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Motiverad?: en reviewstudie på motiverande samtal med fysisk aktivitet
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Aim

The aim of this study was to find out whether Motivational Interviewing can affect people to change their behaviour in form of increasing physical activity. What results do studies conducted at healthy adults using Motivational Interviewing with physical activity as an outcome present?

Method

To fulfil the aim of the study we chose a review process. During the research two data-bases were used, PUBMED and CSA. Studies including participants under the age of 18 or studies where the participants suffered from diseases were excluded. Studies in parity with our inclusion criteria´s have been examined and compiled. In total, eight studies were selected for analysing. The eight studies used Motivational Interviewing at least as a part of the inter-vention. The number of participants in the studies varied from 20 to 1400. The length of the interventions varied from 8 to 52 weeks.

Results

There were no evident differences in the studies comparing Motivational Interviewing and other intervention methods. Five studies demonstrated an increase of physical activity, being compared to initial values or to a control group, as a result of Motivational Interviewing combined with other methods. One study showed no evident changes and the remaining two studies lacked sufficient information to give the possibility to draw any conclusions.

Conclusions

The studies show that the counsellor’s background may be of importance concerning Motivational Interviewing. The examined studies show that motivational interviewing conducted by a counsellor who has a background in behavioural change, contributes to an increase in physical activity. To summarize, Motivational Interviewing, combined with other methods, can contribute to an increase of physical activity in healthy adults in a short-term perspective. There is a need for more studies to investigate specifically how Motivational Interviewing can increase the level of physical activity.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med uppsatsen var att ta reda på om motiverande samtal påverkar människor till en beteendeförändring i form av ökad fysisk aktivitet. Vilka resultat visar studier, utförda på vuxna friska individer, som finns på MI-samtal med fysisk aktivitet som utfall?

Metod

För att uppfylla studiens syfte valde vi ett reviewförfarande. För sökning av studier har två databaser använts, PUBMED och CSA. Studier med deltagare under 18 år eller med sjukdomstillstånd selekterades bort. De artiklar som var i paritet med urvalskriterierna granskades och sammanställdes. Totalt var det 8 studier som analyserades. De hade motiverande samtal som del eller hel intervention. Studiernas deltagarantal varierade från 20 till 1400. Interventionstiden varierade mellan 8 till 52 veckor.

Resultat

I studierna uppvisades ingen påtaglig skillnad mellan MI-samtal och andra interventionsmetoder. Fem av studierna uppvisade en ökning, i jämförelse med utgångsvärden eller kontrollgrupp, av fysisk aktivitet med hjälp av MI-samtal kombinerat med andra metoder. En gav inga påtagliga förändringar och de resterande två studierna saknade tillräcklig information för att dra några slutsatser.

Slutsats

Studierna visar att rådgivarens bakgrund kan ha betydelse vid motiverande samtal. I studierna som granskats har majoriteten av de med störst ökning av fysisk aktivitet haft en rådgivare med beteendevetenskaplig bakgrund. Sammanfattningsvis kan motiverande samtal kortsiktigt, kombinerat med andra metoder, bidra till en ökning av fysisk aktivitet. Fler studier behövs i framtiden för att undersöka mer specifikt hur metoden MI-samtal påverkar till ökad fysisk aktivitet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
Series
Examensarbete, ISSN . ; 5:2009
Keyword [sv]
Motiverande samtal, MI
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-931DiVA: diva2:222053
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-06-08 Created: 2009-06-05 Last updated: 2009-11-13Bibliographically approved

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