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Competing under pressure: state anxiety, sports performance and assessment
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH. (Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Psykologiska institutionen)
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Elevated levels of anxiety are a common response to stressful competitive sports situations, are known to moderate athletic performance and are referred to as an unpleasant emotional state associated with perceptions of situational threat. The empirical studies in this dissertation considered primarily psychometric, methodological and conceptual issues of relevance for the study of anxiety and sports performance. In Study I, athletes were followed across a full competitive season to explore patterns of inter- and intra-individual variability of anxiety and self-confidence in relation to performance. The findings imply intra-individual anxiety and self-confidence variability to affect performance differently than the specific intensity level and are discussed in relation to more stable personality dispositions such as private self-consciousness. Study II evaluated the psychometric properties of the 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and alternative versions of this scale. General support for a 17-item version (CSAI-2R) was found, but there are also psychometric limitations future research needs to resolve. Study III investigated assessment of intensity and directional ratings on single anxiety items with reference to the conceptualisation of anxiety symptoms as interpreted on a debilitative-facilitative continuum. The findings question the importance and rationale of assessing anxiety direction and revealed serious concerns with assessment procedures and statistical techniques applied in previous research. These concerns were also supported in Study IV, which explored athletes’ idiosyncratic experiences of debilitative and facilitative anxiety symptoms in terms of intensity and emotional valence. The findings are discussed and summarised in a model in order to increase conceptual clarity and provide implications for future research regarding anxiety and related emotional performance states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2006. , 77 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-15OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-15DiVA: diva2:1834
Public defence
2006-05-19, Stockholms universitet, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2007-01-25 Last updated: 2014-04-14
List of papers
1. Intra-individual variability in state anxiety and self-confidence in elite golfers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intra-individual variability in state anxiety and self-confidence in elite golfers
2004 (English)In: Journal of Sport Behavior, ISSN 0162-7341, Vol. 27, no 3, 277-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-462 (URN)
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2011-05-12Bibliographically approved
2. Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2: Evaluating the Swedish version by confirmatory factor analyses
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2: Evaluating the Swedish version by confirmatory factor analyses
2005 (English)In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, Vol. 23, no 7, 727-736 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) is one of the most frequently used instruments when assessing competitive state anxiety in sport psychology research. However, doubts have been expressed about the factorial validity of both the English and the Greek versions of the scale. Hence, a revised version of the inventory (CSAI-2R) has recently been suggested to be more psychometrically sound (Cox et al., 2003). In the present study, the aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the CSAI-2 using confirmatory factor analyses. A total of 969 athletes (571 men and 398 women) competing in 26 different sports completed the Swedish version of the CSAI-2. Three different factor structures were evaluated: the original three-factor model (with cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence), a two-factor model in which self-confidence was excluded, and a three-factor model containing 17 items (CSAI-2R). The results revealed that only the 17-item model displayed an acceptable fit to the data. Although some doubts remain about the amount of variance that can be attributed to error variance in the subscales, the results suggest that it is better to use the CSAI-2R rather than the original CSAI-2.

National Category
Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-463 (URN)10.1080/02640410400021484 (DOI)
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2013-06-12Bibliographically approved
3. Elite Junior National Skiers and Swimmers Do Not Report Facilitative Precompetition Anxiety Responses
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elite Junior National Skiers and Swimmers Do Not Report Facilitative Precompetition Anxiety Responses
2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine 53rd Annual Meeting, 2006, 278- p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-464 (URN)
Conference
The American College of Sports Medicine 53rd Annual Meeting, Denver Colorado
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2016-10-11Bibliographically approved
4. On the distinction between debilitative and facilitative states of competitive anxiety: an idiographic approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the distinction between debilitative and facilitative states of competitive anxiety: an idiographic approach
(English)Manuscript (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-465 (URN)
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2016-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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