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J.B. Wolffe Memorial Lecture. "Why exercise?".
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
1992 (English)In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 24, no 2, 153-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a pronounced plasticity and adaptability in the structural and/or functional properties of cells, tissues, and organ systems in the human body when exposed to various stimuli. While there is unanimous agreement that regular exercise is essential for optimal function of the human body, it is evident that extrinsic factors, such as diet and exercise habits, are reflected in the morbidity and mortality statistics, especially in the aged. Aging is obligatorily associated with reduced maximal aerobic power and reduced muscle strength, i.e., with reduced physical fitness. As a consequence of diminished exercise tolerance, a large and increasing number of elderly persons will be living below, at, or just above "thresholds" of physical ability, needing only a minor intercurrent illness to render them completely dependent. Physical training can readily produce a profound improvement of functions essential for physical fitness in old age. Adaptability to regular physical activity serves to cause less disruption of the cell's "milieu interieur" and minimizes fatigue, thereby enhancing performance and the economy of energy output during exercise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 24, no 2, 153-62 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-1007PubMedID: 1549003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-1007DiVA: diva2:240378
Available from: 2009-09-28 Created: 2009-09-28 Last updated: 2011-05-12Bibliographically approved

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