Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH

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Sport in youth detention: A “pedagogical” practice?
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Movement, Culture and Society. (Forskningsgruppen för pedagogisk idrottsforskning)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4868-8372
2021 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sport can be an important part of life inside youth detention, often believed to contribute to the rehabilitation of youth. However, there has been little ethnographic research examining this phenomenon. How is sport arranged, delivered, and experienced in these closed settings? This thesis examines pedagogies of sport in youth detention, based on ethnography at Capeview and Summerholm – two all-male youth detention homes in Sweden. By framing youth detention as pedagogical practice, and through a life-world methodology, the thesis provides close descriptions of sport in which the lived experiences of youth are situated in the particular functions and practices of these institutions.

The findings of the thesis are compiled into three independent but interrelated articles. The first article explores a pedagogical approach at Capeview – one of the sites –that a select group of students experienced as initiating and guiding a developmental process. The findings elaborate four aspects of the program – building a pedagogical platform, “seeing” and meeting students, creating a supportive environment, and thinking beyond the institution – that characterized this “rings on the water” (i.e., “ripple effect”) approach. The second article examines the dominant pedagogies of sport at both institutions: withholding sport, busying with sport, and sport as developmental community. Findings illustrate how competing functions of youth justice – punishment, containment, and development – are accomplished, and experienced, through sport pedagogical practice. The third article examines sport in these male-dominated institutions from a masculinities perspective. It shows how pedagogical endeavors must address the impact of divergent notions of masculinity in order to integrate, and avoid further marginalizing, these young men through sport.

The principal contribution of the thesis is to show how different sport pedagogies function in order to educate or support and, conversely, contain or punish placed youth– illustrating how desirable benefits of sport in youth detention are contingent upon pedagogical practice. Bringing pedagogical and gender-critical perspectives to bear, it identifies challenges and shortcomings as well as opportunities and promising practices. Endeavors for doing sport for the benefit of detained youth and a safe, just society must consider issues of pedagogy, gender, and philosophical dilemmas such as conflicting missions of education and corrections. Ultimately, efforts to improve outcomes for detained youth through sport calls for tactful pedagogical action, sensitive to the needs, interests, and life-worlds of youth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, GIH , 2021. , p. 175
Series
Avhandlingsserie för Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan ; 22
Keywords [en]
Sport pedagogy, youth justice, youth detention, corrections, pedagogical tact, critical pedagogy, marginalized masculinity, ethnography, football, weightlifting, Sweden
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6699ISBN: 978-91-986490-3-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-6699DiVA, id: diva2:1556821
Public defence
2021-06-18, Aulan / zoom, Lidingövägen 1, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2021-05-24 Created: 2021-05-24 Last updated: 2021-05-28
List of papers
1. 'Rings on the water': examining the pedagogical approach at a football program for detained youth in Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>'Rings on the water': examining the pedagogical approach at a football program for detained youth in Sweden.
2019 (English)In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 919-934Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies indicate that sport within youth institutional settings can be beneficial (e.g. learning social skills) or problematic (e.g. social exclusion) depending on how they are structured, delivered and, ultimately, experienced by students. In this article, we examine the experiences of students and staff in an educational sport program at a Swedish all-male youth detention home (ages 16–20) in order to increase understanding of the pedagogical approach of a sports-based program for detained youth. Drawing on interviews with both students and staff, we identify and elaborate four aspects of the program—building a pedagogical platform, 'seeing' and meeting students, creating a supportive environment, and thinking beyond the institution—that were collectively represented to initiate and guide a process of growth and change for students. We discuss how these aspects of the program's pedagogical approach, in contrast to deficiency-based approaches, can provide a useful framework for delivering sport in ways that can benefit detained youth and other young people in socially vulnerable situations. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
*SPORTS for youth, *SPORTS participation, JUVENILE detention, detained youth, football, pedagogical tact, Sport pedagogy, Sweden, youth justice
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-5719 (URN)10.1080/17430437.2019.1565381 (DOI)000464565500003 ()
Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2021-05-24
2. Pedagogies of Sport in Youth Detention: Withholding, Developing, or Just "Busying the Youth"?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pedagogies of Sport in Youth Detention: Withholding, Developing, or Just "Busying the Youth"?
2021 (English)In: Journal of contemporary ethnography, ISSN 0891-2416, E-ISSN 1552-5414, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 261-288Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines pedagogies of sport in youth detention, drawing on ethnography (primarily participatory observations and interviews) at two all-male youth detention homes in Sweden. Focusing on youths' experiences situated in discourse and practice, three pedagogies of doing sport in youth detention are described: withholding sport, busying with sport, and sport as developmental community. The young men in this study experienced mixed messages through sport, revealing how rehabilitation through sport was obscured by predominant pedagogies of withholding sport (i.e., punishment or correction) and busying with sport (i.e., containment or filling the time). Yet there were glimpses of another pedagogy, sport as developmental community, and the experiences and pedagogical work underpinning this endeavor are highlighted. This study illustrates how competing functions of youth justice-punishment, containment, and development-are accomplished, and experienced, through (sport) pedagogical practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2021
Keywords
sport pedagogy, youth justice, education, ethnography, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6595 (URN)10.1177/0891241620986844 (DOI)000618454500001 ()
Available from: 2021-03-11 Created: 2021-03-11 Last updated: 2021-05-27
3. Sport and masculinities in youth detention: In the gym and at a football program with detained youth.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sport and masculinities in youth detention: In the gym and at a football program with detained youth.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Social Sciences/Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-6698 (URN)
Note

At the time of Daniel Roe's dissertation this paper was a submitted manuscript.

Available from: 2021-05-24 Created: 2021-05-24 Last updated: 2021-05-31Bibliographically approved

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