Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Intake and adherence to energy and nutrient recommendations among women and men with binge-type eating disorders and healthy controls
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Solna, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8916-1956
Univ N Carolina, Dept Nutr, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5209-4625
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Solna, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3765-2067
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Solna, Sweden.;Malardalen Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Div Publ Hlth Sci, Vasteras, Sweden..
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2022 (English)In: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, E-ISSN 2405-4577, Vol. 48, p. 186-195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background & aims: Research quantifying dietary intake in individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder (i.e., binge-type eating disorders) is surprisingly scant. We assessed the dietary intake of women and men with binge-type eating disorders in a large case-control study and compared them with healthy controls. We also evaluated the extent to which their dietary intake adhered to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations. Among cases, we assessed the relationship of binge eating frequency with energy and macronutrient intake. Methods: We derived the total daily energy, macro-, and micronutrient intake of 430 cases with binge-type eating disorders (women: n = 391, men: n = 39) and 1227 frequency-matched controls (women: n = 1,213, men: n = 14) who completed the MiniMeal-Q, a validated food frequency questionnaire. We calculated mean intake for men and women and, in women, compared mean intake of energy and nutrients between cases and controls using linear regression. We calculated the proportion of women and men who met the recommended intake levels from the NNR, and compared these proportions in female cases and controls using logistic regression. We used linear regression to examine energy and macronutrient intake of women with varying frequencies of current binge-eating. Results: Female, but not male cases, had a higher mean intake of total energy/day compared with controls and higher intake than recommended. The majority in all groups (male and female cases and controls) exceeded saturated fat recommendations, and did not meet recommendations for omega-3 fatty acid intake. Among all groups, adherence was low for vitamin D, selenium, and salt. Iron and folate intake was low among the majority of women, especially controls. Female cases with >= 4 binge-eating episodes in the past 28 days had higher intake of energy and percent carbohydrates, and lower intake of percent fat, compared to cases with no binge-eating episodes in the past month. Conclusions: Higher than recommended total daily energy intake among women with binge-type eating disorders may lead to weight gain and downstream health complications, if persistent. In most women, iron and folate intake was insufficient, which may have negative consequences for reproductive health. We found suboptimal adherence for key nutrients that are important to limit (saturated fat and salt) or meet (omega-3 fatty acids) for cardiovascular and overall health in all groups. Nutrition counseling should form an important pillar of treatment to assist with normalization of eating patterns and may also benefit individuals without eating disorders to optimize nutrient intake for long term health promotion. (C) 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022. Vol. 48, p. 186-195
Keywords [en]
Eating disorders, Diet, Nutrition, Macronutrients, Micronutrients, NNR
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7911DOI: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2022.02.111ISI: 000772253200021PubMedID: 35331490OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7911DiVA, id: diva2:1805197
Available from: 2023-10-16 Created: 2023-10-16 Last updated: 2023-10-16

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Wiklund, Camilla

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Wiklund, CamillaIgudesman, DariaKuja-Halkola, Ralf
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