Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Changes in plasma concentration of kynurenine following intake of branched-chain amino acids are not caused by alterations in muscle kynurenine metabolism.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3500-2896
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Physiology, Nutrition and Biomechanics.
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2022 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, ISSN 0363-6143, E-ISSN 1522-1563, Vol. 322, p. C49-C62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Administration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) has been suggested to enhance mitochondrial biogenesis, including levels of PGC-1α, which may, in turn, alter kynurenine metabolism. Ten healthy subjects performed 60 min of dynamic one-leg exercise at ~70% of Wmax on two occasions. They were in random order supplied either a mixture of BCAA or flavored water (placebo) during the experiment. Blood samples were collected during exercise and recovery, and muscle biopsies were taken from both legs before, after and 90 and 180 min following exercise. Ingestion of BCAA doubled their concentration in both plasma and muscle while causing a 30-40% reduction (P<0.05 vs. placebo) in levels of aromatic amino acids in both resting and exercising muscle during 3-h recovery. The muscle concentration of kynurenine decreased by 25% (P<0.05) during recovery, similar in both resting and exercising leg and with both supplements, although plasma concentration of kynurenine during recovery was 10% lower (P<0.05) when BCAA were ingested. Ingestion of BCAA reduced the plasma concentration of kynurenic acid by 60% (P<0.01) during exercise and recovery, while the level remained unchanged with placebo. Exercise induced a 3-4-fold increase (P<0.05) in muscle content of PGC-1a1 mRNA after 90 min of recovery under both conditions, whereas levels of KAT4 mRNA and protein were unaffected by exercise or supplement. In conclusion, the reduction of plasma levels of kynurenine and kynurenic acid caused by BCAA were not associated with any changes in the level of muscle kynurenine, suggesting that kynurenine metabolism was altered in tissues other than muscle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physiological Society , 2022. Vol. 322, p. C49-C62
Keywords [en]
PGC-1α, kynurenic acid, muscle, tryptophan
National Category
Physiology
Research subject
Medicine/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6862DOI: 10.1152/ajpcell.00285.2021ISI: 000744029900005PubMedID: 34817270OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6862DiVA, id: diva2:1616372
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Swedish National Centre for Research in SportsNovo NordiskAvailable from: 2021-12-02 Created: 2021-12-02 Last updated: 2022-02-23Bibliographically approved

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Horwath, OscarSöderlund, KarinEkblom, BjörnBlomstrand, Eva

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