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Hyper(in)aktiv?: En studie om sambandet mellan fysisk aktivitet och motorisk förmåga hos barn med ADHD
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hyper(in)active? : A study about the correlation between physical activity and motor skills in children with ADHD (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte

Syftet med studien är att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan motorisk färdighet ochmängd fysisk aktivitet av olika intensiteter hos barn med diagnosen ADHD.

Frågeställningar

1. Hur många barn med ADHD har motoriska nedsättningar utifrån Movement ABC?

2. Hur många barn med ADHD når upp till de Nordiska rekommendationerna för fysiskaktivitet?

3. Hur ser sambandet mellan motorisk färdighet och fysisk aktivitetsnivå ut hos barn medADHD?

Metod

I studien ingick fem pojkar i åldern 9-12 år med diagnosen ADHD. I studien mättes denfysiska aktivitetsgraden med accelerometrar av modellen ActiGraph GT3X somtestpersonerna bar under sju efterföljande dagar. Den motoriska förmågan hos testpersonernamättes med hjälp av de kvantitativa motoriktesterna i Movement ABC. Testerna genomfördesi en lokal på testpersonernas skolor och accelerometrarna samt ett medföljandeinformationsbrev delades ut vid samma tillfälle.

Resultat

Av resultaten av motoriktesterna framgår att endast en testperson hade ett resultat som visarpå tillfredsställande motorisk förmåga, tre testpersoner låg i riskzonen för motoriskanedsättningar och en testperson hade uppenbara brister i sin motoriska färdighet. Fyra av de fem testpersonerna uppnådde de Nordiska rekommendationerna om minst 60 minuters fysiskaaktivitet per dag, inkluderad både måttlig till hård aktivitet. Inga signifikanta samband kundeses mellan fysisk aktivitetsnivå och motorisk färdighet.

Slutsats

Studien kunde inte finna något samband mellan motorisk färdighet och mängd fysisk aktivitetav olika intensiteter hos barn med diagnosen ADHD. På grund av testgruppens ringa storlekbör man ej betrakta studiens resultat som generaliserbara, studien kan dock ses som enpilotstudie.

Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between motorskills and amount of physical activity of various intensities in children diagnosed with ADHD.

Questions

1. How many children with ADHD have motor impairments based on Movement ABC?

2. How many children with ADHD reaches the Nordic recommendations for physicalactivity?

3. What is the relationship between motor skills and level of physical activity in childrenwith ADHD?

Method

The study included five boys aged 9-12 years diagnosed with ADHD. The study is study inwhich the physical activity level was measured using ActiGraph GT3X accelerometers whichtest subjects wore for seven subsequent days. The motor skills of the test subjects were measured using the quantitative motor tests in Movement ABC. The tests were carried out ina room at the test subjects schools and accelerometers, and accompanying instruction were distributed at the same time.

Results

The results of motor tests showed that only one person had test results showing satisfactorymotor skills, three test persons were at risk of motor impairments and a test person hadobvious defects in their motor skills. Four of the five test persons achieved the nordicrecommendations for at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day, including both moderateto heavy activity. No significant correlation was seen between physical activity level andmotor skills.

Conclusions

The study could not find any correlation between motor skills and amount of physical activityof various intensities in children diagnosed with ADHD. Due to the small test group theresults of the current study should be taken with precaution, but can be regarded as a pilotstudy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
Series
Examensarbete, 2009:55
Keyword [en]
ADHD, motor skills, children, Movement ABC, accelerometry
Keyword [sv]
ADHD, motorik, barn, Movement ABC, accelerometri
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-1110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-1110DiVA: diva2:292408
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-02-10 Created: 2010-02-06 Last updated: 2010-02-10Bibliographically approved

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