Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Profiles of psychosocial factors: Can they be used to predict injury risk?
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2102-6352
Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden..
Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden..
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2022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 782-788Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The creation of risk profiles using the model of stress and athletic injury (J Appl Sport Psychol. 1998;10(1):5) represents a proposed shift from the reductionism paradigm to the complex sport approach in an attempt to formulate prevention strategies to combat the increasing number of injuries being reported in sporting populations. As a result, the primary purpose of this study was to: (a) identify different risk profiles based on psychosocial factors associated with the Williams and Andersen's model of stress and athletic injury model; and (b) examine potential differences in the frequency of injuries across these risk profiles. A prospective research design was utilized with a sample of 117 competitive soccer players (81 males and 36 females) from Sweden and the United States of America. Data was collected at two time points over the course of three months. At time 1 (beginning of the season) - a demographic information sheet, the Life Event Survey for Collegiate Athletes (LESCA), Sport Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT), and Brief Cope were administered. At time two (T2), three months after the initial data collection, participants' traumatic injuries were recorded. Latent profile analysis (LPA) showed that 3 profiles solution showed best fit to data. Players in profile 1 and 2 reported fewer injuries compared to players in profile 3. However, whereas individuals in profile 1 had a lower predictive risk of sustaining an injury when compared to those in profile 3, both profiles had similar anxiety levels and use of coping strategies with differing stress levels. These findings suggest that the interaction between different proposed risk factors might influence injury risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2022. Vol. 32, no 4, p. 782-788
Keywords [en]
athletes, injury prevention, profiling, sport injury
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6885DOI: 10.1111/sms.14110ISI: 000728738500001PubMedID: 34862984OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6885DiVA, id: diva2:1624228
Conference
32(4):782-788
Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2022-04-21Bibliographically approved

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Tranaeus, Ulrika

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