Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Hur idrottsläraren konstruerar begreppet motivation: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med idrottslärare
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How PE-teachers construct the concept of motivation : A qualitative interview study with pe-teachers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka begreppet motivation ur ett lärarperspektiv och dess betydelse för ämnet idrott och hälsa. För att svara på syftet användes frågeställningarna Hurkonstruerar idrottslärare begreppet motivation? Och Hur speglar idrottslärarens syn påmotivation deras arbete i praktiken?

Studien genomfördes med ett socialkonstruktivistiskt teoretiskt ramverk tillsammans med entematisk analys. Studien är av kvalitativ form med hermeneutisk ansats där semistruktureradeintervjuer har genomförts och tematisk analys applicerats. Sex lärare som undervisar i ämnetidrott och hälsa har valts ut ur ett bekvämlighetsurval och intervjuats.

Resultatet visar att idrottslärarna konstruerar begreppet motivation som en drivkraft för att utföra en aktivitet. I praktiken är konstruerandet av begreppet motivation påtagligt, då idrottslärarna tar hänsyn till elevers motivation i undervisning och försöker påverka elevernas motivation i sin planeringoch med sitt ledarskap. Den viktigaste faktorn för att kunna påverka elevernas motivation ansågs vara relationen till eleverna.

Slutsatsen vi fått fram av detta arbete är att idrottsläraryrket är komplext och att begreppet motivation inte har en specifik definition, utan att det är ett brett, mångtydigt begrepp. Däremot så fanns en gemensam nämnare för att beskriva begreppet motivation både hos de intervjuade idrottslärarna och den tidigare forskningen, nämligen begreppet “drivkraft”. Ytterligare en slutsats vi kunnat dra från resultatet i studien är att samtliga respondenter anser sig utifrån deras konstruktion av begreppet motivation, kunna påverka elevernas motivation. Med hjälp av en strukturerad planering, att eleverna inkluderas och kan påverka sin utbildning samt att lärarna anpassar sitt ledarskap kan elevernas motivation höjas. Men att dessa delar lätt kan fallera, om det inte finns en god lärare - elevrelation. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to investigate the concept of motivation from a teacher's perspective and its importance for the subject of sports and health. To answer the purpose, the following questions were asked: How does physical education teachers construct the concept of motivation? And How does the physical education teacher's view of motivation reflect their work in practice?

The study was conducted using a social constructivist theoretical framework together with aqualitative form of a hermeneutic approach where semi-structured interviews have been conducted and thematic analysis applied. Six teachers who teach the subject of physical education and health have been selected from a convenience sample and interviewed. The result shows that the physical education teachers construct the concept of motivation as a driving force to perform an activity. In practice, the construction of the concept of motivation is tangible, as the physical education teachers take students' motivation into account in teaching and try to influence the students' motivation in their planning and with their leadership. The most important factor to be able to influence the students' motivation was considered to be the relationship with the students.

The conclusion we have reached from this work is that the sports teaching profession is complex and that the concept of motivation does not have a specific definition, but that it is a broad, ambiguous concept. On the other hand, there was a common denominator to describet he concept of motivation both with the interviewed physical education teachers and theprevious research, namely the concept of "driving force". Another conclusion we were able todraw from the results of the study is that all respondents consider themselves, based on their construction of the concept of motivation, to be able to influence the students' motivation.With the help of a structured planning, that the students are included and can influence their education, and that the teachers adapt their leadership, the students' motivation can be increased. But that these parts can easily fail, if there is not a good teacher - studentrelationship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 44
Series
Examensarbete ; 2022:119
Keywords [en]
Physical education teacher, motivation, driving force, social construction
Keywords [sv]
Idrottslärare, motivation, drivkraft, social konstruktion
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7504DiVA, id: diva2:1740703
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching; Physical Education Teaching
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-03-02 Created: 2023-03-01 Last updated: 2023-03-02Bibliographically approved

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