Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Mental health profiles among 13-16-year-Old Norwegian talent and mainstream students - A prospective person-centered analytical approach
Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
Department of Health and Care Sciences, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
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2023 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 68, article id 102474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To contribute further knowledge about symptoms of anxiety, depression, body concerns, and self-worth among young talent development (TD) and mainstream students by exploring the indicators within person combinations prospectively, aiming to identify distinct profiles.

Methods: We included 946 students, n = 168 (45% girls) from three TD sports schools and one ballet class, n =778 (52% girls) from ten mainstream schools. All were 13–14 years at T1 and 15–16 years at T2. Descriptive statistics were examined via variable-centered approaches: ANOVA and cross-tabulations. Mental health profiles were explored via person-centered approaches: latent profile and latent transition analysis, including profile stability over two years and school type, gender, and perfectionism association with profiles.

Results: TD girls’ and boys’ anxiety and depression scores did not differ, but girls reported more weight-shape concerns. Mainstream schoolgirls fared worse compared to all others. Four retained profiles (distressed-body concerned, dissatisfied, moderate mentally healthy, mentally healthy) showed distinct patterns of co-occurring anxiety, depression, weight-shape concerns, and self-worth. Profile stability was high overall (72–93%). The highest proportion of TD boys was in the mentally healthy, TD girls and mainstream boys in moderate, and mainstream girls within the dissatisfied profile. Noteworthy transitions: TD boys who transitioned were likely changing to healthier profiles and girls to unhealthier. Unhealthier profiles were associated with socially prescribed perfectionism.

Conclusion: TD students fared relatively better than mainstream students. Still, considerable proportions of girls were identified in the unhealthiest profiles. These findings involving young TD and mainstream students propose a need for specific follow-up measures to promote mental health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 68, article id 102474
Keywords [en]
Dance, Youth athletes, Distress, Self-worth, Body concerns, Latent profile analysis
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Psychiatry
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7680DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2023.102474ISI: 001030377800001PubMedID: 37665914OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7680DiVA, id: diva2:1775565
Available from: 2023-06-27 Created: 2023-06-27 Last updated: 2023-09-14

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Nordin-Bates, Sanna

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