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Fysisk aktivitetsgrad och nedstämdhet: En studie av elever i årskurs 3 på gymnasiet
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Extent of physical activity and low-spiritedness : A study among 3rd year students at upper secondary school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Huvudsyftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan graden av fysisk aktivitet och nedstämdhet/depression bland elever i årskurs 3 på gymnasiet. Vidare syften var att undersöka om nedstämda/deprimerade elever upplever känsla av meningsfullhet, glädje och lycka, lugn och harmoni samt kontroll över sin vardag i samma utsträckning som icke nedstämda eller deprimerade elever. Dessutom är ambitionen att undersöka om den upplevda stressnivån samvarierar med graden av fysisk aktivitet. Slutligen skulle alla dessa aspekter undersökas ur ett genusperspektiv.

Metod

Till denna studie har en kvantitativ enkätmetod använts. Deltagarna i undersökningen bestod av 252 gymnasieelever i årskurs tre från olika gymnasieprogram på två gymnasieskolor. Enkätsvaren behandlades statistiskt med hjälp av SPSS där signifikansnivån var satt till (p<0,05)

Resultat

Resultaten visar att mer än var tredje elev på de aktuella skolorna var nedstämda eller deprimerade, flickorna i högre grad än pojkarna. Den fysiska aktivitetsnivån var låg, 37 % av flickorna och 28 % av pojkarna var fysisk inaktiva. De fysiskt aktiva eleverna hade signifikant lägre CES-D värde dvs. var i betydande lägre grad nedstämda och deprimerade. Resultaten visade att elever med hög fysisk aktivitetsgrad upplever sig ha en betydligt lägre stressnivå än eleverna med lägre eller obefintlig fysisk aktivitetsgrad. De nedstämda och deprimerade eleverna visade i denna studie med god signifikans att såväl flickor som pojkar till mellan 70 % och 90 % sällan eller aldrig upplever följande känslor: Lugn och harmoni, Glädje och/eller lycka, Kontroll över sin vardag samt Meningsfullhet 

Slutsats

Resultaten i denna studie tyder på att den fysiska aktiviteten samvarierar med nedstämdhet och depression, men för att undersöka vad som är orsak och verkan måste interventionsstudier och vidare longitudinella studier i frågan utföras. Den fysiska aktiviteten verkar således samvariera med graden av nedstämdhet och depression.

Abstract [en]

The aim

The main aim of this study was to investigate if there is a correlation between the extent of physical activity and low-spiritedness/depression among students in the third year of upper secondary school. Further aims were to investigate if low-spirited or depressed students experienced the feelings of sense of meaning, joy and happiness, calm and harmony, and control of the weekday to the same extent as non low-spirited/depressed students. Moreover to investigate if the experienced level of stress relates to the amount of physical activity. Finally all these aspects where investigated with a gender perspective.

Method

In this study a quantitative questionnaire method was used. The participants were 252 students in the third year of upper secondary school from different study programmes. The questionnaire answers were statistically analyzed with SPSS, and the level of significance was set at p<0, 05.

Results

The results showed that more than a third of the students at the current schools where low-spirited or depressed, the girls to a higher degree than boys. The extent of physical activity was low, 37 % of the girls and 28 % of the boys where physically inactive.  The students who were very physically active had lower CES-D value i.e. they where less low-spirited and depressed. The results also showed that the students who had a higher extent of physical activity experienced a lower level of stress then students with lower extent or non physical activity. Seventy to ninety percent of those in this study who were low-spirited or depressed exhibited, girls as well as boys, that they seldom or never experienced the following feelings: sense of meaning, joy and happiness, calm and harmony, and control of the weekday.

Conclusion

The results from this study indicate that the extent of physical activity has a covariance with low-spiritedness and depression. To investigate what the cause and effect is intervention studies and longitudinal studies of this effect must be done. However, it appears that physical activity covariates with the extent of low spiritedness and depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
Series
D-uppsats
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-1145OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-1145DiVA: diva2:311241
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-04-20 Created: 2010-04-20 Last updated: 2010-04-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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