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Specific phase related patterns of trunk muscle activation during lateral lifting and lowering.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9040-2158
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
2003 (English)In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 178, no 1, 41-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: Lateral bending of the trunk has been demonstrated to be a risk factor in connection with injuries to the spine and its surrounding tissues. Adequate co-ordination of muscle controlling movement and stabilization of the trunk is essential to avoid injury. However, little is yet known about the responses of the lumbar trunk muscles during lateral lifting and lowering. The present investigation was therefore designed to study these responses. METHODS: In six subjects performing lateral lifting and lowering of different loads (0-40 kg) held laterally in one hand, the activities of eight trunk muscles were recorded using intramuscular electrodes. In addition, the angular motion of the trunk from side to side was measured from video recordings. Electromyographic amplitudes on both the contra- and ipsi-lateral sides (ipsi = towards the loaded hand) were analysed in relation to defined phases of trunk motion. RESULTS: Three periods of trunk muscle activation were generally observed, two from the contralateral muscles at the beginning and end of the motion and one from the ipsilateral muscles during the mid-part of the motion. The activities of the contralateral muscles increased, whereas the activities of the ipsilateral muscles decreased with increasing load. The degree of bilateral co-activation was greater in ventral than in dorsal muscles, in lowering compared with lifting, and in no-load or low-load compared with heavy load conditions. CONCLUSION: The co-ordination of trunk muscle activations during side-to-side trunk movements is dependent on trunk position and load. It is speculated that ventral muscles, particularly the oblique and transverse abdominal muscles, are relatively more involved than the other trunk muscles in trunk stabilization, especially in connection with lowering of a light hand-held load.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 178, no 1, 41-50 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-712PubMedID: 12713514OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-712DiVA: diva2:174345
Available from: 2009-02-20 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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