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Motor control of voluntary trunk movements in standing.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Laboratory for Biomechanics and Motor Control.
1985 (English)In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 125, no 2, 309-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pattern of activity in different trunk muscles during voluntary trunk movements was studied in the standing position in man. The electromyographic activity from ventral and dorsal trunk muscles on the left and right sides were recorded together with the movements in the sagittal and frontal planes (Selspot optoelectronic system). Movement direction, amplitude, velocity and initial posture were varied. In all movements there was a basic pattern of alternation between antagonist muscle groups. Fast movements were initiated by a sharp burst of activity, whereas slow flexions and side bendings resulted from a decrease in antigravity muscle activity. Movement amplitude was related to the magnitude of the initiating burst, and also to the time of onset of antagonist muscle activity with a braking effect. The contribution of passive internal forces in the braking of a movement was indicated by the myoelectrical pattern of activity, particularly in slow large side bendings, where ipsilateral activity was present at the end of the movement. Sagittal movements starting at different initial trunk inclinations resulted in shifts in onset time and duration between antagonist muscles. The observed modifications are specific adaptations of the motor program to balance changes in mechanical conditions, such as angular acceleration, moment arm for the gravitational force, and intrinsic forces of active and passive structures surrounding the spine and pelvis. In conclusion, the present results demonstrate that trunk movements are generated and controlled by specific patterns of muscle coordination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1985. Vol. 125, no 2, 309-21 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-593PubMedID: 4072714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-593DiVA: diva2:173734
Available from: 2009-02-17 Created: 2009-02-16 Last updated: 2011-05-03Bibliographically approved

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