasieelever upplevde höga prestationskrav vid olika moment i idrottsundervisningen samt kände sig orättvist behandlade av idrottsläraren. Flickorna upplevde höga prestationskrav oftare än pojkarna i idrott och hälsa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för idrotts- och hälsovetenskap , 2005.
Series
C-uppsats Lärarprogrammet, 40:2005
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-120OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-120DiVA: diva2:471
Uppsok
samhälle/juridik
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-02-19 Created: 2007-02-19

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