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Electromyographic evidence of selective fatigue during the eccentric phase of stretch/shortening cycles in man.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
1990 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, ISSN 0301-5548, E-ISSN 1432-1025, Vol. 60, no 6, 425-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ten male subjects were tested to determine the effects of muscle fatigue upon the activation pattern of the two main ankle extensor muscles, the 'slow-twitch' soleus (SOL) and the relatively 'fast-twitch' medial gastrocnemius (MG), during a fatiguing 60-s trial of hopping to maximal height. The myoelectric signals from SOL and MG were recorded together with the vertical ground reaction force signal and analysed by means of a computer-aided electromyograph (EMG) contour analysis, i.e. two-dimensional frequency distributions were obtained relating the activation patterns of the two synergists. The EMGs were also full-wave rectified and integrated (IEMG) according to three phases of the hopping movement (PRE, pre-activation phase; ECC, eccentric phase; CON, concentric phase). Results indicated that there were significant decreases (P less than 0.01) in the peak ground reaction force, the height of hopping and the mechanical power per unit body weight at the end of the fatiguing contractions. These decreases in mechanical parameters were accompanied by significant (P less than 0.01) decreases in all three phases of MG IEMG while SOL IEMG showed no such significant declines, except in the CON phase. Thus, the decreased mechanical parameters could in large part be accounted for by the substantial and selective decline of the excitation level of the relatively fast-twitch MG muscle. Our data suggest that the centrally mediated pre-activation of the fatiguable MG muscle as well as the MG activation during the eccentric phase, which is largely controlled by supraspinal inputs and stretch-reflex modulation, are most affected by fatigue changes during repeated maximal stretch/shortening cycles of the ankle extensors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1990. Vol. 60, no 6, 425-9 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-641PubMedID: 2202595OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-641DiVA: diva2:174321
Available from: 2009-02-20 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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