Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Physical activity as a health resource: a cross-sectional survey applying a salutogenic approach to what older adults consider meaningful in organised physical activity initiatives
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8063-4916
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8748-8843
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5093-4958
2021 (English)In: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, E-ISSN 2164-2850, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 858-874Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Examine health resources that physically active older adults consider meaningful when participating in physical activity initiatives. Health resources are protective factors, including attitudes, knowledge, material factors or social support, that potentially enable people to understand and make sense of their lives or to cope with life stressors.

Design and main outcome measures: A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted with two questionnaires used to serve as a compiled ‘ageing well’ survey: the Salutogenic Physical Activity Health Resources Questionnaire (SPAHRQ) and the short form of the Sense of Coherence questionnaire, SOC-13.

Results: The study included 372 participants ranging from 60 to 96 years of age (mean age: 74.4 ± 7 years; 60% women). Social relations, positive energy, the habit of exercising and embodied satisfaction were considered important by more than 70% of the participants. Social relations were the most meaningful health resource for both men and women (89%). Women rated positive energy as a significantly more important consequence of their participation in physical activity than men (W 88%, M 72%; p = .001). The three health resources that were considered less important were capability in and about physical activity, self-worth and identity as an exercising person. Those who were more physically active considered social relations, self-worth and the habit of exercising to a higher extent. Participants with higher sense of coherence consider the habit of exercising to a greater extent to be important.

Conclusions: Findings that social relations, positive energy, the habit of exercising and embodied satisfaction were considered important by more than 70% of the participants, can contribute to a wider understanding of health resources that older adults consider meaningful in their participation in organised physical activity initiatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis , 2021. Vol. 9, no 1, p. 858-874
Keywords [en]
Healthy aging, physical activity, salutogenesis, well-being, exercise
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-7197DOI: 10.1080/21642850.2021.1986400ISI: 000706539100001PubMedID: 34650835Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85117022839OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-7197DiVA, id: diva2:1705637
Note

Funding agency:

Örebro University PhD studentship

Available from: 2022-10-24 Created: 2022-10-24

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Ericson, HelenaQuennerstedt, MikaelGeidne, Susanna

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