Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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The Role of Executive Function in the Effectiveness of Multi-Component Interventions Targeting Physical Activity Behavior in Office Workers
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Karolinska University Hospital at Huddinge, Sweden; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, USA. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7209-741x
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Stockholm University, Sweden. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0079-124x
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0146-9292
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physical Activity and Health. Uppsala University, Sweden. (Fysisk aktivitet och hjärnhälsa)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3185-9702
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2022 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 266-266Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A knowledge gap remains in understanding how to improve the intervention effectiveness in office workers targeting physically active (PA) behavior. We aim to identify the modifying effect of executive function (EF) on the intervention effectiveness targeting PA-behaviors, and to verify whether the observed effect varies by Job Demand Control (JDC) categories. This workplace-based intervention study included 245 participants who were randomized into a control group and two intervention arms—promoting physical activity (iPA) group or reducing sedentary behavior (iSED) group. The interventions were conducted through counselling-based cognitive behavioral therapy and team activities over 6 months. PA-behaviors were measured by an accelerometer. EF was assessed by the Trail Making Test-B, Stroop, and n-back test. The JDC categories were measured by the demand control questionnaire. Higher EF level at baseline was significantly associated with the intervention effect on increased sleep time (β-coefficient: 3.33, p = 0.003) and decreased sedentary time (−2.76, p = 0.049) in the iSED-group. Participants with active jobs (high job demands, high control) presented significantly increased light-intensity PA in the iSED-group in comparison to the control group. Among participants with a high level of EF and active jobs, relative to the control group, the iPA-group showed a substantial increase in light-intensity PA (1.58, p = 0.036) and the iSED-group showed a tendency of reducing sedentary behavior (−5.35, p = 0.054). The findings suggest that office workers with a high EF and active jobs may benefit most from an intervention study targeting PA-behaviors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022. Vol. 19, no 1, p. 266-266
Keywords [en]
physical activity, sedentary behavior, executive function, job control, job demands, active jobs, self-regulation, health promotion
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6896DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19010266ISI: 000751331000001PubMedID: 35010526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6896DiVA, id: diva2:1624593
Projects
Fysisk aktivitet och hälsosamma hjärnfunktioner bland kontorsarbetare: Delprojekt 3, Långsiktiga interventionerAvailable from: 2022-01-04 Created: 2022-01-04 Last updated: 2022-12-01

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Wang, RuiBlom, VictoriaNooijen, Carla F JKallings, LenaEkblom, ÖrjanEkblom, Maria M.

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