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The creatine kinase reaction: a simple reaction with functional complexity.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Research group for Mitokondriell funktion och metabolisk kontroll.
2011 (English)In: Amino Acids, ISSN 0939-4451, E-ISSN 1438-2199, Vol. 40, no 5, 1363-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The classical role of PCr is seen as a reservoir of high-energy phosphates defending cellular ATP levels under anaerobic conditions, high rates of energy transfer or rapid fluctuations in energy requirement. Although the high concentration of PCr in glycolytic fast-twitch fibers supports the role of PCr as a buffer of ATP, the primary importance of the creatine kinase (CK) reaction may in fact be to counteract large increases in ADP, which could otherwise inhibit cellular ATPase-mediated systems. A primary role for CK in the maintenance of ADP homeostasis may explain why, in many conditions, there is an inverse relationship between PCr and muscle contractility but not between ATP and muscle contractility. The high rate of ATP hydrolysis during muscle contraction combined with restricted diffusion of ADP suggests that ADP concentration increases transiently during the contraction phase (ADP spikes) and that these are synchronized with the contraction. The presence of CK, structurally bound in close vicinity to the sites of ATP utilization, will reduce the amplitude and duration of the ADP spikes through PCr-mediated phosphotransfer. When PCr is reduced, the efficiency of CK as an ATP buffer will be reduced and the changes in ADP will become more prominent. The presence of ADP spikes is supported by the finding that other processes known to be activated by ADP (i.e. AMP deamination and glycolysis) are stimulated during exercise but not during anoxia, despite the same low global energy state. Breakdown of PCr is driven by increases in ADP above that depicted by the CK equilibrium and the current method to calculate ADPfree from the CK reaction in a contracting muscle is therefore questionable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 40, no 5, 1363-7 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-1985DOI: 10.1007/s00726-011-0856-8PubMedID: 21394603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-1985DiVA: diva2:457330
Available from: 2011-11-17 Created: 2011-11-17 Last updated: 2011-11-17Bibliographically approved

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