Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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A systematic review of quantitative studies concerning psychological aspects of early specialisation
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7937-5918
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9965-0123
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3428-6900
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Despite the intense and long-standing interest surrounding early sport specialisation, scholars still debate its nature and implications. Previous researchers have also identified the need for further research relating to the psychological aspects of early specialisation such as lower quality motivation, dropout and burnout. To help guide future research it is important to build upon the quantitative literature concerning such psychological aspects of early specialisation. The specific aims of this paper are to provide an overview of research results of quantitative studies that set out to explore relationships between early specialisation and psychological aspects, and to critically examine the designs of such studies. As such, study design characteristics including participant demographics, the psychological aspects represented, and the research questions and results are explored. Data searches were conducted in PubMed, SportDiscus, and PsychINFO using search terms such as "early sport speciali*". Twenty-one relevant papers met the inclusion criteria. The results highlight that the published papers in this area are broad in some respects (variety of sports, performance levels, and gender), but narrow in others (North American dominance, few psychological aspects explored, and few papers per psychological aspect). Many of the studies are based on cross-sectional and retrospective self-reports. Overall, this paper serves as a foundation on which to design future research studies in this area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023.
Keywords [en]
Youth sport, study designs, training history
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7892DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2023.2251977ISI: 001068374300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7892DiVA, id: diva2:1802641
Available from: 2023-10-05 Created: 2023-10-05 Last updated: 2023-10-05

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Downing, CharlotteRedelius, KarinNordin-Bates, Sanna

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Downing, CharlotteRedelius, KarinNordin-Bates, Sanna
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Department of Physiology, Nutrition and BiomechanicsDepartment of Movement, Culture and SocietyDepartment of Physical Activity and Health
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International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Sport and Fitness SciencesPsychology

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