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Intra-individual variability in state anxiety and self-confidence in elite golfers
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Responsible organisation
2004 (English)In: Journal of Sport Behavior, ISSN 0162-7341, Vol. 27, no 3, 277-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 27, no 3, 277-290 p.
National Category
Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-462DiVA: diva2:1830
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2011-05-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Competing under pressure: state anxiety, sports performance and assessment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competing under pressure: state anxiety, sports performance and assessment
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Elevated levels of anxiety are a common response to stressful competitive sports situations, are known to moderate athletic performance and are referred to as an unpleasant emotional state associated with perceptions of situational threat. The empirical studies in this dissertation considered primarily psychometric, methodological and conceptual issues of relevance for the study of anxiety and sports performance. In Study I, athletes were followed across a full competitive season to explore patterns of inter- and intra-individual variability of anxiety and self-confidence in relation to performance. The findings imply intra-individual anxiety and self-confidence variability to affect performance differently than the specific intensity level and are discussed in relation to more stable personality dispositions such as private self-consciousness. Study II evaluated the psychometric properties of the 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and alternative versions of this scale. General support for a 17-item version (CSAI-2R) was found, but there are also psychometric limitations future research needs to resolve. Study III investigated assessment of intensity and directional ratings on single anxiety items with reference to the conceptualisation of anxiety symptoms as interpreted on a debilitative-facilitative continuum. The findings question the importance and rationale of assessing anxiety direction and revealed serious concerns with assessment procedures and statistical techniques applied in previous research. These concerns were also supported in Study IV, which explored athletes’ idiosyncratic experiences of debilitative and facilitative anxiety symptoms in terms of intensity and emotional valence. The findings are discussed and summarised in a model in order to increase conceptual clarity and provide implications for future research regarding anxiety and related emotional performance states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2006. 77 p.
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-15 (URN)
Public defence
2006-05-19, Stockholms universitet, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2007-01-25 Created: 2007-01-25 Last updated: 2014-04-14

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf